Useful and therapeutic properties of mother and stepmother ( butterbur )
Perennial herb to 20 cm tall.Underground rhizome, creeping, fleshy, branched, with a bunch of adventitious roots.Spring from rhizomes grow annuals simple stems belovoylochnoopushennye, with reduced, scaly, brownish-green leaves, bearing solitary flowers baskets.Later appear radical, green petioles, leaves are large, rounded-triangular, rarely serrated along the edge, white-tomentose below, dark-green bare.The flowers are small, yellow, boundary - reed, inner - tube, in baskets, flat naked receptacle and single-row wrapper.Fruit - achene, slightly curved, with a crest.Flowering in March-April.
occurs on clay soils along rivers, streams and bottoms of gullies, on railway embankments, edges of roads, slopes and fields.
Medicinal raw materials are leaves, flower baskets, in folk medicine - the whole plant.Flower baskets are collected in the beginning of flowering with the remainder of the flower stalk no more than 5 cm, the leaves (young leaves) were collected after ripening and shedding of achenes, pluck
Store raw materials in dry conditions (dry, closed boxes), as the flowers are strongly hygroscopic.
The leaves and flowers contain mucilage, glycoside Toussaint Lyagin, inulin, deketrin, sitosterol, saponins, ascorbic acid, tannins, essential oil, gallic, malic, tartaric acid.
plant has anti-inflammatory effect, increases the secretion of bronchial glands, emollient, expectorant and diaphoretic action;topically it acts as an emollient enveloping means.The experiment is set antispasmodic action of water decoction of the leaves.It is used for diseases of the respiratory organs, catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, pneumonia, asthma, angina.
In folk medicine, in addition to these diseases decoction of leaves mother and stepmother is used for inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, kidneys and bladder, upper respiratory tract, in the absence of appetite.A decoction of the leaves or the leaves are mashed while easing inflammation of leg veins and skin inflammation.They drink a decoction with scrofula, Koltun, of consumption (in this case used in the form of tea or broth) and the general weakness of the body.
External mother and stepmother used as a compress on the affected places with erysipelas, inflammation of the veins, burns, wounds, chronic wounds, purulent skin diseases;with inflammation of the throat - as a rinse;inflammatory bowel disease - in the form of enemas;toothache - draw smoke into his mouth.Note that the fresh leaves or juice of them give better results than poultices.
When hair loss and profuse dandruff with itching of the scalp is useful to strong decoction of mother and stepmother to wash my hair, for greater efficiency better brew with grass mother and stepmother, nettle leaves 2 tablespoons.spoons of both in a glass of boiling water.
Fresh juice from the leaves mother and stepmother, drawn into the nostrils, eliminates the cold.
therapeutic effect of a mother and stepmother, though slow, but positive, and no side complications.
Broth: 10 or 15 g per 200 ml;2-3 Art.spoon 3-4 times a day;or: 1 tbsp.spoon to make a glass of boiling water, to insist 15 minutes, drain the warm, take 1/2 cup at reception (expectorant).
People mix: fresh leaves and sugar in a bowl stacked layers, sealed and buried in the ground.When it turns into a homogeneous mass, add 0.5 kg of honey per 1 kg of body weight and eat 1 tbsp.spoon 3 times a day with pulmonary tuberculosis.
Powder: 1 gram of powder at the reception, drink hot milk or honey water.