Useful and therapeutic properties of the drug primrose , spring

August 12, 2017 17:59 | Drug Plants


Perennial herb with a fleshy brown short rhizome and fine adventitious roots.Leaves collected in the rosette, ovate, crenate, wrinkled, narrowed into a winged petiole.The flowers are fragrant, large, right, at a fairly long stalks, are collected at the end of the flower arrows in umbrella with a few bracts

kami.Neopadayuschaya Calyx, tubular, with five teeth.Corolla fading right, funnel-shaped, with quinquepartite limb.5 stamens, pistil 1, with the upper ovary.Fruit - polyspermous box, surrounded by the remaining cup.small seeds.It blooms in April and May.

distributed in the southern forest and steppe zones of the European part of Russia, and enters in the steppe zone.In the South-East is replaced primrose krupnochashechnym.

Medical raw material in scientific medicine are the flowers, or rather, their beaters, assembled with fully bloomed flowers.In folk medicine, medicinal raw materials are rhizomes with roots and leaves.The people collected plant with flowers during flowering, and rhiz

omes with roots - in the fall or early spring, before full registration of the leaves.The rhizome and roots are valuable because they contain saponins, vitamins C, A and essential oil, and the leaves are particularly rich in carotene and ascorbic acid (vitamin A and C), which is the most at the end of flowering, at about the middle of June.Dried flower corollas air in shade, better in the dryer as well dried roots.Leaves, dried quickly at very high temperatures (120-130 ° C) retain up to 94% of ascorbic acid.Store raw materials in closed banks.

The pharmacologically spring primroses especially valuable as an active expectorant, is 5 times stronger than senega.

its value as an expectorant, and a replacement senega ipecac, has long been recognized by scientific medicine, in addition primrose low toxicity.

In medicine primrose are used as a diaphoretic, antipyretic and antitussive, and as a good remedy for scurvy.Primrose drug increases the separation of mucus glands of the bronchi and urine.

In folk medicine, decoctions of simple primrose always used in bronchitis, pneumonia, heart

pain, chest pain, cough, tuberculosis, whooping cough, diseases caused by heavy lifting.

In rheumatoid arthritis drugs from this plant is useful as an analgesic for pain in the joints, as well as a diuretic - for all diseases of the kidneys and bladder.Apply their chronic constipation, and headaches, particularly migraines.

If hypovitaminosis (with a deficiency of vitamins in the body), is characterized by weakness, lethargy, lack of appetite, pallor and skin roughness, loosening of gums, helps the powder of crushed leaves primrose.In children, this infusion has a slight sedative effect.

The leaves are used in some countries as a salad.This is justified by a large content of vitamin C. The plant is not poisonous, so in the absence of drugs in pharmacies without fear of it can cook them yourself.


decoction of the roots: 20 g per 400 ml;half a cup 3-4 times a day


decoction of leaves (stored in a closed vessel): 5 g, 1 teaspoon or half brew cup of boiling water, 30 through 20 minutes after the infusion drink in a closed vessel in two steps..

Infusion of flowers: 4 g per 200 ml;1/2 cup 3 times a day in paralysis, loss of strength, etc.

Infusion of whole plant: 40-60 g per 1 liter of water - for all catarrhal diseases, chronic constipation, migraines, etc.