Useful and therapeutic properties of ginseng

August 12, 2017 17:59 | Drug Plants

Perennial herb up to 50-70 cm tall.Root fleshy, cylindrical, branching often bizarre, fragrant.Stem thin green, leafy.The leaves in a whorl at the top of the stem dlinnochereshkovye, palchatoslozhnye, their number - 2-5;lower leaves petiolate smaller upper, oval with pointed tip and wedge-shaped base, margin serrulate.Flowers amount from 5-16 pink, rarely white, in terminal umbrella.Fruit bright red, dvusemyanny.Flowers in July.Fruiting in September.

grows in virgin broad-leaved, coniferous forests, in collaboration with the Korean cedar.Grows singly, sometimes forms of "family" to 100 plants and more.It grows in the Far East.Introduced to the culture.

Medical raw material is the root of the plant from the age of 5 years.

Ginseng root contains a number of physiologically active substances, in particular glycosides: panaksaponin, pas nokvilon, panaksozidy A and B, ginzenin referring, apparently, also to glycosides, panaxic acid (a mixture of palmitic, stearic, oleic and lenolevoy acids)et al., vitamins

B1 and B2, ascorbic acid, phosphoric acid, iron, and manganese.In addition, the root

contains resinous substances, starch, fatty oil fi-tosterin, pectin, cane sugar.

roots of wild and cultivated ginseng used in fresh and canned - sugar.Often used in combination with antlers and other medicinal plants.

effect of ginseng on the body is due to its stimulating effect on the cortex and subcortical brain education.

Ginseng improves the strength and mobility of the basic cortical processes, enhances the positive conditioned reflexes, facilitates the development of conditioned reflexes and strengthens the differentiation.

established that drugs are the root of a beneficial effect on blood picture, increased gas exchange, stimulate tissue respiration (especially the brain), increase the amplitude and reduce the heart rate;accelerate the healing of wounds and ulcers.Ginseng Extract, ingested, increases the secretion of bile, the concentration of bilirubin in it and bile acids, increases the sensitivity of the human eye in the dark adaptation.He is the most powerful agent of the central nervous system, by the action of a superior mixture of pro-Zerin with fenominom;unlike the latter does not have the Phase actions and adverse consequences, does not violate sleep, increases efficiency in terms of night waking, and so. d.

The beneficial effects of ginseng on the body is explained by the content of biologically active substances.Thus, glycoside panaksaponinu credited with stimulating effect, the glycoside has also the property to tone the heart and blood vessels.Panaxic acid actively influence the metabolism.Panacea has an analgesic and sedative action of the nerve centers.Panakvilon stimulates the endocrine apparatus.Ginzenin regulates carbohydrate metabolism, causes a decrease in blood sugar levels and an increase in the formation of glycogen.

Reception ginseng root is accompanied by an increase in the physical, mental performance,

increase in body weight, feeling better, sleep, appetite, mood.Unlike other stimulants, such as amphetamine, when receiving no adverse effects of ginseng.

In scientific medicine ginseng is used as a tonic for hypertension, physical and mental fatigue, after heavy prolonged illness, impotence, reduced working capacity, lack of appetite, functional disorders of the cardiovascular system, sexual dysfunction, especially in hypogonadal, diabetes, neuromuscular-psihicheskih diseases functional nature, such as: neuroses, neurasthenia, psychasthenia.Also shown are the drugs of ginseng for chronic hypo- and anatsidngh gastritis.Taking these drugs contributes to a more rapid recovery of the functional state of the liver at Botkin's disease.

In Russia, allowed to use a 10% alcohol tincture and powder of ginseng root.

prescribers inside before a meal.Tincture take 15-25 drops 3 times a day, powder - 0.3 by 0.25 g of 3 times a day.

When receiving ginseng preparations should be remembered that these doses are average and depending on the individual characteristics of the patient and the nature of the disease may be increased or decreased.

the treatment of ginseng is recommended to appoint half the dose in the first 10 days.If repeated courses of treatment the dose can not be reduced.In the absence of treatment effect ginseng dose should be increased according to the individual characteristics and condition of the patient.Treatment should be courses for at least 30-40 is recommended to 2-3 courses of treatment for more stable effect, and in some cases even more.Breaks between courses - 2-3 weeks.


Root weighing 40-50 g pour cold boiled water, sweetened with sugar, for 3-4 hours, cut, opus

tit in 0.5 liters of 40 ° alcohol and insist 17-20 days in a dark place.Taken once a day, 30 minutes before meals, 10 mL, not with water.Drunk amount of alcohol topped up within 2 weeks.The course of treatment - 90 days, with two breaks of 10 days.Such treatment can be repeated only after a year.

case of overdose and very long-term course of treatment without interruption observed side effects in the form of headaches, insomnia, palpitations, and others.

ginseng root is credited with the ability to prolong life and youth, which is why some people recommend to use it healthy persons, starting from 40years of age.Chinese doctors believe that ginseng increases the immunobiological properties of the organism and the long-term use anti-inflammatory effect.

In folk medicine, Chinese ginseng is used in combination with others. Agents in the treatment of tuberculosis, rheumatism, diabetes, and as an expectorant in certain diseases of the bronchi, while exhausting night sweats, hemoptysis, anemia, hysteria, general prostration, and many other diseases.

in Korea with the purpose of treatment used leaves and ginseng for faster healing of wounds and ulcers.

growing and cultivated in North America ginseng pyatilistny, and in Japan - creeping ginseng have a similar, but much less pronounced effect.


a 50% tincture: 15-25 drops 3 times a day for half an hour before meals.

powder: 1 powder (0.25 g) 3 times a day for 20 to 30 minutes before a meal.