Useful and therapeutic properties of medicinal angelica

August 12, 2017 17:59 | Drug Plants

Biennial large herb, 1-2 m tall. Rhizome thick, short, striated with numerous adventitious roots.Stem rounded, thick, erect, hollow.The leaves are large and swollen vaginas double- or trizhdyperistye plate, lower - petiolate, upper - sessile;leaves rounded, oblong or elliptic, 2-3-lobed, krupnopilchatye, below gray-green.The flowers are white or yellowish-green in complex umbrellas.Umbrellas are large, multi-path, with fluffy rays.Fruit - dvusemyanki.It blooms from May to September.

grows in the swamps, near the shores of rivers, lakes, forests in ravines, on flood plains and wet locations.

should not be mixed with medicinal angelica Angelica sylvestris.The latter woody roots, leaf sheaths flattened, smell unpleasant.

Medical raw material is a rhizome with roots.Digging up the rhizomes in the fall of the first year of vegetation in the spring or the second (best in spring), washed with water, cleaned of stalks, and dried in a ventilated area or under a canopy.Ready raw material - rhizomes are reddish

brown or gray, ringed, with a smooth fracture and bumpy or wrinkled roots, smell fragrant.

angelica roots and rhizomes contain a resin (6%), essential oil (1%), wax, tannin and others.

In medical practice, angelica roots and rhizomes are used as a tincture (1:10) as a means ofenhances the secretion of bile and others. digestive juices, as well as a diuretic.The roots and rhizomes of Angelica are part of the diuretic collection.There are indications of angelica tonic effect on the cardiovascular and central nervous system.

In folk medicine, angelica is recommended for indigestion, loss of appetite, intestinal atony, flatulence.Also, used as a diuretic, diaphoretic and expectorant, and as a tonic in neurasthenia and others. Nervous system diseases (hysteria, epilepsy, insomnia), indigestion (with sweet flag root and oak bark).A decoction of the root is drunk gastritis, diarrhea;flowering herb decoction taken in inflammation of the airways, with an epidemic of epidemic diseases (typhoid fever, scarlet fever, cholera, measles), rubbed them with rheumatism.Outwardly recommended tincture on alcohol for rubbing in gout, rheumatism, back pain.

addition, angelica is used in alcoholic beverage industry in the manufacture of liqueurs.


Infusion: 15 g per 200 ml;take 1 tbsp.spoonful every three hours (choleretic).1 tbsp.spoon to make a glass of boiling water, to insist 20 minutes, strain through cheesecloth.Take 1 tbsp.spoon 3-4 times a day (a diuretic) or 1/2 cup 3-4 times a day.

Baths with angelica are used in nervous excitement and hysteria.