Useful and therapeutic properties of oleander ordinary

August 12, 2017 17:59 | Drug Plants

Evergreen branched shrub 3-4 m, family kutrovyh.Leaves lanceolate, leathery, the

but-green, 2-14 cm long. Calyx 5-incised, funnel-shaped corolla with 5 lobes.The flowers are large, simple or double, pink, rarely white or cream, are collected at the ends of branches in corymbose inflorescences.The fruit consists of 2 compressed leaflets, length - 10-16 cm Seeds numerous, with a crest..It blooms from June to September.The fruits ripen in October and November.

cultivated as an ornamental plant on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus and Crimea.Everywhere bred as room culture.Homeland plants is Southern Europe, North Africa, Asia Minor.

Medicinal raw materials are leaves collected in October-November or early spring.

Clinical trials domestic neriolina (glycoside oleandrin in the form of an alcohol tincture of leaves or powder in very small doses) administered to patients with cardiovascular insufficiency and-III degree on the basis of heart disease into a 0.02% solution or in tablets0.0001 g (0.1 mg) 2-3

times a day.The duration of treatment ranged from 5 days to 2 months.Influenced neriolina patients decreased tachyarrhythmia and a lack of pulse, improves the general condition, decreased shortness of breath and swelling, stop asthma attacks, increased diuresis.The retarding effect on heart rhythm neriolina occurred after 2 hours and became pronounced after 4 hours.Improves blood circulation of the heart muscle (the ECG disappeared negative T waves in II-III leads), reduced the duration of systole, increased blood flow velocity.Blood pressure remained unchanged and came to normal, if it has been increased due to decompensation.

Neriolin recommended for acute and chronic insufficiency of II-III degree;especially when he shows the evils of the mitral valve with atrial fibrillation, as well as in all cases where there is stagnation in the pulmonary circulation.

Dose and duration of treatment should be individualized neriolinom depending on the clinical ones

cheniya disease and reactivity of the patient.The average oral dosage of 0.0001 g of 2-3 times a day at 1 - 1.5 hours after a meal, that is, 25 drops of a solution (at a content of 0.22 to 1 mg neriolina ml) or 1 tablet (tablet contains0.1 mg).The dose of 0.3 mg per reception can be given only in a hospital.To avoid cumulative effects in the treatment of neriolinom recommended 4-5 day break every 10 days.

Application

tincture (solution): 0.022% solution at 70 ° oleandrin alcohol appoint 20-25 drops to a reception for 1-1.5 hours after meals two times a day.The highest single dose neriolina - 0.75 ml;daily 1.5 ml.

tablets (powder) neriolina (A) 0.1 mg administered 1 tablet to receive up to 3 tablets a day.When you want to get a quick effect neriolin administered at a dose of 0.3 mg per reception, and then maintain the usual dose.

Neriolin had no therapeutic effect in chronic nephritis, hypertension, kardiosklerosis proceeding with decompensated heart.