Useful and therapeutic properties of filbert ( hazelnut )

August 12, 2017 17:59 | Drug Plants

hazel (hazel) - shrub 3-7 m tall with gray rounded shoots.The leaves are alternate, rather large, rounded or obovate, with a short on the top edge, heart-shaped base, at the edge of bidentate and furthermore, on top of multiple large teeth, slightly pubescent, dark-green, bottom lighter.Fruit - a well-known brownish-yellow walnut sitting in the bell-green cupule.

Widespread in the undergrowth of mixed and deciduous forests.It grows throughout the European part of the country, as well as Ukraine and the Caucasus.

Medicinal raw materials are the fruits (nuts), leaves and bark of stems.

Fruits hazel contains 62,1-71,6% fat, protein 14,4-18,4%, 2.2-2.6% nitrogen.Peanut butter is composed of unsaturated fatty acids: oleic, linoleic, myristic, palmitic, stearic.The leaves contain 0.04% essential oils and glycosides miritsitrozid and bark - essential oils and tannins, flobafeny, ligtserinovy ​​alcohol betulin.

Application The present composition fruit important substances, namely: protein, fat and vitam

ins.Protein serves as a fortifying agent.Unsaturated fatty acids reduce cholesterol levels and increase the phospholipid content of blood.Therefore, chemicals nuts contribute to improve metabolism.

believed that the disease atherosclerosis, a major role is played by a violation of cholesterol and protein metabolism.Cholesterol lowering by the action of nuts oil occurs upon binding of bile acids, fatty acids contained in the oil.In addition, the nut oil has a laxative and choleretic action.

combination of three factors: the increase in bile secretion, accelerate the movement of the food supply and enhanced binding of cholesterol in the intestine in unsaturated fatty acids - creates the most natural physiological conditions for the removal of cholesterol from the body.

Nuts are very useful for the treatment and prevention of atherosclerosis and its consequences - heart attack and brain.It is believed that the fruits of hazelnut are just a treat.Do not forget about their healing effects in the prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis, which ranks first among the diseases of the cardiovascular system.

essential oil and others. Components hazel bark have antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and vasoconstrictor effects.It is recommended instead of the well-known imported raw hamamelisa with varicose veins, periflebita, shin ulcers and capillary hemorrhages.

decoction of leaves is recommended for the treatment of prostatic hypertrophy (an enlarged prostate).

In folk medicine, use nuts against urolithiasis, and nuts and honey - for rheumatism, anemia and as a fortifying agent.A decoction of the leaves and bark are recommended for varicose veins, phlebitis, venous ulcers shin.A decoction of the leaves is drunk with prostatic hypertrophy.Oil, hazelnut squeezed from the grains, mixed with egg white, treat burns, but also used as a means of improving hair growth.

G. Fraser, an American expert on cardiovascular disease, found and proves that his experiments, that for those who every day eats a handful of nuts, the risk of cardiovascular diseases is significantly reduced compared with those who did not eat nuts at all or eat themoccasionally.

nuts, raw or roasted, - a source especially useful for the human body fats and proteins.They satisfy the body's need for high-grade proteins.In addition, nuts contain a lot of magnesium, which helps to prevent such widespread diseases such as cardiac arrhythmia.

infusion and decoction of the leaves of hazel, possessing anti-inflammatory and astringent effect, used for the treatment of contaminated skin, for washing oily hair.

To make the skin soft and velvety, it is recommended after a bath apply the so-called "blue lotion", which includes a decoction of young leaves and twigs of hazel.

Gather decoction of hazel at the rate of 1 tablespoon of crushed material per 200 g of hot water (to boil over low heat for half an hour to cool at room temperature for 10 minutes and strain) and the broth of cornflowers (1 pinch of crushed flowers of cornflower to 100 g of boiling water, cookthe same technology, after filtering to bring the volume of the original boiled water).Heat over low heat 4 tablespoons of boiled water with 3 tablespoons of soap flakes (best suited for this purpose, "Children" soap).When the flakes are dissolved, remove the bowl from the heat and add 1 teaspoon of glycerin, 4 tablespoons olive oil (you can replace it with unrefined sunflower or corn oil) and 1 teaspoon of decoction of hazel.Stir until until the mixture cools.Then pour the broth of cornflowers and mix again.

decoction of young branches and leaves of hazel helps relieve swelling and redness of the eyelids.Soak a cotton cloth in the warm broth and 12 hours several times apply to the eyes.

Oil hazel fruit is rubbed into the hair tonic head.

Nuts eaten fresh, very tasty roasted nuts (kalyat in an oven at 110 ° C).They are used in the manufacture of chocolate, sweets, cakes, pastries, cakes made of walnut halva.From nuts produce the cream, milk, flour.Squeezed from the nuts of oil has good taste and is easily absorbed by the body.It is used for food.

Dosage Form: to prepare a decoction of the bark and leaves 1 tbsp.l.minced raw pour 1 cup hot water, boil on low heat for 30 minutes, cool 10 minutes at room temperature and filtered.Take 0.25 cup 3-4 times a day with meals.

hazel leaves and bark are used as a tincture: 1 tbsp.tablespoon finely ground raw materials to 1 cup boiling water (the dose on day 1).

Indications: varicose veins, trophic leg ulcers, colitis, urolithiasis, extra food after a serious illness.

Harvesting and storage: medicinal raw materials are the fruits, bark and leaves.Fruits are harvested when ripe.Dried in an oven or drier at a temperature of 60-70 ° C.Leaves tear during flowering hazel.Dried under a canopy or in the attic.The bark is removed in early spring from the branches to be cut down.Store raw materials in a wooden container 2 years.