Useful and therapeutic properties of centaury umbrella ( Centaurus )
Biennial naked plant to 40 cm tall.Stem single or multiple, top branched, four-sided.Leaves radical in the socket, lanceolate-egg-eminent;stem - elliptically -prodolgovatye, whole, tselnokraynie, with five veins.The flowers are bright pink in corymbose-paniculate inflorescence - dichasia.Fruit - an oblong box.Flowers in June-August.
grows in flood plains, along river banks, among shrubs, on fallow lands, fields and roadside ditches.The plant is widespread in the non-chernozem zone of Russia.
In folk medicine, it is called Centaurus grass.A similar view - centaury beautiful - found in meadows, also be collected.It is characterized by low height (15 cm), stems branching from the base, and smaller flowers.
Medical raw material is a herb that is collected at the beginning of flowering with basal leaves.Raw material is bound in bundles, and air dried in the shade or in a well ventilated area.The smell is not, taste bitter.Shelf life of raw materials 2 years.
gentsiamin alkaloid contained in the plant, has
centaury is used as the bitterness that stimulates the secretion and motility of the digestive up
Paraty, stimulates appetite, is used to improve digestion and revitalize intestinal motility, as well as providing myagkoslabitelnoe action.
applied at ahilii stomach, constipation, flatulence, heartburn, liver diseases, inadequate secretion of bile.
In folk medicine, herb centaury is widely used as a means of improving digestion in the gastro-intestinal diseases, gastritis with increased secretion of gastric contents, heartburn, constipation, flatulence in the intestine, liver and biliary tract, vomiting as antihelminthic atdiseases of the lungs (pulmonary tuberculosis - drunk as a tea), heart, headache, anemia, as a means of restoring power after diseases associated with prolonged severe fever, jaundice, malaria, diabetes, some parasitic infestations and alcoholism.
Tincture 25% -I: 15-20 drops 3 times a day for 30 minutes before eating.
Broth 1: 10-15 g per 200 ml;1 tbsp.spoon 3 times a day 30 minutes before meals.
Infusion: 3 g of grass to fill in 0.5 liters of boiling water, leave for 10-15 minutes, strain and take 1-1.5 hours before meals (daily dose).
Broth 2: mixture centaury, everlasting and tansy equally;15 g of a mixture of 200 ml of boiling water;drink 1 tbsp.spoon 3 times a day, are also used in small worms in the cecum.
powder: pulverized grass centaury designate 2.1 g several times a day.
Infusion: 1 hour spoonful of herb per cup of boiling water, insist 10 minutes and drink 1/4 cup 3 times a day..