Useful and therapeutic properties of Pulmonaria officinalis ( legochnitsy )
perennial herb with ascending rhizome and fine adventitious roots.Stems
confrontation, up to 30 cm, simple, like the leaves, covered with short, stiff, glandular hairs.Leaves entire, pointed, korotkozhestko-pubescent, sometimes with whitish spots.Radical leaves serdtsevidnoovalnye or almost egg-shaped at the base tapering to the petiole uzkokrylgy.The leaves of flowering stems sessile, semiamplexicaul, slightly decurrent margins;lower - elliptical, narrowed to the base, the upper - ovate-oblong.The flowers are medium-sized, regular, bisexual, clustered at the tips of the stems in a few-flowered curls.Calyx neopadayuschaya, 5-sided, tubular, pokrg ^ I short stiff hairs;corolla deciduous, yurokkovidnsh originally red, then purple and finally blue with pyatilo-pastnym limb;5 stamens, pistil one ovary top.Fruit - dry, which consists of 4 nutlets enclosed in a bell-shaped cup.
Pulmonaria officinalis is common in almost all of the middle zone of European Russia and the Caucasus.It occurs in shady deciduous
With the purpose of treatment used leaves and the entire aboveground part of the plant collected in time (before blooming of the flowers), flowering, dried in the shade in the air.
Along with Pulmonaria officinalis popularly used close to her appearance - dark lungwort, which grows in all regions of the European part of Russia and the Crimea.
finished raw materials - grass is dark green with unblown flowers;smell weak, honey, taste sweet, slimy.
The lungwort grass contains tannins, mucus.The herb has anti-inflammatory and astringent properties due to the presence of tannins in it, emollient properties, due to the presence of mucous substances, diuretic, due to silica, as well as hemostatic and wound-healing properties.
widely used as a means of regulating the activity of endocrine secretarial
tion, improves blood, analgesic and emollient in folk medicine.
used in diseases of the lungs (pulmonary grass), inflammation of the lungs, pulmonary tuberculosis, hemoptysis, catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, bronchitis.Decoction drunk for nervous disorders, heart disease, headaches, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.The root, infused with alcohol, soothes toothache.Externally used as a wound-healing agent - leaves applied to wounds, powder of dried leaves is filled wounds.Use topically for scrofula as medicinal baths.
simple broth of herbs: 10 g per 200 ml;1 tbsp.spoon 3 times a day.
Compound 1 broth: 2 tablespoons.chopped leaves in 1 liter of beer, add 1 tbsp.honey and all this boil until half of the original volume;1-2 h. spoon 3 times a day before eating (drinking water).An effective remedy for lung diseases.
Composite broth 2: Mix equal parts of lungwort, plantain, sage, centaury and wormwood, take 1 tbsp.a spoonful of this mixture in a glass of boiling water and add 1 tbsp.honey, boiled, filtered and made up to the glass;use 1 tbsp.spoon 3 times a day before meals.This broth helps with diseases of the lung, bladder, and hemorrhoids.
Infusion: at the rate of 30-40 g per 1 liter of water, vodka infusions.The latter is very effective with bowel diseases (diarrhea).In these cases, the recommended infusion of the collection, consisting of 40 grams of herbs lungwort, 1 tbsp.tablespoons of flax seed, 1 tbsp.spoons of crushed root of comfrey and 100 grams of rose hips.This gathering in the evening pour 1 liter of water, the morning rubbing swollen hips, double filter and take the entire portion sips throughout the day.
External used infusion of the whole plant for washing festering wounds, abscesses.
plant roots are a good means of heart, as well as help with hoarseness, inflammation of the kidneys.