Useful and therapeutic properties of Platanthera bifolia ( Night Violets )

August 12, 2017 17:59 | Drug Plants

perennial herb.Adventitious roots, with two tubers, ovate-fusiform, light brown.Stems erect, herbaceous, 30-60 cm tall.Leaves alternate, basal, stebleobemlyu-ing, filmy, stem - 2 large, obratnoyaytse-eminent, narrowed into petiole, upper stem - linear, sessile.Flowers - abnormal, white, in loose racemes.Perianth - from the six leaves of different shapes.Fruit - polyspermous box.Blossoms in May-June.

Platanthera bifolia is very common in non-black areas of Russia.It grows on deciduous forests, coniferous zemnomoshnikam in deciduous and mixed forests, thickets of bushes in pine and birch woodlands, hills, forest glades.

Medicinal raw materials are the young root tubers.They are harvested after flowering (July-August), the only ones of which have not yet grown flowering stems.Harvested tubers are peeled, dipped in boiling water for a few minutes, and then dried in a dark ventilated room or in the dryer.The dried root tubers - salep - egg-shaped or cylindrical, gray-yellow, solid.Shelf life of 6 years.The

finished raw materials should not contain blackened tubers and impurities, and blackened tubers - more than 3%.

salep tubers contain about 50% mucus, consisting of mannan, 27% starch, 5% of proteins, 1% sugar, a small amount of oxalic acid, calcium, etc.. Mineral salts.

Korneklubni due to the high content of mucus and starch act protectively and antiseptic.

ingestion salep mucus covering the mucous membranes of the digestive canal, protects the sensitive nerve endings of the irritating influence, resulting in reduced pain, normal motility, hampered by the absorption of toxins from the stomach and intestines.

tubers salep applied orally or in the form of enemas as a shroud for inflammatory conditions of the gastrointestinal tract, as well as poisoning poisons predominantly caustic action.

Tubers salep due to high calorie also encouraged to use as a nutritional means of restoring forces depleted patients after serious illness.According to some reports, for an adult per day is enough supply 40 g tubers pounded into powder and prepared in the form of decoction.

In folk medicine, the tubers salep long been known as a means of supporting the forces of the patients (tuberculosis, severe and prolonged bleeding, etc.).

See. Also Orchis.


Drink tubers in powder form, which is prepared from the mucous broths (1: 20-1: 60).

Mucus was prepared by shaking the powder from the tubers with 10 parts of cold water, followed by adding 90 parts of boiling and stirring until a homogeneous, colorless and somewhat transparent mucus.To improve the nutritional mucus can be cooked in milk, broth or wine.

Tincture: 30 tubers per 0.5 liters of wine, take 1 tbsp.spoon 3 times a day.