Useful and therapeutic properties of mistletoe

August 12, 2017 17:59 | Drug Plants

Evergreen dichotomously-branching plant 20-40 cm (sometimes up to 120 cm) tall.Branched root penetrates the bark and the wood of the host tree, forming the last numerous suckers.Branches green, or the bottom of the brownish-green, woody, jointed, naked, break easily at the nodes.The leaves are opposite, are arranged in pairs at the ends of branches, leathery, thick, pale green, oblong, narrowed to the base, obtuse at the apex, entire, 5-7 cm long, with parallel venation.The plant is dioecious: flowers unisexual, inconspicuous, yellowish-green, with a simple perianth chetyrehrazdelnoy, clustered at the shoot 3 (rarely 5-6) at the ends.Stamen flowers sessile;perianths them with a short tube and limb ovate lobes, stamens 4, without filaments.Pistillate flowers smaller, side - chairs;Average on a short stalk;perianth with four ovate obtuse lobes, pestle with semi-inferior ovary unilocular and sedentary;thick podushkovid nym stigma.Fruit - spherical juicy false berry single seed when ripe white, translucent.S

eed large, densely clothed sticky, mucous pulp.Flowering in March-April, the fruits ripen in September-October.

Mistletoe common in the southern regions of the European part of Russia.It occurs as a parasite on trees - mostly fruit, birches and poplars, rarely conifers in an oak.

Medicinal raw materials are the young branches and leaves, collected in late autumn or winter.In folk medicine used grass plants.

leaves and branches contain sugar, acacia, starch, fatty oil, mineral salts, and a resinous adhesive agent - vistsin, tannic sanoninopodobnye substance, oleic acid, and the nature of the compound glucoside and derivatives of choline.In the sticky pulp of the fruit is found rubber.Leaves contain ascorbic acid, carotene.

In medicine, mistletoe is used for a long time.Pliny, Paracelsus used it in the treatment of epilepsy, nervous disorders, colic, bleeding.Doctors XVIII and XIX centuries prescribed mistletoe with dizziness, apoplexy and hysteria.

Currently, scientific medicine mistletoe is used to treat the early stages of essential hypertension as a thick leaf extract Omelon.

Research has shown that mistletoe lowers blood pressure, increases the activity of the heart, dilates blood vessels, reduces the excitability of the central nervous system.

In folk medicine, mistletoe is used orally in the form of tinctures and decoctions in epilepsy, hypochondria, hysteria;as an anticonvulsant agent, atherosclerosis, headache;as a styptic - uterine, lung, hemorrhoid, gastrointestinal bleeding.When gastric bleeding of mistletoe preparations are more effective in a mixture of horsetail grass.

typically used mistletoe with birches.Water decoction is drunk at elevated pressure, headache, epilepsy.A decoction of mistletoe with hornbeam, oak, pine use in diseases of the heart, nervous diseases, pulmonary tuberculosis, cancer, mats, asthma, rheumatism.

Tea from mistletoe drink to raise the tone of life feeble elderly people, and for dizziness - all age groups.

used mistletoe against round worms.Outwardly decoction of mistletoe is used as a lotion in chronic non-healing wounds, ulcers, abscesses;a sedentary baths at hemorrhoids.

Application

Tincture 25% -I: 30 drops 3 times a day.

infusion or decoction (35-40 g per 1 liter of water) branches with leaves and berries used inside the art.spoons in atherosclerosis, dizziness, headaches, cramps and bleeding - gastric, lung, etc.

Easy broth: 15 g per 200 ml..1 tbsp.spoon 3 times a day, the use of the same.

Broth-mix for outdoor use: 15 g of grass mistletoe and 10 g of yarrow, water pepper, oak bark, stinging nettle herb and flower dead-nettle;mix and brew a liter of boiling water.

powder-mix: leaves mistletoe powder - 0.5 g, mistletoe berries - 0.5 g, crushed valerian root powder - 1 g The mixture is taken orally for the removal of round worms 3 days.It is recommended to eat fresh grated carrots.