Useful and therapeutic properties of smartweed ( water pepper , Ducane )

August 12, 2017 17:59 | Drug Plants

annual grassy stretch of ~ 30-60 cm tall.Stems often reddish, erect, branched.The leaves are oblong-lanceolate, narrowed at both ends, on the edge of wavy;stipules fused into a membranous funnel - the vagina.The flowers are small, greenish-pink, collected in a rare narrow brush.Fruits - black nuts, with one flat and convex on the other side.It blooms from July to September.

grows on the banks of small ponds, rivers and streams, in wet meadows and marshy places.

Medical raw material is a herb collected during flowering;the plants are cut at a height of 10-15 cm from the ground, dried in the shade outdoors or in the dryer.

Shelf life 2 years.Stored in a dry place in compliance with the rules of storage of poisonous plants.

When collecting water pepper should be distinguished from other types of mountaineers, often growing together - Highlander Highlander amphibian and rough, which differ from the water pepper dense spike-shaped inflorescences, pink, white or pale green flowers.The main difference from

other water pepper Polygonum species - leaf burning taste (pepper).

In the grass contains flavonolovye derivatives-nozin frames izoramnetip, rutin, kvertsetrin, giperozid, kver-Cetinje, kaempferol, poligenterin glycoside, tannins, essential oil, formic acid, acetic acid and valeric, fitosaterin.

Highlander pepper has a good hemostatic effect, it reduces the permeability of blood vessels, increases blood clotting, tones the muscles of the uterus, has a calming effect on the nervous system.

Currently, water pepper is used as a hemostatic agent in heavy monthly bleeding and hemorrhoids in the form of decoctions and liquid extract.Included in the "Anestezol" protivogemorroidal-mixtures.

In folk medicine, drugs of smartweed is used as a softening agent in the form of cataplasms (poultices) with pustular skin diseases as an analgesic for liver disease, for rinsing, as well as a sedative for nervous diseases, stomach ulcers, malaria.

fresh crushed leaves smartweed replace the yellow card, they are applied, for example, to the back of the head with a cold or a headache as a means of distracting;toothache make rinsing, diluting juice from leaves 1:10, pour juice fresh wound.


Tincture a 25%: on alcohol - for 1-20 drops of vodka - 30-40 drops three to four times a day (hemostatic).

Broth: 15 g per 200 ml, 1 tbsp.spoon 3 times daily before meals for diseases of the kidneys and bladder.

extract: broth (15 g per 200 ml), concentrated to half;use for 1 hour. The spoon 3 times a day.