Useful and therapeutic properties of alder buckthorn , olhovidnoy
shrub or small tree 1.5-3 m tall, with smooth, gray, young branches - reddish bark with Cheche
entrant (white spots).Leaves are alternate, entire, hairless, stalked, with a pointed apex, goal-nokraynie.The flowers are small, green, in loose bunches are collected in the axils of the leaves.Fruit - drupe black with a few bones.Blossoms in May-July.
Medical raw material is the bark from young branches (not older than 3 years) with a thickness of 0.5 cm, collected in early spring (March-April) before the sap flow and appearance of the leaves.In folk medicine, is sometimes used to collect "berries" - shiny black drupes with two bones.
Consume cortex after 1-2 years of storage time or heating at a temperature of 100 degrees.Dried bark in the air or in attics.Shelf-life 5 years.
The bark of buckthorn brittle contained antraglyukozidy, anthraquinone derivatives, most of which is frangulin, organic acids (hrizofanovaya and Franc-drones), emodin, izoemodin, anthranol et al.
Antraglyukozidy buckthorn, when introduced into the body under the influence of digestive enzymes are destroyed withrelease of the active principles (hrozo-emodin and the sewer acid) and contribute to enhancement of peristalsis of the large intestine, the remaining parts do not irritate the intestinal mucosa.Therefore, buckthorn bark is myagkodeystvuyuschim laxative.According to its influence is similar to the action of senna and rhubarb.
Apply buckthorn as a laxative for nezhnodeystvuyuschee atonic constipation, spastic colitis, and constipation during pregnancy, as well as to soften the stool with rectal fissures, hemorrhoids and so on. D.
Buckthorn is administered as a decoction of the bark (1:10), liquidand thick extract and Frangulov drug.Effect occurs within 8-10 hours after administration, therefore, tend to be applied buckthorn overnight.
In folk medicine, as well as in science, a decoction of the bark and fruit infused vodka, drink a laxative;dysentery;sugar for diseases of the stomach, gastric ulcer;bark is used as a laxative in typhoid
fever, liver disease, hemorrhoids and fever;externally - with scabies in children (decoction wash the body) - an effective tool.
bark decoction: 20 g per 200 ml, and sometimes a 500 ml;boil for 30 minutes;1 teaspoon (sometimes 1 tbsp.).;Individual readings.
bark tincture 30% -I: 25 drops 3 times a day.
Broth: 1 tablespoon.a spoonful of shredded bark pour 1 cup boiling water, boil 20 minutes, drain the water in ostuzhennoy.Take 1/2 cup at night and in the morning (laxative).
Powder "berries" (three year old) at a dose of 0.2 to 0.5 g (on the tip of a pen knife) 3 times a day for diarrhea, anemia, edema (and you can broth).
Broth 2: 20 g bark 0.5 liters of water.Cook for 15 minutes.Drink per day in 5-6 receptions for chronic constipation, liver tumors, hemorrhoids.The dose is determined individually.