Useful and therapeutic properties of sticky alder or black alder , gray alder , or white
Alder adhesive, or black - tree with gray-brown bark, sometimes reaching 25 m height.Leaves are alternate, entire, ovate-elliptic, petiolate, adhesive.Flowers are heterosexual, are developing on the same plant.Men gathered in drooping racemes inflorescence-earrings for women - in the small "bumps".It blooms before the leaves in April and May.Fruits complex, known as cones, winter and fall on the plants in the second year after seeding.
alder differs from black alder leaves ovate, pubescent on the underside, gray-green color.Flowering in March-April.
Occurs on moist forests in ponds with running water, along rivers, often forming a continuous thickets - alder.
Medicinal raw materials are alder cones, bark of young branches and leaves.Alder stems collected in winter - December and January (the best timing acquisition), the bark from young branches before the sap flow.Dried in a warm place in the dryer, and so on. N., The shelf life of cones and bark 4 years.Leaves collect better young.
alder cones contain tannins - tannic acid, gallic acid.The leaves were found flavonoid glycosides - giperozid, kvertsetrin, caffeic, chlorogenic acid and protokatehinovye.The bark has tannin;triterpenoids: tarakserol, tarakseron.
in scientific medicine preparations of alder used as an astringent and styptic, particularly in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, acute and chronic enteritis and colitis (acute and chronic inflammation of the small and large intestines).Noted the beneficial effect of infusions of bark, buds and leaves of alder with rheumatism, colds and diarrhea in children.
In folk medicine for therapeutic purposes prefer young bark and young buds sticky, or black alder.Preparations of them is also used in acute and chronic inflammation of the intestines, colds, gout, diarrhea and dysentery, rheumatism, arthritis, diseases of the throat (gargle) and mouth, to strengthen the gums;from hemorrhoids.
At long (chronic) enteritis and gastroenteritis, accompanied by severe pain and diarrhea, use a decoction of alder cones (50 g cones on 1 l of water) 1 tbsp.spoon 3-4 times a day.
In chronic colitis, dysentery - decoction: 4 grams per 200 ml or 1 tsp crushed cones on a glass of boiled water, 1 hour to make 1/4 cup, and dysentery 1 cup 3-4 times a day..Initially, this decoction should be drunk hot.
infusion alder cones at 40 ° alcohol (1 part to 5 parts of cones of vodka), take 25-40 drops 3 times a day..
tincture on vodka 1 teaspoon of buds on 100 ml of vodka, insist 15 days;take 20-30 drops to a glass of water three times a day.
Tincture of bark and cones 25% -I: 30-40 drops 2-3 times a day.
bark decoction: 15 g per 200 ml;1 tbsp.spoon 3-4 times a day.