Useful and therapeutic properties of Saponaria officinalis
(Tatar soap sorokaneduzhnik)
perennial herb up to 90 cm with a creeping rhizome branched and a reddish-brown wrinkled roots.Stems straight, branched only at the top.The leaves are opposite, oblong-lanceolate or elliptic, rough around the edges, with short petioles.The flowers are pink or white, rather large, pleasant smelling.Fruit - capsule with numerous small seeds reniform.Flowers in June-August, fruits ripen in August and September.
It occurs in forest-steppe and steppe zones of European Russia, the Caucasus, at least in the south of Western Siberia, northern Kazakhstan and in Central Asia.Often bred as an ornamental plant.
medicinal importance are the rhizome with the roots of Saponaria called red soap root.Active substances they are triterpene saponins, the content of which is 20%.Rhizomes with roots dug in the autumn, shake off the ground if it strongly humus, washed in water, dried in kilns, pre-clearing of the ground parts.The color of the finished raw reddish-brown, in the fracture yellowis
The root contains saponins Saponaria (soap substances), so root decoctions like soap foam and thus are used for washing delicate woolen and silk fabrics.
rhizomes and roots of Saponaria long proved themselves as an expectorant in the treatment of bronchitis and others. Airways disease.For thinning and facilitate the expectoration of sputum usually use a cold infusion or decoction of red soap root.How strong expectorant, it is useful for all diseases of the respiratory tract (bronchitis, whooping cough, etc.).In addition, saponaria is a diuretic and cholagogue (jaundice), used as a diaphoretic, laxative.
In homeopathy, used the infusion of the dried underground parts soapwort.
In folk medicine preparations from rhizomes and roots (sometimes from the leaves) is used as cholagogue, with abundant accumulation of gas in the gastro-intestinal tract, rheumatism and gout, as well as for the treatment of various skin diseases (eczema, psoriasis, boils).With sexually transmitted diseases drink a decoction of the herb mixture.
root Saponaria use externally for toothache (chewing), angina (Rinse), from the common cold (retraction of broth into the nostrils).
infusion is prepared at the rate of 1 h. Spoon of raw materials in a glass of cold boiled water.Insist 8:00.Take 1/4 cup several times a day (preferably after a meal), as an expectorant decoction or infusion of the roots do not require soaking and removal of foam.In other instances, the roots Saponaria finely cut, soaked in water for 5-6 hours, pouring the foam several times and then dried and made from them broth by the above method.
expectorant action to improve the broth it is recommended to add 5 g of ammonia-anise drops and baking soda (for a glass of broth), and to improve the taste - to 20 g of syrup.
broth is prepared a rate of 6 g of root per cup of water and take 1 tbsp.spoon 3-4 times a day.The infusion and decoction have diuretic and laxative effects.
remind you that when the medical use of soap roots can not tolerate any drug overdose as Saponaria saponins have a local irritating effect.Ingestion of large doses of infusion or decoction can cause nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea.In such cases, treatment should be stopped immediately mylnjanki.