Useful and therapeutic properties kolyuchelistnika ( kolyuchnika )
Biennial, rarely perennial plant with thick fleshy root rod, but without the stem.The above-ground part consists of a plurality of notched on both edges spiny leaves arranged in a rosette of 40-50 cm in diameter, in the middle of which there is a large inflorescences - a basket with a diameter of 10-12 cm;on the flat bottom of the basket attached perfectly well located numerous tubular flowers.Instead, the cup has lots of hairs around the flower.Corolla of 5 petals;stamens - 5, fused their anthers, at the base of which there are villous processes;pestle with lower ovary.Fruit - achene (Aachen) with feathery crest on top.The overwrap baskets consists of spiny, smaller leaves.It blooms from July to September.
occurs on dry grassy terrain in the foothills and low mountain parts at altitudes above 1000 m.
roots are used with medicinal purposes.The root contains 1-2% essential oil, tannins, resinous substances, 12-18% of insulin and others.
essential oil has antibacterial properties.Appointed as a diuret
Raw materials used in the form of a tincture 1:10 15-20 drops 2-3 times a day, and water infusion: 15-30 g of crushed dried root poured 0.5 liters of boiling water (the dose for 2 days).
Inside are also powder from the root of 2-3 times per day on the tip of a knife.For topical
washing broth is prepared as follows: 50 g of chopped root is boiled for 30 minutes with 0.5 l of water and vinegar.
In the Bulgarian folk medicine prescribed root kolyuchelistnika for many diseases in the form of decoction: as a diuretic in dropsy, colds, inflammation and pain in the kidneys and bladder, hemorrhoids, skin rashes, herpes on the skin, intestinal worms and tapeworm,nervous exhaustion, loss of strength, seizures, and others.