Useful and therapeutic properties of dandelion
Perennial herb to 30 cm tall.Root thick, branched.Stem shortened.The leaves are oblong, collected in the rosette, forked-poristonadrezannye slightly arachnoid.Flowering arrow bears solitary baskets yellow ray flowers.The wrapper of the many green leaves, outdoor bent down.The fruit - achene with pappose, gray or greenish-brown, ribbed, with the nose 2-3 times longer than the fetus.It blooms from April to late fall.
Taraxacum widespread in all regions of Russia.It grows in the meadows, gardens, roads, rarely across the steppes.
Do not mix it with dandelion autumn, which has tough, leathery, slightly notched leaves and white-tomentose pubescence.It blooms from July.
Medicinal raw materials are roots, dig out in the autumn after the leaves wilt and the spring before flowering.Raw dried after washing in cold water is usually in attics, stored in the closing banks.Shelf life: 7-8 years.Dried plant does not smell, the taste of the whole plant with a bitter sense of the mucosa.
inflorescences and dandelio
Dandelion roots contain: taraksasterol, psevdota-raksasterol, B-sitosterol, stigmasterol, taraksol much inulin, rubber, fatty oil, consisting of glycerides of palmitic, oleic, linoleic, and tse-melissovoy rotinovoy acids.
Bitter substances plants excite the appetite and improve the activity of the digestive tract, have choleretic, diuretic, anthelmintic and laxative properties.
only Dandelion roots are used in scientific medicine, and then only to excite the appetite, constipation, and as a choleretic agent.
In folk medicine in the spring with a deficiency of vitamins, young dandelion roots and leaves are used in the form of salad, but most often use drugs from the roots.In addition, it is a good tool (from the national experience) with chronic constipation: drink a decoction of the root inside.
When pulmonary disease drugs from the dandelion are used as a good expectorant;They have also diuretic property.
used leaves and roots of dandelion in chronic liver disease as a choleretic, as a means of reducing the amount of cholesterol in the blood, with the disease of the gallbladder, gallstones, jaundice,
gastritis, colitis, constipation, hemorrhoids (best to use before flowering).
root tincture in vodka drink with abdominal pain, sexually transmitted diseases, making lotions for eczema.
aqueous decoction of the whole plant is drunk to prevent recurrent miscarriage, pulmonary tuberculosis, fright;decoction of herbs, flowers and even better drink with liver disease, jaundice;tincture of flowers on vodka is used for rheumatism;decoction of flowers drink with high blood pressure, insomnia, hemorrhoids, one drop of the latex is instilled in the eye for trachoma, the preparations of dandelion are used for eye disease.Broth dried herbs and roots are used for diseases of the stomach, abdominal pain, formation of stones in the bile or the urinary tract, eczema, abrasions, spots.
recommended to take the juice plant 50-100 g per day, as it has krovoochistitelnym property can be used as a tonic, diuretic in the weakness of the stomach, jaundice, skin diseases and gout.It is believed that dandelion reduces blood flow to the liver and dissolves gallstones.
Apply dandelion from fever, tuberculosis.dandelion leaves of early spring used in salads, especially before use for 30 minutes to immerse them in saline solution, so they lose excess bitterness.In some countries, they even prepare for the future, as the fermenting cabbage.
Flower buds dandelion marinated and used instead of capers.The root is sometimes used instead of chicory, adding coffee.
Medicine: fresh root - 100 g;alcohol 96 ° - 15 ml;glycerol - 15 g;water - 17 ml.Strain and take 1-2 tbsp.spoon a day.3-4 or stem of fresh dandelion boiled in 1 liter of water, allow to stand in a dark place for 10 minutes and taken to 4 cups daily in chronic liver disease
as a means of reducing the amount of cholesterol in the blood.
Tincture 50% -s: 1 teaspoon 2 times a day to increase appetite.
Infusion: 1 tablespoon.tablespoon chopped herbs per cup of boiling water, brewed as a tea.Take 1/2 cup 30 minutes before meals to increase appetite.
Broth: 20 g per 200 ml or tea;1 / 4-1 / 2 cup 3-4 times a day.
Powder: on the tip of a pen knife 3 times a day.
mixture of drugs for eczema: the roots of dandelion and burdock - 1 tbsp.spoon 3 cups of water;infuse overnight in the morning boil for 10 minutes and leave without a fire for 20 minutes;drink half a cup 5 times a day.
ointment for eczema: honey mixed with flour from a dandelion.Rinse ointment body warm buttermilk.