Useful and therapeutic properties of Datura ordinary ( smelly )
Annual herb up to 1 m in height.Taproot branched.Stems are erect, Ville-chato-branching.The leaves are alternate, petiolate, ovate, krupnovyemchatozubchatye, with pointed apex.Flowers solitary, terminal or axillary, large, white, fragrant.Corolla and calyx gamophyllous, five-membered.Fruit - capsule chetyrehgnezdnaya, reveal
ing four wings, covered with spines.Seeds many, kidney-shaped, black.Flowers in June-August.
grows on fallow lands near the property, on the littered places, along roads, on vacant lots and gardens.Distributed in the central and southern bands of European Russia, the Caucasus, Altai and Central Asia.
Fresh plant has an unpleasant, intoxicating smell, if it is touched.
With the purpose of treatment used leaves and seeds, sometimes the tops of the plants.The leaves are harvested during the flowering and seed - in the autumn of ripe fruit.Shelf life of raw materials 2 years.
The leaves of Datura ordinary contained mainly alkaloid glostsiamin (up 0.5%), as well as scopolamine and a
drugs dope leaves have a calming effect on the central nervous system due to their contained scopolamine.In addition, they have antispasmodic effect, contribute to a decrease in the secretory function of the glandular system and are used mainly in asthmatic bronchitis, bronchial asthma and laryngospasm (consisting astmotola, astmotina, fees and cigarette smoking).
Scopolamine is used as a sedative mentally ill, Parkinsonism, in preparation for surgical anesthesia with morphine;Scopolamine is part of the "Aeron" tablets consumed against seasickness and attacks of Meniere's disease.
In folk medicine, dope used as a sedative for asthma, neuralgia, neurasthenia, spasms and convulsions, whooping cough, whooping cough, the painful drowsiness, chorea, epilepsy, the constant and persistent hiccups.Give the children have "fright" (how many years - as seeds);seeds infused vodka drink with paralysis, spasmodic abdominal pain, shortness of breath and a strong cough, when
various pain (gynecological, neurological, rheumatic) and some others. Diseases in apizme (painful and prolonged tension of the penis without sexual desire- excitation) and nymphomania (excessive sexual desire in women).Broth flowers drink in epilepsy, angina pectoris.This plant - a radical remedy for the partial loss of the uterus and colon (sitz baths, douches, enemas), as well as the long flowing rheumatism.
When inflammation eye make lotions from broth or diluted tincture of datura.
As anesthetic plant used for severe pain (cramps) in the stomach.
Broth for inhalation 20 g per 200 ml of boiling water;inhale through the nose for 15-20 minutes.
decoction bath: 20 g per bucket of water.
Tincture: 20 g or 1 part of crushed seeds per 5 parts of alcohol;inhale through the nose for 15-20 minutes.Inside: 2 drops to 2 tbsp.spoons of water;take 4-5 times a day.
eyewash: decoction or diluted tincture, 1-2 teaspoons per glass of water.
Powder from dried leaves: take penknife tip, not more than 0.1 g reception and 0.3 grams per day (orally).
During asthmatic attacks the good effect gives a few small puffs of cigarettes made from dried leaves of Datura and sage.