Useful and therapeutic properties of plantain bloshnogo
small annual plant with branched stems 15-30 cm tall. The leaves are opposite, linear, with the top of abundant glandular pubescence.The flowers are small, inconspicuous, in dense oblong or ovate, inflorescence spikelets in the leaf axils.Fruit - capsule with two shiny seeds.Seeds of scaphoid shape ovalnozaostrennye with inturned edges odorless length of 3 mm and a width of 1.5 mm.The plant has a reddish-brown color, and the seeds are reminiscent in appearance of fleas (hence the popular name - bloshnik), black, shiny.Blossoms in May-June.
grows in sandy barren ground;in the wild form is found only in the South Caucasus.Cultivated in the Voronezh region.
With the purpose of treatment using the seeds, which are harvested in early autumn;they contain large amounts of mucus (30%), and therefore have a strong coating and soothing effect for inflammation of the mucous membrane of the intestines (diarrhea) and are widely used in scientific and folk medicine as a good laxative when atony bowels a
Outwardly, these drugs are used as a lotion with an inflammation of the eye (with optional filtering through dense material) and as an ointment with the inflammation of the mammary glands.
As a laxative: 1 tbsp.spoon (20 g) comminuted or whole psyllium bloshnogo taken at night or in the morning on an empty stomach with water.
As enveloping: in a glass bowl pour 10 g of crushed seeds (2 tsp.), Pour in 2 hours tablespoons of water,
shaken, add 90 ml (6 tablespoons.) Boiling water, shaken again, until cool, then.passed through cheesecloth or a dense material and is used as a lotion with an inflammation of mucous membranes of eyes.Inside take 1 tbsp.spoon 3 times a day.
Ointment: crushed seeds mixed with Vaseline.