Lipa useful properties
Tilia cordata (leaved)
family Linden - Tiliaceae
generic name derives from the Greek teleia - lime, as it was called Virgil, Ovid, Pliny and other Roman writers.Apparently, the name associated with the word ptilon - wing pen due to the fact that the flower stalks are winged bracts.Species definition is derived from the Latin cor (genitive cordis) - heart.
Botanical description .Deciduous tree up to 25-30 m with a black cracked bark and spherical spreading crown.Young branches reddish-brown with small lenticels.The leaves are alternate, petiolate, heart-shaped with serrated edges.Young leaves have stipules, which then fall off.Top green leaves, bare, below grayish-green with tufts of delicate reddish-yellow hairs at the corners of the large veins, and especially at the base of the leaf.The flowers are yellowish-white, fragrant, collected at 5-15 in drooping dichasia (semiumbels).Bracts otvorochenny, fused with its common peduncle vein in the lower part.Bracts yellowish green, lanceolate with a blunt
blooms in late June or early July flowering almost annually plentiful.The fruits ripen in August - September.
In the western regions of Ukraine and found used in gardening of cities and other settlements linden ploskolistnaya or macrophylla - Tilia plathyphyllos Scop.Leaves her often larger veins of hairs in the corners of light and flowers in inflorescences 3-9.Nuts pear-shaped.It blooms a little later.
Geographical distribution. growing in the zone of broad-leaved and coniferous-deciduous forests.It is found in the central and southern parts of the European territory in Western Siberia to the right bank of the lower reaches of the Irtysh.Usually it grows in a mixture with other species, especially oak.Net linden presented only in the southern Urals, and in other parts of the country, they have a small area.So, linden forests are found only in the Mogilev region.
collection and drying. Gather linden inflorescences with bracts at the time when the majority of them to dissolve, and the rest are at the stage of budding.At a later gathering at drying flowers turn brown and form grinding increased when packing raw materials.Avoid collecting inflorescences with bracts, affected leaf beetles, which feed on the pulp sheet, leaving the veins.Gather the flowers, cutting off their hands, with inclined lower branches.The upper branches with lots of flowers often cut loppers, and then in the shadow of the inflorescence is terminated.In no event it is impossible to cut large shoots, break branches.Recently, in the settlements in the collection of the raw material is now often "used car lifts. Of course, the raw material cost of this event is increased, but did not suffer from the trees and collect manages more raw materials. This method should be promoted. To collect linden blossom along the highways should not be.
collected flowers loosely piled in baskets, in any case not tamping, and delivered to drying.
dried material in the shade, in attics, under eaves, in rooms with good ventilation or in a dryer at a temperature of 40-45 °.during the day, 2-3 times ted flowers. Drying is considered complete at the time when the stalks become brittle. dried raw material is poured into the open boxes or raked into a pile and leave it in the room for 2-3 days, and only then packed in bales,.. clubroot or bags
Medicinal raw finished raw materials - linden flowers - Flores tiliae - corymbose inflorescences from 5- 15 flowers (linden heart-shaped) and 3-9 flowers (linden ploskolistnoy).Dominated by blooming flowers, but there are buds and single unripe fruits.Bracts yellow-green or light green, about 6 cm in length, a width of about 1.5 cm, entire, oblong-lanceolate, obtuse at the top, the bottom half-length fused midrib with peduncle.The flowers are about 1 cm in diameter, yellowish.The smell fragrant, sweet taste.
Art.GF 274 X and GOST 6518-69 admit: moisture less than 13%;inflorescences with bracts, damaged by pests and have rust stains, no more than 2%;inflorescences with yellow or brown bracts or blackened flowers no more than 4%;linden leaves and shoots are not more than 1%;completely faded inflorescences with fruits of not more than 2%;shredded pieces, passing through a sieve with a hole diameter of 3 mm and not more than 3%;individual flowers or inflorescences not more than 15% without bracts;Organic impurities are not more than 0.3%;mineral - not more than 0.1%.
chemical composition .Linden flowers contain 0.05% of essential oil, carrier pleasant odor which is an aliphatic sesquiterpene alcohol farnesol;. Glycosides (hesperidin and tiliatsin), saponins, tannins, coumarin fraksin, carotene, vitamin C and other
Medical raw material in scientific medicine are the flowers, in folk medicine - flowers, leaves, buds, fruit and young bark.Collection of flowers made with membranous bracts.Gathering in the rain or dew is not allowed.Dried flowers in the shade in the air or in the dryer at a temperature of 40-45 degrees.Shelf life 2 years.
Linden flowers contain essential oil (0.05%), glycoside tiliatsin, tannins, waxes, hesperidin, sugar, mucilage, vitamin C, carotene.The leaves contain volatile.
In medical practice, lime color has long been used as a diaphoretic.Infusion of flowers is recommended to rinse the mouth, pharynx in inflammatory diseases (angina).Lime Blossom is a member of sweatshop collection (tea) in equal amounts with raspberry fruit.
Drink hot decoction or infusion of linden flowers at night for coughs, colds, aches head, throat, croup, abdominal pain, rheumatism, fainting, inflammation of the lungs as a means of measles.Tenderized young lime bark gives a lot of mucus, and is used to treat burns, gout, hemorrhoids.Broth from fresh flowers rezyah when used inside a urethra (mixed with grass sage), the presence of sand in urine.In addition, from lime blossom medications successfully used inside with measles, mumps, convulsions.Chopped fresh buds or fresh leaves are used topically as anti-inflammatory, analgesic and emollient for burns, inflammation of the mammary glands and others. Inflammatory processes.Powdered lime coal from dried wood drink 1 teaspoon with goat milk with pulmonary tuberculosis.;dry distillation products (tar) lubricate the affected eczema site.
Outer fruits limes used in the form of powder or pulverized in vinegar bleeding from wounds, nose, mouth, and so on. Etc .;kidney or comminuted leaves are used as an emollient with abscesses;cambium and is recommended for burns.The leaves are applied to boils.
Broth 1: 1 tbsp.a spoonful of chopped flower brewed in a glass of boiled water, 20 minutes and filtered;consume 1-2 cups of the night (as a diaphoretic), rinse add 5.0 grams of baking soda per cup of broth.
2 Broth: 2 tablespoons.Flowers make a tea spoon 2 cups boiling water, boil for 10 minutes, strain and drink hot at night 2-3 glasses (diaphoretic) with cramps, nervous disorders, the presence of sand in the urine, mumps, measles, as a painkiller and sedative.
Broth 3: 1 tbsp.spoon in a glass of boiling water, brewed as a tea, to rinse with tonsillitis, pharyngitis and tonsillitis.
Note.Coal produced from linden wood, is also used in folk and scientific medicine.
Mixture: 2 tbsp.tablespoons linden blossom, flaxseed, raw chopped pumpkin seeds, hemp seeds, blackberry leaves, black elder flowers, herb St. John's wort and 1 tbsp.spoon of chamomile flowers.The mixture was stirred well and take from it the 4 th degree.spoon on 0.5 liters of water, boil, insist 30-40 minutes, strain and squeeze;take 4 times a day for an hour before a meal.
Indications: linden flowers, or "lime color" is used as an antipyretic and diaphoretic for colds, gastritax.as well as for rinsing the mouth and throat.Lime Wood charcoal is used in the flatulence and diarrhea.
Infusion of flowers of linden small-leaved honey
Take 10 g linden flower (3 tbsp. Tablespoons) and pour 200 ml boiling water in an enamel pan, close the lid and put on 15 minutes in a boiling water bath, then give the infusion to cool and strain it.The remaining raw materials squeeze.Volume infusion bring boiled water to 200 ml, and dilute it 1 tbsp.honey.
Take in the form of heat for 1 / 2-1 glass 2-3 times a day as a diaphoretic and antipyretic drug for colds.
flowers of linden have diaphoretic and antipyretic action here, which, apparently, due to the presence of the glycoside tiliatsina.To this end, they are brewed as a tea, at the rate of 1 tablespoon of shredded raw materials to 1 cup of boiling water;pushing at least 20-30 minutes.Diaphoretic very popular among the people, and from ancient times used in the household.In Ancient Russia believed that along with the sweat from the body "goes" disease and "dwell" health.
How diaphoretic linden appointed inside.With the same purpose, use diaphoretic tea with raspberries.Drink tea and lime with raspberry jam, honey.
Lipa has a disinfectant action and, therefore, the infusion of the flowers (tea) is used for rinsing the mouth and throat.In this case, it is mixed with sage and chamomile equally.Brew 1 teaspoon to 1 cup of water.
healing part: flowers.
plants Description: tree with heart-shaped leaves.The flowers are fragrant with bracts.
composition and method of preparation of tea it:
1.1 h .. linden flowers on 1 st.boiling water.Insist and drink as tea.Golden drink with pleasant aroma, very tasty.
Healing properties: recreation, diaphoretic, expectorant and anti-inflammatory effect.
2. 15 g (1 tbsp ..) of dried lime flowers per 200 ml of boiling water, leave for 10-15 minutes, strain, add 15 grams of honey.Before welding the dried lime blossom lightly roasted.
Healing properties: influenza and other respiratory diseases.
3. 2 tablespoons of flowers .. to 2 tbsp.boiling water, boil 10 minutes, drain.Drink as a tea for the night hot.
Medicinal properties: the same.
4. The flowers of linden and peppermint leaves - 1: 1, 1 tbsp .. collection 1 st.boiling water.Brew and drink as tea 2-3 cups per day in hot form.
Medicinal properties: the same.
healing part: leaves.
composition and method of preparation of tea it:
tea from fresh leaves: crushed leaves brewed and drunk as a tea.
Healing properties: quenches thirst, relieves fatigue.
treatment baths with linden flowers
Bath with lime color eliminates insomnia, calms the nervous system, relieves irritation and inflammation of the skin, stimulates perspiration, cleansing the body from harmful products of metabolism.
Linden bath used in combination therapy for the treatment of obesity, but in this case you will need to consult a doctor.
need to pour 1 cup of lime blossom 2 liters of cold water and infuse for 10 minutes to prepare the broth.After that should bring the mixture to a boil and cook, covered no more than 7 minutes.Ready strain broth and pour in the water temperature of 37 ° C.Time taking a bath - 20 minutes.In the course of 6-7 treatments is sufficient.