Useful and therapeutic properties of figs ( fig tree )

August 12, 2017 17:59 | Drug Plants

Figs (fig tree, fig) (Ficus carica L.) - tree with spreading crown and large leaves.Monoecious or dioecious deciduous tree or branched shrub with smooth light gray bark and mlechnikami in all organs.Leaves alternate or opposite, simple, large, petiolate, entire or lobed.The flowers are unisexual, sitting in the cavity or fleshy pear sprawling inflorescence axis.Male flowers 2-6-lobed with 2-6 stamens;Perianth of female flowers five-blade, ovary unilocular.Female inflorescences - figs, men - kaprifigi.Fruit - small, numerous nuts, figs prisoners inside.The flowers are collected in inflorescence stems of which are developing, which, depending on the varieties have a spherical, pear-shaped or flat shape.In figs depending on the variety are green, yellow, reddish, brown or black.Weight of about 30, under the thin skin stems tender flesh.


Currently, wild figs found in the Crimea, the Caucasus and parts of Central Asia.

Figs - an ancient plant in the Crimea and the Caucasus figs brought Genoese, wh

ere it occurs in the wild there and cultivars bred.

botanical characteristics

Monoecious tree 7-10 m tall with gray and wide spreading crown.Leaves large, alternate, three-five lobes, dark green, bottom - bright, pubescent, with a peculiar odor.The flowers are collected in inflorescence, which develops seedheads having in spherical depending on the variety, pear-shaped or flat shape.Stems are covered with a thin skin, which is slightly torn off, exposing the soft flesh.Blossoms in April-May, the fruits ripen in August-October.


With the purpose of treatment using the fruits, leaves, bark and roots.Fruits are harvested in August-October, the leaves - in April and May, the roots - in the spring and autumn.

chemical composition

Medicinal raw materials are the fruits collected at maturity.Use multiple fruits - figs.Fig stems are very valuable, that is to contain a lot of sugar: fresh - 12,8-20,3%, vyalenye- 56,6- 62.9% (dry weight), and some sort of Azerbaijan, to 71%..quite a lot of protein and vitamins, a lot of potassium salt (1161 mg%), calcium (227 mg%), magnesium (117 mg%), and others. The fruits contain pectin, cellulose, organic acids, vitamins C, B1, B6, B12, RR, carotene, pantothenic and folic acid, potassium lot (1,161 mg%) 263% mg phosphorus, 227 mg% calcium, 117 mg% magnesium, iron, enzymes.

In addition, fruits contain plant enzyme ficin, with the properties fibrinolizina and enzyme lipodiastaze a similar, weakly acting horoscho neutral and acidic medium, amylase and protease.

Useful properties

Due to the high potassium content it is useful for cardiovascular diseases, should also be noted that the enzyme ficin is used in vascular blood clots.Fresh figs help with anemia.Recommend to use figs in urolithiasis as increases the excretion of urine, as well as a laxative.A decoction of figs in milk or water is drunk with bronchitis and tracheitis, in diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract, gastritis and constipation.Externally a decoction is used as a gargle for sore throat, cough, hoarseness, and in the form of lotions with flux, abscesses, and if the boil to make fresh fruit or soaked, then this process will accelerate.

Pharmacological properties

Figs diuretic, mild laxative, emollient, expectorant, enveloping, antiseptic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory actions.

Application in Medicine

figs fruits are due to the presence of ficin use for the treatment of thromboembolic diseases and due to the large amount of sugar and potassium are useful suffering from diseases of the cardiovascular system.Figs, cooked in milk, is used as a therapeutic agent in acute catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, tracheitis, bronchitis, bronchiectasis.It is used as a therapeutic agent in acute catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, bronchitis, bronchiectasis, anemia, diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract, tracheitis.A decoction or fig jam it is recommended as a diaphoretic and antipyretic agents.The broth is used as enteritis and enterocolitis, dysentery.

In folk medicine, figs, in addition, it is recommended for gastritis, chronic constipation, as well as to improve the composition of the blood, as an expectorant and diuretic, indicated a beneficial effect on the figs with nephrolithiasis.Give children against whooping cough and as a tasty nutritious means.For this purpose, the fruit is boiled in milk and drink without dosage.

decoction of figs and jam made from dried figs coffee substitute possess diaphoretic and antipyretic action and have a beneficial effect when laryngitis, tracheitis and bronchitis.

fruits have disinfectant properties, so people are often consumed as a tincture for rinsing and colds, boils, inflammation of the mucous membranes, they are particularly useful for external application in cancer (hinder the development of the disease).

better to use fresh fruits, but useful and dried;applying poultices to previously have a long float them in butter.


Broth ripe figs: put in an enamel bowl, grind it, pour 2 cups of boiling milk and simmer for 20 minutes.Strain and take cup 2-4 times a day with kidney disease and urinary tract infections, kidney stones and anemia.

extract of ripe figs: 2-3 to take the fruit, put them in an enamel bowl, chop and place in oven for 6 hours to obtain a dark brown slurry with fragrant smell and pleasant taste.Eat 100 g 1 times a day (in the morning on an empty stomach).It has a mild diuretic effect.Patients with decompensated urination cardiovascular system increases to 50%.

decoction of stems of figs: brew 1 cup boiling milk (or water) 2 tbsp.l.dry aggregate fruits ( "figs"), to insist, wrapped, for 2 hours, drain.Apply into 100 ml 2-4 times a day with gastritis, constipation, or use store figs virtually impossible for gargling with angine.V fresh, so it podvyalivayut and lightly pressed.

The dried figs acquires a beautiful color and becomes tastier.From figs cook jam, compotes.Figs served with tea.

fig jam

Curd mousse with figs


Candy "Cheerfulness"



The figs are high in fiber, so figs should not be abused in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, and because of the sugar -in diabetes.The fruits of up to 100 mg% oxalic acid, and therefore it is contraindicated in gout.