Onions useful properties
Onions (Allium sulfur L.) - biennial herb of the onion family (Alliaceae).Bulb up to 15 cm in diameter, filmy.The outer layers of dry scales, yellow, rarely purple or white;domestic - fleshy, white or purple, arranged on the stem shortened, called Donets.Flower arrow up to 1.5 m tall, hollow, ends multifloral inflorescence umbrella.Adventitious roots, thin, filamentous.Stems erect, at the base vzdutye.Listya tubular, hollow, swollen, all radical.Bulb flattened-spherical, dressed scales, filmy, red-yellow, dry on the outside, white, fleshy - inside.Flowers are white, three-membered, in a fairly large, simple, almost capitate umbels.Umbrellas wearing veils.Fruit - capsule.Seeds black, angular.Blooms in July-August.
In the wild are not known.Cultivated in many countries.
bulbs contain 8 - 14% sugars (fructose, sucrose, maltose), proteins (1.5 - 2%), flavonoids, enzymes, saponins, mineral salts of potassium, phosphorus and iron.The bulbs and leaves has an essential oil, which gives them a peculiar odor a
Although the bow comprises 86-89% water, and it contains a lot of biologically active substances - proteins, sugars, minerals, mainly potassium, calcium, phosphorus, sodium, iron.In all parts of the bow has a volatile oil containing sulfur.The product of essential oil of decay is well expressed bactericidal effect.In onion there and flavonoids, and elements that stimulate cardiac activity.The onions are also enzymes, vitamins C (15 mg%), B group, nicotinic acid and pantothenic, glyukokininy, organic acids and other substances.
in the middle and northern parts of the strip Nonchernozem growing onions from seed to seed is three years.In the first year getting smaller bulbs - Onion, the second - large bulbs, and in the third year - seeds.
We grow several types of onions.The most common - onions, grown from bulbs or seeds.There are many varieties and forms of onion is, different taste - from sweet to burning, as well as different colors (from off-white, yellow, brown to red) and various shapes - from a flat, roundish to elongated.As spices and condiments fresh onions often used, including green (pen), then - dried, powdered, in liquid form, in fat.Onions are grown in light soil, not fertilized with fresh manure.In early spring (you can fall) IPT onion sowing or planting small bulbs.We have grown onion varieties "Shtutttartsky" "Vshetatsky", "Zlatava", "Hanka" species of red - "Carmen" ,null, of winter -. "Augusta", "Hibernia", etc. Clean onions or with young greens or matureat a time when the greens fade.Onion-seedling can be planted in the winter and in flower pots, accelerating the emergence of green to light in a warm place.
Biennial herb long day.For the distillation of all varieties are suitable onion, but the highest yields in housing conditions can be obtained from the following varieties: bessonovskoy, Rostov, Arzamas, Stri-gunovsky (grades mnogozachatkovye).
♦ Placement.Onions, grown on the pen, undemanding plant.Pots or boxes planted with bulbs can be installed into the light and poluzatenennyh places.After germination of bulbs they are installed on the windows of any exposures.The normal temperature of the premises where they grow onions on the greens, can vary from +12 - + 15 ° C to +22 - + 24 ° C.
♦ Planting and care.The best substrate for planting bulbs is a mixture of humus, sod land and washed river sand (1: 1: 0.5).You can use and sell in the stores "Biogruntom" or a mixture of flower "Rose".The landing
follicles spend a continuous manner at a distance from each other of 1-2 cm. The landing is best to take large bulbs, since the larger the bulb, the higher yield from one plant.Every 2-3 days bulbs planted abundantly watered with warm water (30 - 35 ° C).When such content in 2,5 - 3 weeks you can harvest.
To expedite the flow of crop from the window, it is recommended once every 10 - 12 days to feed the bow of mineral fertilizers.The first feeding conduct during regrowth onion leaves to 8 - 10 cm urea, for 25 - 30 g per 10 liters of water.Later the onions can feed the complex mineral fertilizers "Rainbow".
History. In medicine known since the time of Hippocrates.Medicinal properties of onion recognized by all nations.The Romans believed that the strength and courage of soldiers increase in the use of the bow, so he was a member of the military diet.Avicenna in the beginning of XI century, wrote: "Edible onion is particularly helpful from the harm of bad water, if you throw it in the bow cleaning is one of the means of destroying her scent ... Onion juice is useful in contaminated wounds, lubricate eyes squeezed onion juice helpful by walleye... Onion juice helps with angina.Edible onion because of its bitterness strengthens a weak stomach and stimulates the appetite. "In the old Russian medical manual Travnik brought these recommendations: "During a plague or other contagious diseases need to hang out in the room a bunch of bulbs, making them does not penetrate the infection, and the air in the chambers cleared.
divorce by gardens and fields.All plants with a typical onion taste and smell.The chemical composition of onion complicated.It found a compound rich in sulfur, essential oils, traces of iodine, volatile, and especially a lot of vitamin C. Use
Indications: drugs onions are used for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, Aten, colitis with a tendency to constipation, whilepulmonary diseases, hypertension, occurring against the background of atherosclerosis, for the treatment of trihomonadnyh obesity.Use as a tool that increases the appetite.
Onions and partially supports the activity of the liver and pancreas, and hence a beneficial effect on digestion, regulates the intestinal microflora, and, according to some scientists, it has a positive effect on the thyroid activity.However, not everyone carries a bow without ailments.Onion is the basis of spices in the preparation of meat dishes, soups, salads, pickled vegetables, sauces, steamed vegetables and spice mixtures.
Bow - a reliable tool for many diseases.Traditional medicine and now treats baked onions boils and abscesses.Rubbing onion juice relieves pain of injuries.Compression of the bulbs cooked in vinegar, remove calluses and fresh onion juice deduce warts.Onion gruel cure colds and runny nose.
Onion juice has mokrotootdelyayuschim property, and the people they are mixed with honey for coughs and bronchitis: 500 grams of chopped onions, 400 g sugar, 50 g of honey mixed together and added to 1 liter of water.Cook the mixture over low heat for 3 hours.Cools.Filter and pour into a bottle.Take 1 tbsp.spoon 4-6 times a day ^.You can inhale the freshly prepared paste of grated onion for 10 minutes.The course of treatment 30-40 days, repeated one month.
Modern medicine has found that the onion juice can dissolve kidney stones and even sand.Installed capacity of the bow to lower blood sugar, from the bulbs was isolated mannitol, which diabetics use.Widespread use of the bow was in cosmetics.People cosmetics have long been used as a means of onion, promote growth and strengthen the hair;1-2 times a week rubbing 2-3 tablespoons of fresh onion juice.Then tie head with a towel, and after 1-2 hours wash with soap or shampoo.This simple tool strengthens hair, promotes their growth, removes dandruff, makes hair silky and shiny.
For skin protection apply wrinkle ointment consisting of equal parts of onion juice, honey, wax and white lily.Onion juice in folk medicine derive freckles.
Broth onion skin color, not only eggs for Easter, and the hair in a beautiful and fashionable krasnovatooranzhevye tone.For this we need to take 30-50 g onion peel, pour a glass of water and boil for 15-20 minutes, then let stand and strain, and hair dye ready.
Dosage forms (pharmaceutical): «Alliliep" - alcoholic extract of onion, taken orally 20-30 drops 3 times a day for 15 minutes before meals with milk or water in the intestinal atony with a tendency to constipation, atherosclerosis.
Allilchep increases intestinal tone and the secretion of digestive glands, improves heart function and overall health.Allilchep used for bowel weakness, in colitis, atherosclerosis, and they treat sclerotic form of hypertension.From snakebite: the bulb should be cut in half, attach to the wound and keep up as long as the bulb does not turn black, stretched out the poison.
«Alliglitser" condensed extractor onions, mixed with glycerin - used in trihomonadnyh obesity on prescription.
onions widely used in everyday life as a diuretic and antiscorbutic.
Onion has disinfecting effect and is used as a home remedy for the treatment of, for example, the flu.To this end, in traditional medicine is used so-called swabs from the bow: the bow quickly rub on a grater, grated mass is put in pieces of approximately 3x3 cm gauze, tied and put in the nostrils for 15 minutes in the morning, afternoon and evening.
Onions can be used as antiscorbutic, as well as in all other cases, when the need vitamin C.
In folk medicine, onion juice mixed with honey is a good remedy for the prevention (prevention) of eyesore.
liver in a test or onion boiled in milk is used as poultices for boils, boils, fresh grated onion successfully used in trauma (injuries) injuries.
Corns and warts removed fresh onion juice, or onion, pre-cooked in vinegar.Fresh juice to heal wounds.Drink it in the people for hair growth.In this case, the juice rubbed into the hair roots with your fingers (1-2 times a week for 2-3 tbsp. Spoons).After lubrication is recommended to tie the head with a towel for 1-2 hours, then wash it with soap and water as usual.This is a good cosmetic product, as hair after washing becomes soft, silky and become a beautiful shine.
Apply onions to prevent the appearance of wrinkles on the face and to remove already emerged.Prescription ointments for this purpose: onion juice, honey, the juice of white lily and white wax - 30 grams, it's all in pottery is heated over low heat and steam is mixed with a wooden stick until cooling.
from cough and expectoration of sputum to improve the use onions with honey, onions, fried in butter or boiled milk.
widely used onions for the treatment and prevention of atherosclerosis.To this end, often a mixture of fresh juice with honey in equal parts, which take 1 tbsp.spoon 3-4 times a day.And with angina, nagnoitel-processes in the lung and tuberculosis volatile inhaled using a freshly prepared mush onion inhalation.If the paste is constant on the air 10 to 15 minutes, its healing power is greatly reduced, as the strongest evaporate volatile.
Lukovaya slurry used in itchy inflammation of the skin to remove acne scars, freckles, birthmarks and warts.Gruel with milk and baked onions accelerate the maturation abscesses, soften the pain of hemorrhoids;onion gruel treat frostbite and fresh burns.
Fresh onion juice used in the treatment of ulcers in the oral mucosa.
Freshly paste of onion, exerted through cheesecloth, cleans sores and ulcers and contributes to their healing.
During bestial padezha- strung on the thread a little more onions and garlic heads and tied around the neck cows, horses and other pets that are not infected. "
experimental and clinical data.Onions stimulates the secretion of digestive juices, has a diuretic, expectorant, laxative, antiscorbutic and soothing effect.Able to enhance sperm production.It has bactericidal and anthelmintic activity.
Onions are eaten raw, boiled, fried, pickled and dried.It not only adds a certain taste of food, but also vitaminizes it.Therefore, it is widely used in the preparation of meat, fish and vegetable dishes.Fresh Onions stimulates the appetite, enhances the secretion of digestive juices, improves digestion and promotes better assimilation of nutrients by the body.
In French cuisine is very popular onion soup.
French onion soup with garlic and herb croutons
3 tbsp.tablespoons butter or margarine 4 large coarsely chopped onion, 2 h. tablespoons light brown sugar, 1 liter of vegetable broth, 1 tbsp.spoon of corn flour (cornstarch), 4 slices of French bread, 50 g of cheese with garlic and herbs, salt and freshly ground black pepper.
Heat a large saucepan butter or margarine.Add the onion and fry, stirring, for 5 minutes.Sprinkle the sugar and continue to fry with constant stirring for a further 10 minutes, until the onion does not acquire a beautiful golden brown color.Add broth, bring to a boil, then reduce heat, cover and simmer over low heat for 15 minutes.Connect the corn flour with water and stir it into the soup.Stir and cook over low heat for 2 minutes.Season to taste.Make croutons from the French loaf and each slice on one side chesnochnotravyanoy Spread cheese.Broil grill (open fire), to become a cheese melt and bubble.Ladle the soup into warmed plates.Leave floating on top of each slice of cheese bread bowl and serve immediately to the table.
onions and apples, breaded
3-4 chopped dessert apple, 1 hr. Teaspoon dried sage, a pinch of grated nutmeg orёha, 3-4 onions, salt and freshly ground black pepper, 1/2 cup flour, 1/ 2 cup butter or margarine, 1 cup bread crumbs.
Grease flameproof dish.Alternately lay layers of apples and onions, seasoned with sage, nutmeg, salt and pepper.Rub the flour and butter (margarine) until the mixture resembles batter consistency.Add the breadcrumbs and sprinkle them a dish.Bake in preheated oven at 200 ° C for about 30 minutes until tender and stuffing golden brown.
salad onions and green peas
2 onions, 1 head green onions feathers, 3 pickles, 1/2 cans of canned green peas, 3 tbsp.tablespoons vegetable oil, 1/2 cup of tomato juice, vinegar, salt, sugar, black pepper, 2-3 cloves of garlic.
Onions and onion green onions cut into rings, E, green onions feathers - slices and cucumber - circles.All the mix, add the peas.The tomato juice add the vegetable oil, salt, sugar, vinegar, chili powder, pepper and crushed garlic.The resulting sauce to fill the salad, mix well it.Before serving, a little cool.
can prepare pickled onions, which is used not only as a snack and accompaniment to marinated or salted herring, but also added to the vinaigrette and some vegetable and fish salads.
onion with spices
bulbs are sorted into small (15-20 mm) and medium size (20-25 mm), large cut.To speed up the cleaning of the onion blanch for 2-3 minutes, then clean with a knife and cut off the basal plate.In this form it can be stored for a short time in salted water.The pouring of 1 liter of water, 50 g of sugar, 50 grams of salt, 4-6 pcs.cloves and cinnamon boiled slices, at the end of cooking, add 150 g of 9% strength vinegar.Banks with onions, spices and filling is heated, soaking in slabokipyaschey water: half-liter, 3-5, 8-9 liter-min.
salad of pickled onions
For the marinade: 0.5 liters of 6% vinegar, 2 tbsp.spoons of salt, sugar, a little cinnamon, star anise, cloves, allspice, red pepper, bay leaf.
Onions cut into rings, pour over boiling water, let the water drain out.In water, add vinegar and salt, spices and sugar.Boil.Bow pour the hot marinade, leave for 1-2 hours.Marinade drained, put the onion in a bowl, drizzle with melted butter.