Useful and therapeutic properties of cassia ( Senna ), narrow-leaved
and aquifolium (senna)
cultivated in South India.Motherland - Africa.Senna - wood or shrubs.Leaves are complex, paripinnate of 5-7 pairs of leaflets.Leaflets quadrangular, broadly, anisoplural, SHORT-kochereshkovye.The flowers are quite large, golden-yellow, less often white or pink, with 5 5 sepal and petals, stamens many.Fruit - Bob mesh, wide and short, very flat and pereponchatosuhoy, the set-gosemyanny (pod).
Both species differ in the shape of leaves and bean size.The first type has leaves a long and narrow, 2.5-6 cm long and 1.2 cm wide, the leaves of another species - about 2.3 cm in length and about 1 cm wide.The first type of beans are slightly larger.
growing in the countries situated on the shores of the Red Sea and East Africa.
Medicinal raw materials are leaves, known as senna, and less beans;senna sold in pharmacies.
Leaves and fruits contain a mixture of derivatives of hydroxy-methylanthraquinone and their glycosides, a total of 0.8 to 1.2%.There kaempferol and some other flavones-i
in scientific medicine products from the plant are used as a laxative.The laxative effect of senna
due antraglikozidy that under the influence of digestive enzymes and the bacterial flora of the small intestine break down to form emerfona and CXR-zofanovoy acid.The last few irritate mucosa and colon without increasing secretion, increase its motor activity.Effect occurs (depending on the concentration of the infusion or tincture) of about 6-12 hours.
In medical practice senna is of great importance as a laxative, a painkiller in the gastro-intestinal diseases, for intestinal function regulation (chronic atonic constipation, constipation during pregnancy, as well as to soften the stool with anal fissures) and is very useful in cases,when it is necessary to clean the intestines painless.
With prolonged use of senna drug addiction develops them, weakening their therapeutic effect.It is therefore advisable to alternate preparations of senna with other laxatives.
Assign senna as an infusion of the leaves (1:10), the Viennese drink.Alexandria sheet is part of a complex of licorice powder, prescribed to patients with hemorrhoids.Its composition: senna - 2 parts licorice root - 2 parts fennel seeds (powder) - 1 part of purified sulfur - and 1 part sugar (preferably crushed in the form of flour) - 4 parts.The powder is greenish-yellow in color.Use it as a laxative diluted with water: adults teaspoon and children - a quarter teaspoon in the morning on an empty stomach...
sale in pharmacies laxative tea number 2. It 3 parts leaf Alexandria , 2 parts of buckthorn bark, fruits zhostera 2 parts, 1 part anise seeds and 1 part of licorice root.1 tbsp.a spoonful of tea brewed in one cup of boiling water, insist 30 minutes and take the night in one step.
Chinese doctors prescribe drugs senna in small doses in the form of decoctions and infusions as a means to improve appetite and digestion, edema, oligomenorrhea, glaucoma.Externally - with conjunctivitis and certain skin diseases.
Infusion: 10 g per 150 ml, incubated 6 h times in the infusion syrup is added rhubarb root - 30 g (2 tbsp.)..Take an infusion or a mixture of 1 tbsp.spoon morning and at night.
Tincture 30% -s: 1 tbsp.spoon.
Broth: 1 tbsp.spoon in a glass, make a tea, to insist 30 minutes, drain.Take the night of 1 / 2- 1 cup (laxative).