Useful and therapeutic properties of Melilotus officinalis

August 12, 2017 17:59 | Drug Plants

Biennial herbaceous plant, about 1 m. Root white, stem, branched.Stem ascending, round at the base and at the top of an angular, highly branched.Leaves alternate, long-petiolate, trifoliate, naked, with stipules, margin serrate, obovate or lanceolate.The flowers are irregular, yellow (or white), long, axillary racemes.Fruit - Bob transversely wrinkled, brown.Seeds ovoid, yellow-borax ^ blooms from June to September.The whole plant is fragrant.

Medical raw material is a herb without coarse stalks during flowering.Dried grass in the air in the shade or in a well ventilated area.Store in a tightly closed glass or tin cans.

In the grass clover found: coumarin (lactone oksiku-Marinova acid maximum content of coumarin found in flowers), coumaric acid, melilotin (3,4-digidrokumarin) melitovaya acid glycoside me-lilotozid, fissionable by the hydrolysis on o-coumaric acid and glucose.In addition, grass containing purine derivatives, protein (17%), fat-like substances (to 4.3%) and essential oils.The seeds were

found: protein (to 41.9%), starch (9%) and fatty oils (8.3%).When rotting clover bishydroxycoumarin formed, which may cause the animals that eat this plant, bleeding.

Medicinal raw materials are leafy tops of grass clover with flowers, gathered during the initial flowering period.The smell of dried raw pleasant, salty taste bitter.It was found that coumarin depresses the central nervous system, has a counterforce-road and narcotic effect.

The official medicine used grass clover from which cooked green (vesicant) patch.In addition, it is part of the fees for the emollient poultices.

In folk medicine, sweet clover is used more widely.Inside - chronic bronchial catarrh, dropsy, flatulence with the presence of abdominal pain, pain in the bladder and kidneys, migraine, headache, complaints of pain as a result of high blood pressure, is also part of emollient fees (tea) asa sedative for insomnia and carminative.

When applied externally the plant has absorbing action when vospatenii breast, swelling of the joints caused by rheumatism, boils, carbuncles, festering wounds, boils, cuts (ointment), inflammation of the middle ear with the secretions (infusion should be prokipyachen).


Broth: 20 g per 200 ml;1 tbsp.spoon 3 times a day (carminative).

Infusion: 1 tablespoon.spoon herb brew cup of boiling water for 20 minutes.Take 1 / 2-3 / 4 cups of the night (carminative).

Outer: in the form of compresses, washes, plasters, bath as a soothing, emollient and soothing.Done decoction or infusion of 20 g per 200 ml.

Ointment: 1 part of the condensed broth into 4 parts butter or petroleum jelly.

Some women claim that sweet clover, mixed equally with flowers mother and stepmother and boiled (1 tbsp. Tablespoon per cup of boiling water), it helps with the inflammation of the ovaries, cancer, metabolic disorders and psychoses (3-4 tablespoons. Spoons 5 timesin a day).Duration of treatment is 2-3 weeks.It is recommended complete abstinence from sexual activity.

Take clover only under medical supervision: incorrect dosage causes vomiting, drowsiness and headache, and sometimes - liver damage and bleeding.