Useful and therapeutic properties of gentian perekrestnolistnoy
Perennial herbaceous plant 20-70 cm thick brownish shortened rhizome.It has several non-branching stems, straight or slightly ascending, densely leafy with basal rosette of leaves.Leaves in the amount of 5-8 obovate-lan-tsetnye, reaching 3-8 cm long;stem leaves sous
nasty in the amount of 4-10 pairs, sessile, ovate-lanceolate, fused pairs in the vagina.Flowers almost sessile, twisted beams in the axils of upper leaves, and on top of the stems, forming dense whorls 4-6.Calyx tubular, tonkopereponchataya, whitish;whisk rectangular, 20-25 mm long, sympetalous, blue inside, gray-green on the outside;between the lobes of the corolla limb there are four folds.Pestle with the top one-star to two-part ovary and stigma.Stamens four attached at the bottom of the corolla tube.Fruit - oblong-leaf polyspermous Nye box;Seeds brown, shiny, mesh.Flowers in June-August, the seeds ripen in September-October.
it grows in meadows, forest edges, forest glades, in the mountains, it comes to alpine meadows.Foun
Medical raw material are rhizomes with roots.Collect their produce in the autumn, in October, carefully cleaned from the ground and dried (finely chopped) in a dryer at a temperature of 50-60 degrees in order to prevent the inevitable ferment (bare roots begin to blacken).
The rhizome and roots found alkaloid Genz-min, glycosides and gentsiopikrin gentsizin, trisaccharide gene tsionoza, colorants, essential and fatty oils.
Leaves found ascorbic acid and bitter substances.
gentian preparations are recommended to improve appetite in violation of digestion, especially accompanied by Achille, improve the functional activity of the digestive system, constipation as a choleretic.The root of this plant prevents suppuration, helps with pale weakness (in girls), and gout.
In folk medicine, in addition, gentian prescribed as anthelmintic and to treat gout, arthritis, particularly useful is in dyspepsia, apply it at ahilii stomach, constipation, loss of appetite, increased acidity of the stomach and heartburn (tincture on wine
or vodka).A decoction of the root tincture and drink for arthritis of rheumatic origin.
Topical gentian perekrestnolistnuyu in powder form used in the festering wounds (preferably in an equal mixture of the powder of chamomile), in the form of hot broth - at the feet sweating (1 part gentian of cross-stnolistnoy combined with 3 parts of oak bark for 1 st.spoon in a glass of boiled water).In the not yet cooled down broth soak cloth (preferably homemade) and daily at night wrapped their feet.
Broth: 1 teaspoon chopped root in a glass of boiled water, to heat for 7-10 minutes.drink 1 glass 3 times a day.
Tincture with vodka or wine 2 teaspoons (or 1 tbsp.) For a glass of wine or vodka, insist for 3 weeks.Take one glass of 2 or Art.spoon 3 times a day before going to bed.
powder from the root, ground into flour, consume 1-2 pinch of 3 times a day with water.