Useful and therapeutic properties of nettle
Urtica urens (stinging nettle) - small annual species of nettle.In folk medicine, a decoction of the leaves and roots is taken orally for prolonged and heavy menstruation, hemorrhoids, diabetes and nervous seizures (epilepsy, hysteria), externally used for baths edema, wounds, diaper rash, bruises.
Monoecious annual plant with erect branched stems.The leaves are ovate-elliptic, nadrezannopilchatye, covered with stinging hairs.The flowers are small green, collected in spicate (no drooping) inflorescence.Externally similar to the nettle, but differs by smaller leaves and less growth (up to 60 cm).
Distribution is similar to the nettle.More common in the forest-steppe zone, near houses.
Medical raw material is the entire plant (individual herbs and roots, sometimes mixed).
Like nettle, contains a lot of chlorophyll and volatile production.The drugs nettle is similar to the nettle.In folk medicine, they are used for the same disease: whooping cough, as styptic and diuretic, hives and neurological dis
Decoction in the milk drink with vomiting and stomach pains.The infusion of the roots drink in the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis, jaundice and kidney stone disease.
decoction of the roots and leaves drunk for digestive problems and diarrhea, constipation.
roots, infused vodka, used for toothache and as a rub for rheumatism;In addition, fresh grass (sometimes the entire plant) is used as a means of irritating and distracting radiculitis and diseases joints - for this purpose is commonly used plant juice.
Effective expectorant and antispastic effect of aqueous infusion of stinging nettles in a mixture with wild rosemary in bronchial asthma without pronounced emphysema.
In Tibetan medicine nettle is considered a means of treatment of chronic gastroenteritis.
For therapeutic purposes, nettle leaves are harvested during the flowering period - in June and July.The blank grass and leaves produce a neat, better than gloves, and dried in the open air in the shade (in attics or under the eaves).Keep in mind that dried nettles lose some nutrients.
collected parts of the plant can also be frozen or suspended.For this leaves just collected are washed, finely cut, put in a container and prepared put in the freezer.
for preservation of the plants collected are washed, chopped and tightly laid in a pre-sterilized jars.During installation nettles pressed her to give juice.When the bank is full, it is sealed and removed for storage in a dark and cool place.
nettle roots are dug in spring, before the flowering period, or in the autumn, after it is purified from the ground and dried in the open air or in the oven at temperatures up to 40 ° C.
Most of the time all the first association with the word "nettle"associated with pain and light and are not positive.And the scientific name "urtika" comes from the Latin "unsere", which means "to burn", talks about the main characteristics of this plant.
Let's still look closely at this weed.Take in one hand a strong magnifying glass, and the other, gently, nettle leaf.We can assure you - you will see a lot of interesting.Entire sheet is seated transparent hairs-bottles, each of which is filled with transparent content, which includes formic acid.And there is a small round head at the end of this storage.It is very fragile.At the slightest contact with anything and the head breaks off the tip of the bottle edge pierces the skin and the wound gets its contents.At the site of the "bite" there burning, pain, redness and itching, rash then appears that in medicine called - "urticaria".And if a dozen or several dozen bites!Status is not pleasant.That is why, perhaps, each of us remembers the first meeting for a long time as a child with such beauty and tries to continue to avoid, if possible, the new appointments.
In nature there are many varieties of this burning grass.And the bites of some species may be deadly to humans, fortunately, this kind on the territory of Russia is not grows.The most common species of this family in our country are the nettle and stinging nettle, the drug in the official medicine is recognized as a first.But in folk medicine peculiar differences do not recognize.Ogorodniki find the nettles malicious weed and try to get rid of it on their farmlands in any way.
Nettle - a weed, but it grows on fertile, fairly loose soils, preferring some shade and plenty of moisture.Stinging nettle is able to produce more per season 10,000 seeds, which do not lose germination for two years, but it turned out to be a relative of burning more prolific: 22 000 seeds in one summer - is the average result nettle .
Externally, these plants are very similar to each other.But without a doubt, two different species.Nettle - a perennial plant, and burning - annual.Secondly, nettle nettle - dioecious plant, and forms thickets or only male or only female individuals.During flowering - and it happens more often during the summer - a male, small, only about 2 mm, nondescript flowers wind carries pollen to neighboring thickets female plants.The nature of this process typically occurs early in the morning, with first light.The flowers are in female plants such as small and inconspicuous, but their tops towering furry, gentle stigma to which and into wind-borne pollen from neighboring thicket.Fruiting this kind from July until late autumn.But stinging nettle - a plant monoecious, that has male and female flowers are on the same plant.It blooms this kind of nettle in June-August, and fruiting from July to September.
With gardeners no one argues, nettle - a weed.
Medicinal raw materials are leaves, roots and seeds of nettles.
leaves harvested in early summer - June, when the plant starts to bloom.Dry them in the shade under a canopy, in the attic with good ventilation, spreading on paper or tissue layer no thicker than 3 cm. Drying in the sun is prohibited, as it leads to discoloration of the raw material and quality loss.Allowed artificial drying at a temperature of 40-50 ° C.
Output dry raw material about 20% of freshly.After drying, all the raw materials are sorted out, removing the yellowed, browned and blackened leaves and impurities.Shelf life of raw materials for two years, but the best medicine to harvest annually.Keep recommended in glass or cans.
rhizomes are harvested in the fall, when they dig up and washed in running water and dried.The seeds are collected in process of maturing - dried plant tops, and then threshed.Harvest can and stalks nettle, for use in the preparation of baths.Used in folk medicine, fresh juice and nettle.
Nettle is rich in chlorophyll (about 5%), also found strong volatile (natural antibiotic), steroids, histamine, organic acids, including formic acid.In the nettles, especially spring, a lot of vitamin C (200 mg%), carotene (50%), as well as vitamins B and C. The seeds of nettles to 32% fatty oils.This weed is found plenty of essential micronutrients for humans - iron, copper, manganese, boron, nickel.