Parsley useful properties

August 12, 2017 17:59 | Drug Plants

Umbelliferae (celery) - Apiaceae

Parsley - biennial herbaceous plant.The generic name is derived from the Greek words petros - stone and selinon - celery.Stone called the plant celery ancient Greeks.The specific definition in a translation from Latin - curly due to the strong stem branching.

Homeland her - the Eastern Mediterranean.Introduced to the culture of many thousands of years ago, it is now spread throughout the world.It is known in Russia since XIV- XV centuries.entitled "petrosilieva grass."

There are two forms of parsley - root and leaf.At the root with medicinal and nutritional goals root is used, from the leaf - only the leaves.

Botanical description .Biennial herbaceous plant with fusiform taproot.In the first year it forms a rosette of doubly long-petiolate, trizhdyperistorassechennye leaves, and the next year - erect branching stem, reaching a height of 30-100 cm Stem leaves are alternate, with leaf sheaths and narrow segments..Flowers are yellow-green, small, clustered in the 1

0 to 20-beam complex umbrellas with total and partial wrapper.Total wrapper one- or two-sheeted, private obvertochki consist of 6-8 linear or linear-subulate leaflets.Fruits - grayish-brown visloplodniki, disintegrating when ripe 2 poluplodika.All the plants have a peculiar odor.

Flowers in June - July.The fruits ripen in July - August.

Geographical distribution. plant homeland - the mountain areas of the Mediterranean.It is grown as a kitchen garden spice plants almost on the whole territory of the USSR.There are two varieties of parsley: leaf and root.The latest root thicker.

collection and drying .In the food and in use as a medicament and parsley leaves, but used in medicine, particularly in the fees, the fruits.They were collected at a time when half of the fruit to become dry umbrellas.Plants are cut, tied into snopiki and dried in the sun on the canvas, paper, and so on. N. After drying, the tops of the plants are threshed and the fruit is separated by hzhta and then winnowed.

medicinal raw materials. Ready raw material - parsley fruits (Fuctus Petroselini) are visloplodniki grayish-brown, 2.5-3 mm long, broadly, but more often split into 2 half-wild,.Each poluplodika with five ribs filiform, straight or slightly sinuous.

Smell peculiar.Taste - spicy.

chemical composition. parsley fruits contain up to 6% of essential oil, which includes apiol, myristicin, apiolovaya acid alliltetrametoksi-benzene, pinene, and others. In addition, there is a fatty oil, which consists primarily of the glycerides petrozeli-acid, contains flavonoids (apiin, rency-olin- 7 apiaglkzhozid, hrizoeriol -apiofuranozid 7-o-glucoside, izoramnetin-3,7-diglucoside, graveobiozid, naringenin, kaempferol and quercetin);also found bergapten coumarin.

leaves contain essential oils and flavonoids, and in addition to them there are vitamin C and carotene.

Action and use .Apiol myristicin and parsley have diuretic and antispasmodic action, increase the tone of smooth muscles of the uterus, bowel and bladder, stimulate the secretion of gastric glands, increase appetite and improve digestion, suppresses the fermentation processes in the intestine.Flavonoids have a choleretic effect.

In folk medicine, parsley drugs are used for a long time.Infusions and decoctions of it increases urine output, increase the tone of the internal organs (uterus, bladder, bowel, stomach), inhibit fermentation processes in the intestine, dissolve rocks and sand in the urinary tract, regulate menstruation, increase the amount of milk in nursing mothers, are diuretic,choleretic and antispasmodic.Inulin contained in parsley, participates in the regulation of carbohydrate metabolism, therefore persons suffering from diabetes, nutritionists recommend as often as possible to include it in the diet.Parsley is also useful for complications of diabetes, such as coronary heart disease, eye disease, nephritis and pyelonephritis.

When edema of cardiac origin, dropsy, kidney stones, prostatitis, dyspepsia, colitis, hypotonic uterine bleeding - everywhere parsley brings a significant improvement in the overall condition of the patient.The official medicine parsley is used as a diuretic and antispasmodic ..

Used fruit in the form of infusion, which is prepared at home, insisting 1/2 teaspoon crushed or comminuted fruit in 2 cups boiling water in a thermos overnight.The resulting extract drink in 3-4 hours during the day.Assign with edema of cardiac origin, kidney disease, inflammation of the bladder - acute and chronic cystitis, especially accompanied by pain associated with spasms of smooth muscle in the menstrual cycle, with colitis.

Medicinal raw materials are grass and roots are used fresh or dried form, and fruit.

main active principle of parsley essential oil is composed of pinene, apiol (parsley camphor) and apigenin glycoside.The above-ground part of the plant contains vitamin C and provitamin A (up to 10 mg%).Myristicin contained in the essential oil of fruit and herb plants, causing considerable force contractions of the uterus, so the parsley is used as an abortifacient.

Dosage Form: 0.5 tsp..parsley fruits ground in a mortar, pour 2 cups of cold water, insist for 8 hours, take 2-3 tbsp.LA over 2 hours.

seeds, as well as fresh roots have a significant carminative and diuretic.In addition, the fruits of parsley is used in folk medicine as a diuretic for kidney inflammation, as a regulator of menstruation and malaria.

In people, this plant is known as a diaphoretic in fever and as a carminative.Additionally, the substances contained in the parsley, sand and stones is dissolved kidney and bladder.

External parsley-use of abscesses (leaves), bruises, freckles, mosquito bites and bee (fresh juice), and also as a means of pest control lice (ointment of the fruit).

Parsley eliminates bad breath after eating garlic (it must be chewed).

Broth: 1 / 2-1 Art.spoon in a glass of water, strain and drink throughout the day in 3 divided doses (renal stone disease, cystitis, and others. disease).

Broth: 1 teaspoon per cup of hot water, take 1/2 cup 3 times a day (a diuretic)..Fruits are crushed: use of 0.5-1 g 3-4 times a day or 1/2 Art.tablespoons of crushed fruits insist for 8 hours in 2 cups cold water;Take half a cup 4 times a day (carminative).

ointment of fruit juice or condensed broth: 1 part 4 of the base.

decoction of the roots: 1 tbsp.spoon roots boiled for 10 minutes in a glass of water, drink 1/2 cup 2 times a day for edema of cardiac origin, edema, psoriasis and other

Juice

Parsley -. it is green, and its juice - one of the most potent juices,therefore, you should never drink alone more than 30 1 60 ml of the juice.It is better if it is mixed with the amount of carrot, lettuce, spinach or celery juice.

Raw fresh parsley juice has properties necessary for oxygen metabolism and maintain the normal function of the adrenal and thyroid glands.Available elements contained therein in such a combination, that contribute to the strengthening of the blood vessels, especially capillaries and arteries.

Juice this - a great tool for diseases of the urinary tract and is very helpful for kidney stones and gall bladder, bladder, nephritis, when the protein in the urine, kidney and other diseases.It is successfully used in dropsy.

It is also effective in diseases of the eye and the optic nerve system, ulceration of the cornea, cataract, conjunctivitis, ophthalmia.Lethargy pupil during all stages of treated drinking-effective raw parsley juice mixed with carrot juice and celery juice and endive.

parsley juice mixed with beet juice has been used successfully during menstruation.Spasms caused by menstrual irregularities, often stop at all with regular use of these juices.Thus excluded from the diet starches, sugar and meat.

juice taken with carrot 1: 3 when you want to quickly restore sight, reduced while the hard work of the eye.Juice improves breathing, heart activity.You can not drink it for kidney inflammation.It is taken for hypertension.

amount of juice at the reception should be no more than 1 tablespoon.

water parsley and motherwort

Required: 1 glass of beer, 2 tbsp.l.fresh parsley and 1 tbsp.l.motherwort herb.

method of preparation.Grass cut as finely as possible.Pour the hot beer, let stand 30 minutes, then strain.

application method.Wash this water to eliminate peeling of the skin.

bath of broth and parsley potatoes

This decoction is very effective in treating skin irritations.

Required: 1 potato, 50 g of parsley, 400 g of beer.

Method.Thoroughly washed potato pour hot beer and put on fire.When the potatoes are almost ready, put the beer in a small bunch of parsley and cook for another 3 - 4 minutes.Strain.

method of application.For the bath, use warm decoction.

infusion of leaves 1 tsp..dry crushed leaves make a glass of boiled water, 1 hour, drain.Take 0,5 cup 3 times a day before meals.

infusion of roots: 1 tbsp.l.crushed dry roots make 400 ml of boiling water.Infuse 2-3 hours at room temperature.Take 0,5-0,3 cup three times a day.

Infusion of fruits: 1 tsp..dry powdered fruit per 400 ml of boiling water.Insist 2 hours, drink 0.5 cups 2-3 times daily before meals.

ointment of the fruit: preparing to lard or unsalted butter in a ratio of 1: 4.

decoction FRUIT: 3 tsp..dried fruits pour 200 ml of water.Boil on low heat for 10 minutes.Drink 1 tablespoon5 times a day.

fresh juice plants take 1 tbsp3-4 times a day before meals.The powder was taken from fetuses of 0.5-1 g three to four times a day.

When flatulence, bladder stones when drinking an infusion of parsley roots in the form of tea.

Pounded parsley leaves are applied to the sites of mosquito bites and the bees.It relieves pain and reduces swelling of tissues.

When urolithiasis Bulgarian herbalists have suggested the following collection:

Parsley Herb - 20 grams of fruit, anise - 10g, grass shepherd's purse - 10 g, juniper berries - 15g, leaf bearberry - 15 g, the root harrow - 15 g,dandelion root - '15

2 tbsp.l.mixture pour 200 ml boiling water, boil in water bath for 30 minutes, drain, squeeze.Pour boiling water to the original volume.Take 0.5 cup 2-3 times a day in the form of heat.

Fresh parsley juice is used as a choleretic agent.Take 1 tbsp.l.2 times a day.

For external use parsley medications promote healing of wounds.

if chew parsley root, eliminating halitosis.

Infusions of parsley (you can prepare cold process).To do this, the powder of seeds pour boiling water room temperature, insist 8 hours, drain.Drink 0.25 cup 4-6 times a day.

Parsley is a part of many complex duties.An example is the collection that is used in the treatment of chronic pyelonephritis and chronic cystitis:

marjoram - 7 parts, grass parsley curly - 5 parts, grass Knotweed - 5 parts, shoots arborvitae - 4 parts, grass Hypericum perforatum - 3 parts, seedsflax - 3 parts peppermint leaves - 2 parts, birch buds - 2 parts, rhizome drug asparagus - 2 parts, eucalyptus leaves - 1 part.

6 tablespoons.l.collection pour 1 liter of boiling water, boil in water bath for 15 minutes, to insist at room temperature for 45 minutes, drain, squeeze.Pour boiled water to 200 ml.Take 1 cup 3-4 times a day for a month.

Parsley as a spice you can consume daily.It is added to all vegetable and meat dishes, salads, spreads, eggs and mushrooms, as well as for decorating any cold dishes.

Tincture parsley malaria

Wanted:

2,5 kg of parsley, 150 ml of vodka.

Method.

parsley mince, squeeze the juice;then add 150 g of vodka, all mixed into it.

application method.

Take 2 times a day (in the morning on an empty stomach and before bedtime) 50 ml.

Recipes parsley

Parsley, especially leafy varieties, is widely used in cooking as a garnish and seasoning.Chopped fresh herbs added to the first and second courses.Parsley contains vitamins, minerals, stimulates appetite, improves digestion.Parsley root crop retains the flavor and all its flavor when dried, cleaned it, cut into pieces and dried for future use.

For mushroom dishes our grandmothers served parsley sauce: 1 tbsp.spoon flour lightly fry with 2 tbsp.spoons mustard oil, diluted with 200 ml of mushroom broth, add 1 tbsp.a spoonful of chopped parsley (green), half of the lemon juice, salt to taste, boil and serve.

From parsley can be cooked pancakes:

parsley can prepare for future use in salt, as well as in frozen and dried form.It is an indispensable seasoning to the first and second dishes in many winter.

Sweet and fragrant root has many more culinary use than greens.It lay not only in soups and broths, and are added to cooked fish, poultry (birds) to the mayonnaise and potato dishes.In French cuisine washed and dried parsley with stems fry in vegetable oil;it is fed to fish and meat.

salads parsley

of raw parsley root vegetables and carrots in a ratio of 1: 1 to prepare a salad, which fill with sour cream or sunflower oil.Eat salad before the main meal.This salad is recommended for people with kidney stones and thyroid diseases.

250 g parsley root, juice of half a lemon, 20 g of chopped parsley, a large apple, onion, 1 tbsp.l.vegetable oil, salt to taste.Finely chopped parsley roots mixed with chopped apples, add chopped onions, parsley.Add salt, season with vegetable oil.

salad of parsley and green onions

butter sandwich with parsley

1 st -2.tablespoons finely chopped parsley, 1 h. spoon of lemon juice, 100 grams of butter.

Wash, dry on a towel parsley, finely chopped.Mash the salt and the butter, add the parsley and lemon juice, whip it good.Use for sandwiches.

Cheese with parsley

200 grams of cottage cheese, 2 tbsp.tablespoons sliced ​​parsley, salt or sugar to taste.

Mash the cheese (or rub through a colander).Wash, dry on a towel and finely chopped parsley, add it to the cheese, salt (or sugar added) to taste, stir.

cutlets parsley

300 - 400 g parsley leaves mince, fry 2 - 3 tablespoons of oil, add 2 eggs, 2 tbsp.tablespoons flour and salt to taste.From the resulting mass to form patties and fry.

Omelette with parsley

Beat 2 - 3 eggs, salt, add a tablespoon of chopped parsley.The mixture fry.

Contraindications

Remember that parsley and its drugs are contraindicated in nephritis, acute cystitis, gout.Eating parsley pregnant need to limit as parsley has abortifacient properties, and its excessive consumption can lead to miscarriage.