Useful and therapeutic properties of Valeriana officinalis ( Maun , earthy incense )
perennial herbaceous plant, reaching a height of 1.5 m. Rhizome short, vertical, with numerous roots brown or yellow-brown color.Stem erect, grooved, hollow inside.Leaves opposite, pinnately dissected, with 7-11 pairs of leaflets, the lower petiolate, upper sessile.The flowers are small, white and pink, irregular, collected in corymbose panicle.The fruit with pappus.It blooms from June to September.
is found in the south-eastern regions of Russia.
Medicinal raw materials are roots with rhizomes biennial plants collected in the autumn or early spring, 2-4 cm long, 1-3 cm thick. Collect rhizomes with roots, when the stalks wither and pobureyut (second half of August, September).Shelf-life of about 1 year.
dried roots have a characteristic strong smell, taste spicy, sweet-bitter.Store raw materials in dry, well-ventilated area.It is necessary to protect it from frost, t. To. After freezing it loses quality, and cats, are attracted to the smell of valerian and they can damage the plant.
roots and rhizomes contain an essential oil, the main component of which is the Born-Izov-leryanat (valerian-borneolovy ether), and others. Esters, including glycoside valerid, and tannins, sugars, formic, acetic, malic andother acids.
Valerian is one of the most popular drugs.valerian preparations have a regulating effect on the nervous system, neuro-muscular system of the heart, contribute to the expansion of the coronary vessels, have antispasmodic action, normalizes blood circulation, increase the number of motor function of the intestine and inhibit the fermentation processes in it.
Appointed valerian as a sedative for nervous agitation, insomnia, nervousness of the cardiovascular system, in spastic conditions of the gastrointestinal tract.
Valerian is used as a tincture of the root or rhizome (1:30), tinctures (alcohol and ether) and extracts.The roots and rhizomes are part of the various fees (carminative, choleretic and obscheuspokaivayuschego action).
recommended to give valerian and as a tea: 8 South crushed root should be brewed with boiling water in the evening.To volatilized essential oils, it is necessary to close the cup and saucer so that the bottom of a dipped into the infusion (for achieving tightness).Contents of the beaker to be consumed for the next day.
therapeutic benefit has valerian in treating diseases with increased thyroid function: patients eliminates painful palpitations and nervous irritability.
established that valerian preparations intensify inhibition in the cerebral cortex, reduced reflex excitability, relaxes smooth muscle spasms.
valerian preparations are also shown in epilepsy, asthma, coronary insufficiency with pain syndromes, migraine, spastic constipation.It is used in the form of infusions, decoctions, extracts and powders in hysteria, pain in the heart, heart diseases, chorea, epilepsy, nervous exhaustion.Infusion root shows after suffering long-term illnesses such as improving appetite and fortifying agent.Babies - when Bo
Lyakh abdominal pain, vomiting and convulsions (2-3 drops of tincture) in the form of enemas.In epilepsy bathe the children every other day in the broth.
In folk medicine, also used the roots with rhizomes in the form of infusions, decoctions, tinctures on vodka and powders with hypochondria, hysteria, headaches (migraine) and convulsive pain, pain in the heart (if vice it), epilepsy (epilepsy)when heavy experiences, diarrhea, nervous shock, when frightened, insomnia, rush of blood to the head, especially in women in menopause.5 g of crushed root pour 250 ml of boiling water, tantalized at least 2 hours and take 100 ml in the morning and in the evening before going to bed (the last dose is recommended to take warm with honey).When tachycardia good brew it with the lily of the valley flowers in equal parts.Take intermittently.
When frightened older children should be given for 7-10 drops of tincture 3 times a day, and in epilepsy they have to bathe every other day decoction of valerian root (a handful of root per liter of water).
In addition, as a carminative valerian improves digestion, regulates the functional activity of the stomach;apply it against worms.Valerian root and rhizome, prepared as a powder, well act as a calming and curative remedy for scarlet fever, pneumonia.Fresh valerian root is not usually used.
Insist on the water:. 1 teaspoon (. 1 or incomplete table spoon) crushed root in a glass of cold water, infused for 6-8- hours.Take 1 tbsp.spoon, children give for 1 h. spoon 3 times a day with nervousness.
Broth (of hysteria): 1 full teaspoon in a glass of boiling water.use 1 tbsp.spoon 3 times a day.This decoction combined with the decoction of rue sweeten with honey (to taste) for greater efficiency and drink 1 tbsp.spoon every 2 hours.
tincture in vodka: chopped root poured a fifth of a bottle of vodka.Put in a warm place for a week.Drain the liquid and squeeze the root, allowed to settle and then filtered through a cloth or a folded gauze.Take 15 to 30 drops 3 times a day with cardioneurosis.
As tea:. 1 teaspoon per cup, take 1/2 cup 2-3 times a day (carminative).
1 tbsp.spoon 2 cups boiling water, leave for 30 minutes, drain.Take 1/2 cup 2 times a day (choleretic).
1 tbsp.spoon in a glass of boiling water to brew.1/3 cup 3 times a day (a sedative).In Belarus, the root has long been used in cancer.