Useful and therapeutic properties of mullein skipetrovogo ( king's candle, royal scepter , the bear 's ear )
Biennial herbaceous plant voylochnoopushennoe.Taproot subramose.Stem erect, unbranched, up to 2 m in height.Leaves simple, alternate, nizbegayushie, oblong.Rosette formed in the first year of growth of plants, consisting of oblong-lanceolate leaves stalked.Flowers stem correct, five-membered, yellow.Calyx quinquepartite;corolla tube with a five-bladed limb, five stamens free, including the top three shorter, woolly;Pestle with top ovary and stigma spatulate decurrent.Inflorescence - dense apical brush.Fruit - obratnoyayievidnaya, gustoopushen Nye box.It blooms from June to August, the seeds ripen in August-October.
grows in the forest and steppe zones of European Russia, the Urals, the Caucasus, Siberia, Central Asia, in open places, mainly on sandy soil, on dry, dry, forest and steppe meadows, rocky and sandy slopes, cliffs riverabout roads.
From drug to use beaters are easily separated, collected at the beginning of flowering.Corollas of flowers are collected only in dry, clear weather.Collected beat
addition corolla flowers in people with drug to use apex (grass) and mullein seeds, prefer the darker tones of color mullein.Dried leaves of stocking at the same time as the flowers.Ready-to-storage leaves outwardly worse fresh - such as greenish gray and felt.they have no smell, taste slimy, slightly bitter.
In scientific medicine, infusion of the corolla of mullein (1:10) is used as an astringent, emollient and expectorant.Assign it in catarrh of the respiratory tract, bronchitis, cough, dyspnea and even pulmonary tuberculosis.
In addition, dried flowers bear ear consists of a mixture of plant products, used to prepare the tea chest, relieves some colds.
In folk medicine used successfully more widely;for example, in diseases of the lungs and respiratory tract, accompanied by abundant formation of sputum, as a coating and an expectorant, with sore throat, bronchitis, asthma, emphysema, colds, heart disease, nervous system disorders, dysentery or spasmodic diarrhea (as enveloping and analgesicmeans), gastric catarrh (relieves pain), kidney, liver, spleen, jaundice, exhaustion, or the so-called internal hemorrhoids closed;when diathesis bathe the children and give them a drink, bathe children, poorly gaining weight;decoction of herbs is given to children with epilepsy, headaches drink, women and sexually transmitted diseases.Outwardly do lotions on wounds and ointment, made from mullein seed powder, used in the putrid wounds or ulcers.Better decoction for the treatment of skin diseases use both inside.
Flowering Mullein leafy tops, collected at the initial flowering period, is used as an analgesic, antispasmodic agent in hypertension, atherosclerosis, and inflammation of the respiratory organs.
Fresh leaves of mullein, cooked in milk, it is recommended to apply topically in the form of applications to the affected areas as a painkiller for burns, and hemorrhoids felon.
Mullein Root, finely sliced into slices and dried, - an excellent diuretic, useful when pochech-no-stone disease and gout.Prepared in the form of a decoction of the root, which must be taken on an empty stomach in the morning, afternoon
between meals for 125-225 grams per day.The whole plant is in the form of broth - a remedy for intestinal worms in cattle.
Broth: 10 g per 200 ml in conjunction with flowers mallow forest, mallow or wood, and leaves his mother and stepmother equally - for gargling.
powder from it effective for cracked nipples in nursing mothers.Previously they have to wet the carrot juice.
Broth: 15 g of flowers, 20 g of leaves for 1 liter of boiling water as an anti-inflammatory, emollient, soothing and mild laxative.
Infusion: 1 tablespoon.spoon of dried mullein flowers boiled for 10 minutes in a glass of water, ostuzhivayut, filter and drink 1 tbsp.spoon 4-5 times a day, or 5 g of flowers on
1 cup of boiling water, take the form of heat in 1 / 3- 1/2 cup 2-3 times a day.
Mullen black is also used as a decoction for nervous disorders, epilepsy, diarrhea.Flowers drink edema as a tea.
Infusion with catarrh of the stomach and intestines, liver and spleen disorders: 30 g of flowers for 1 liter of boiling water.Take 50 ml per hour.