Useful and therapeutic properties of burdock ( burdock , repya )
Biennial herb to 180 cm in height.Root fleshy, subramose, up to 60 cm long.Ste
Belle erect, ribbed, red, on top of the highly branched.Leaves petiolate, lower - the large, gradually decreasing up the stalk, widely cordate-ovate, toothed on the edge, green above, from below tomentose.The flowers are collected in a globular baskets located in the boards or corymbose panicles at the ends of the stem and its branches.Wrap baskets naked, green, arranged in imbricated linear, rigid, hooked folded leaflets.Receptacle basket slightly convex, densely seated awl-shaped bracts.All flowers are tubular, bisexual, with lilac-purple corolla;Calyx in the form of tuft;five stamens, pistil with lower ovary, filamentous column and two linear stigmas.The fruit - achene with pappus.Blooms in July-August.The fruits ripen in August and September.
Burdock common in the forest-steppe and steppe, rarely in the forest zones of European Russia, the Caucasus, Central Asia;in Siberia and the Far East it is less common.It lives i
Medical raw material in scientific medicine are rooted in folk medicine - roots, leaves, buds, fruit-achenes.
Mug arachnoid, or felt, is more common than Burdock, but a little different from the last botanical and medicinal properties.Both burdock growing in damp places, near houses, in gardens, along roads, in fields, in gardens.
root they prepare in the fall or early spring (before leaves).Roots dug from the earth washed in cold water, dried in a dryer.Even better (to maintain maximum medicinal properties) is not the root wash and dry a little, by brushing, followed by cutting along dried in a drier, an oven or the oven, but not in the air in order to avoid rapid fermentation.Store in a dry place for up to 5 years.Used roots of the second year of life.The smell is weak, peculiar, taste slightly sweet, with a sense of slizosti.
The roots of burdock found polysaccharide inulin, protein, fat, essential oil, palmitic acid, stearic acid, sitosterol, sshigmasterin, tannins and bitter substances.The leaves contain tannins, essential oil and mucus, vitamin C. The seeds - glycoside arktiin.
infusion and decoction of the roots have diuretic and diaphoretic action.The extract of the roots improves the blood and urine of patients with gout while improving clinical status.The second fraction of alkaloids plants, obtained by electrodialysis, showed distinct activity against tumor growth delay.
As a diuretic and cleanser decoction of burdock root with success use in diseases of the urinary organs, and sometimes in conjunction with other diuretics.In particular, in the treatment of diabetes is combined with a root and leaves bean pods blueberry in equal amounts.
In folk medicine, the root is broad and versatile applications: for nephrolithiasis, diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis, cancer, skin cancer, edema, hemorrhoids, rickets and scrofula, constipation, as well as in cases of poisoning with mercury preparations and bites of poisonous insects and animals (snakes), and sexually transmitted diseases, aching joints, cholelithiasis.
In folk medicine, use the whole plant: decoction inflorescences cobwebby burdock drink tea as a cancer, insist on vodka roots and drink 1 tbsp.spoon in cancer;roots rubbed on a grater, boiled with butter, add raw egg yolk, is used in cancer;the same mixture is lubricated areas affected skin cancer.For the treatment of rheumatism, burdock root better connect with the root of elecampane.
In rheumatoid arthritis and abuse of substances (skin rash) exchange is recommended to drink a decoction of burdock root, not only inside, but also externally in the form of a warming
compress all the body.Especially effective this method of treatment for chronic eczema and persistent chronic rheumatism.
decoction of milk given to children under diathesis, skin tuberculosis, compresses of fresh leaves make for rheumatism, tumors of the joints, any tumors.
decoction of burdock leaves small, collected during flowering, drunk as a tea in malignant tumors, from cataracts, warts, wounds, scrofula, liver disease, fever.
root decoction is drunk with venereal diseases and of tangles.Burdock root has both general and local effect on human tissue.It improves metabolic processes in them, so is widely used in diseases associated with the violation of salt metabolism and deposition of salts, stone formation, gout, osteochondrosis, urolithiasis, cholelithiasis, stones in the pancreas.
External burdock is used for hair growth and combat hair loss, chronic wounds, headaches (apply fresh leaves to the head), skin itching, nevrodermitah, eczema, urticaria, acne, abrasions, herpes, sunburn, bites of poisonous snakes,bees, wasps.
In all cases, the use of burdock (eg, root, leaf) fresh more effectively.
Broth 1: 2 tbsp.tablespoons dried minced root pour 3 cups of room temperature water, insist 2-3 hours, put on the stove, bring to a boil, boil for 10-15 minutes, strain, is taken orally in the form of heat for 1 / 3-1 / 2 cup 2-3times after meals with nephrolithiasis and cholelithiasis, stones in the pancreas.
2 Broth: 15 g of root in 200 ml of water, to insist 20 minutes after welding, cool, strain and drink 1 tbsp.spoon 3-4 times a day before meals.This broth is consumed and
to regulate the activities of the gastrointestinal tract.
Broth 1 drink in an increased dose of 1 glass in the single dose.In these cases, strict compliance with the conditions of admission.The patient was put to bed, wrapped up warmly, whereupon he sweats profusely about 30-40 minutes - for colds (sweatshop).
Broth 3: 5, Art.tablespoons dried minced root in 1 liter of water at room temperature, brought to a boil and boil over low heat until until half of the water will be taken to prepare the broth.To this was added sugar and honey to taste - 3 tsp..Take 2-3 tbsp.spoon (diuretic).
decoction of the fruit: 20 g per 200 ml;prepared and consumed as a light decoction of the root (laxative).
decoction of the root 4: 1:10, skin itching, nevrodermitah, eczema, urticaria, acne, abrasions, herpes, sunburn, bites of poisonous snakes, bees, wasps.
Under these diseases used infusions of dry leaves and inflorescence, prepared at the rate of 1 tbsp.spoon in a glass of boiling water, boil for 5 minutes, cool, strain and apply gauze soaked infusion to the affected surface.From the same infusion make local baths for hands and feet: a glass of brew is poured into a bath with a capacity of 3-5 liters.Duration of the bath at a temperature of 20 degrees - 15-20 minutes.
When long-term healing ulcers applied IU-stno: 50 g of fresh crushed roots pour 2 cups of sunflower oil, insist 24 hours, then boil for 15 minutes.Store in a cool dark place.Apply a layer on the gauze and applied to the skin surface.
ointment from the root of 1: above broth 2 (the root) to thicken the cooking up to half, mix in half with pork internal fat (by heating up), pour into the pot, cover the lid, smeared her dough, and put in the oven or the oven for a few hours;with lukewarm thickened mass drained water (if it all evaporates
las).Ointment is a good remedy for hair growth.
Note.It is much more effective decoction of dried roots of burdock fresh juice.
ointment from the root of 2: decoction of the root (. 4 tablespoons of boiling water 4 cups), also condensed, take 1 part to 4 parts butter and mix.The ointment is effective for burns.
ointment from the leaves of burdock (component): the dried leaves of burdock - 20 g of chamomile flowers - 20 g, ungulates root - 20 g, grass fireweed (willow-herb) - 20 g The mixture is boiled in 4 cups of water, then add 1Art.spoon of butter and 2 cups of strong decoction of hay dust and re-boil until thick viscous sticky mass (preferably on the so-called water bath);Strain and squeeze, evenly mixed with glycerol.This cream gives excellent results.
long-standing method of treating eczema: a decoction of burdock root (15 g per 200 ml) for 1 st.spoon 4 times daily before meals.
for external treatment takes 4-5 Art.spoons of crushed root to a bucket of water, boiled and cooled to an average temperature.In the warm broth of lowered folded four times the width of the sheet so that it covers the body from the armpits to the ankles down, squeeze (do not dry), tightly wrapped her patient.Between the legs of the sheets lay to his feet do not touch.Then, the patient just wrapped a dry sheet with a thin blanket.Sheets and blankets fastened with pins and leave the patient on a couple of hours in bed.If the patient falls asleep, do not wake him.Sheets in this case can be removed after his awakening.Treatment in this manner is recommended 1 time per day (preferably at night), after 6 days - a break for a day.Packs should be placed as long as the body, clear of eczema, is not an easy rash appears.After 1-2 days, the rash fades,
and treatment can be considered complete.Keep it for 2-3 weeks.
same way continuously treat recurrent rheumatic fever.At the same time there are remarkable results: the disease does not recur.
Another original popular way to treat rheumatism.Ointment from burdock root (preferably fresh) patient rubs the affected joints, falls on the bench in the sauna with steam gradually intensifying and there for an hour drinking small sips a warm decoction of burdock root (of 1 cup).After 15-20 minutes, perspiration appears on the body.The patient remains on the bunk so long as the body is dry;quenches the thirst of the milk serum.Getting off the bunk, he again rubs joints the same ointment, obkladyvaet them with cotton or hemp and tape up.They do it at night.The treatment gives a very good result.Roots
first year when the plant has not yet seeds are edible.Therefore, in China and Japan, burdock raised INDICATES as a vegetable.The roots can be eaten raw, boiled, baked and fried, put in the soup instead of potato, cook burgers and cakes.
If crushed root for 2 hours to cook with sorrel, vinegar or sour milk, it turns out pleasant to the taste jam (the inulin becomes saharofruktozu).