Useful and therapeutic properties of Juniperus
evergreen shrub to 3 m tall.Trunk with bark brown, much branched;leaves, pine needles linear-subulate, grooved above, keeled below, in whorls at 3. The flowers are unisexual, bipartite;Men's earrings, women's - green globular cones.Blossoms in May.Fruits - Szyszko-berries ripen in the second year in the fall.
Juniperus in the wild form is found in the south-west of the European part of Russia, the Caucasus, in Siberia.It grows in the undergrowth, deciduous and mixed forests, pine forests on sandy soils, on dry hills, on mountain slopes and riverbanks.
From drug to use ripe black fruit, used Szyszko-berries, young shoots (branches), root wood and roots in traditional medicine.
Taste the fruit sweet and spicy.The smell peculiar, fragrant.Harvesting is done shaking off fruits spread out under a bush on the canvas or matting.Harvested fruits purified from admixtures, dried in air or in an oven at a constant shoveling.Dry fruits are not recommended in furnaces.Store raw materials in a well-ventilated area
When collecting it must be remembered that the fruit could be confused with the Cossack juniper, which is poisonous.
Cossack juniper berries from the rough, with two stones, while an ordinary three bones.The color of the fruits of the Cossack juniper black and blue, from the ordinary - black and brown.The leaves of Juniperus awl-shaped, hard, sharp, in the Cossack - flat pressed.
juniper berries contain essential oil (0.5 to 1.5%), which is composed of pinene, camphene, terpinene, phellandrene etc. Fruits contain sugar (80%), organic acids -. Acetic acid, formic acid, malicresin, wax, yellow amorphous yuniperin and mineral salts.
juniper berries are used as a diuretic, urinary tract disinfectant (in diseases of the kidneys, stones and sand in the kidneys, liver), as well as an expectorant and improves digestion means.
should be considered irritating berries on renal parenchyma, so when they are contraindicated acute nephritis.
Preparations from juniper berries, taken by mouth, is mildly irritating to the mucous membrane of the digestive tract and stimulates motor and secretory function of the intestines freed essential oil acts antimicrobial, inhibits fermentation processes, relieves spasms of the sphincters.
excreted by the kidneys essential oil irritates the renal parenchyma, which causes a pronounced diuretic effect of drugs from juniper berries.
In a small number of juniper essential oil is released bronchial and sweat glands, acting expectorant and slightly sweatshops.There is evidence that juniper berries some increase separation of milk in lactating women.
Useful juniper with scrofula and fever (as a diaphoretic).External used for scabies, rheumatism and gout, as a painkiller: rubbing juniper oil or tincture or take aromatic baths not only berries, but also of the young stems.
In folk medicine Szyszko-berry brew and drink in diseases of the kidneys, bladder, kidney stones, liver disease, edema, as a diuretic and tonic stomach remedy in inflammation of the appendages of the pipe (in women), rheumatism, raw berries to eat at a stomach ulcer,decoction of berries and branches are drinking in the absence of menstruation, decoction of branches - at a diathesis, a decoction of the roots - with a stomach ulcer.Juice drink from cones with abdominal pain, root wood - against sexually transmitted diseases.
Broth: 1) for internal use: 15 g per 200 ml;1 tbsp.spoon 3 times a day;2) For external use: 50 g of berries and stems on a bucket of boiling water.
can this way: 200 g of dried berries boil 2 liters of water - in the form of baths for gout, rheumatism, pains in joints and muscles.
syrup: 100 g of dried fruit cooked in 400 ml of water until soft, drain, add sugar to taste;taken daily, 3 times a day for 1 h. spoon before meals.
Tincture 15% -I: to 15-10 drops 3 times a day.
Instead of broth can be chewed fresh berries, starting with 4 berry, increasing the intake of one to 15, and then, again reducing the amount of up to 4 berries.This is the most effective treatment.