Useful and therapeutic properties of plantain ( semizhilnika )
Perennial herb 15-30 cm tall, with a broad rosette of basal leaves.Leaf blade is rounded, smooth, with long petioles and smooth edge.Floral arrows erect bear spike small brownish flowers.Corolla four-fold.Fruit - polyspermous box located in the spikelets.It flowers from June until autumn.
grows along roadsides, paths, in open areas, wet meadows, near the property.
Along with plantain can be used with medicinal purpose and plantain lancet, and Plantago media.The first grooved stems, leaves lanceolate, more or less pubescent.The second elliptical leaves, almost sessile.The fruits of both species malosemyannye.They bloom from May to July.
Medicinal raw materials are leaves, seeds and roots.The leaves are harvested throughout the summer, the seeds - as they mature, the roots - after wilting of leaves (in the fall and early spring).Leaves and roots are dried in the shade, they should not be overdry.Shelf life of raw materials for 3 years.The smell of dried leaves no taste slightly bitter, slightly astringe
The leaves of different species of plantain are found glycoside aukubin, vitamins C, A and K, tannins.
Fresh leaves and prepared them juice, tincture, extract have krovgostanavlivayuschim, bacteriostats-cal, wound healing, expectorant and hypotensive action;they have a regulating effect
both at low and at elevated gastric secretion.In addition, water and alcoholic extracts of the leaves is an effective remedy for severe peptic ulcer disease.It is found that the leaves contain a variety of substances possessing antiulcer activity.In addition, preparations and fresh leaves (especially juice) have a bacteriostatic effect on pathogenic bacteria of wound infection on hemolytic streptococci and staphylococci, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus, E. coli.Under the influence of juice there is a more rapid purification of wound surface of purulent discharge, termination of the inflammatory process and the intensive growth of granulation.It has efficacy in the treatment of primary production, and others. Injuries, treatment of long-term healing wounds, abscesses, boils.The juice of crushed leaves has analgesic, anti-inflammatory effect stings of bees, wasps, bumblebees and even snakes (vipers).Strongly crushed leaves applied a thick layer to the bite site and often take turns aspirated poison analgesic, prevent the appearance of puffiness.Of course, this method is recommended in cases where there is no possibility to provide emergency medical assistance to the injured.
In scientific medicine the leaves and roots of plantain have been used with great success for chronic digestive disorders, catarrh of the stomach and intestines, colitis and ulcerative diseases (using the drug "plantaglyutsid" in the form of granules of the dried aqueous extract of plantain leaves) of the stomach and duodenum.Plantain juice is usually prescribed with the "Plan taglyutsidom" with ulcers with low acidity.Outer leaves are used in the treatment of boils and festering sores.
In folk medicine plantain has long been used in cancer tumors (in the form of wet compresses), and the inside - with lung cancer and stomach;water decoction of the whole plant of large and medium plantains, drink it as in tuberculosis
se lungs, heart disease, high blood pressure ,null, toothache (sometimes rinse mouth) is most often used for respiratory tract diseases, various gastric diseases - gastritis,ulcer, duodenal ulcer, internal wounds, diarrhea, kidney disease, to increase appetite;is used as a hemostatic, expectorant, wound-healing agent, and as a means of regulating the secretion of gastric contents, as well as for snake bites, bee.Externally - for bruises, cuts, abscesses, inflammation of the skin, burns, blisters and fresh insect bites.For these purposes can be used not only fresh leaves and juice, and dried leaves - before laying on the damaged surface of the pre-soaked in water.
similar use has plantain-lan tsetolistny: water decoction of the root or whole plant drink with pulmonary tuberculosis, headaches, stomach disorders, as an expectorant, the bite of a snake, with tangles.
Infusion of plantain with nettles in equal parts is very effective for nasal bleeding, uterine and hemorrhoidal, which has been repeatedly tested.
plantain leaves a large, previously sprinkled with finely crushed chalk, are used for the face.
seeds are used as anti-inflammatory and enveloping with colitis, ulcers of the stomach and duodenum, as well as to calm the pain during an exacerbation of peptic ulcer disease.
crushed fresh leaves knead with an equal amount of sugar, insist in a warm place for 2 weeks.The resulting liquid is consumed for 1 st.spoon 3-4 times a day for 20 minutes before eating for cancer of the lungs and stomach, inflammation of the lungs.
infusion of dried leaves: 10-15 g of dried leaves boiled water after cooling filter and drink
1 tbsp.spoon 5-6 times a day.The same extract was washed wounds and ulcers.
decoction of leaves: 10-15 g per 200 ml;to insist 15 minutes and take 1 tbsp.spoon 3-4 times a day.
Broth seed 1: 1 tbsp.seeds spoon brewed 1/2 or 1 cup of boiling water and allow to infuse for 30 minutes.Take 30 minutes before the food item.spoon 3 times a day, or 1 / 2-1 glass (with seeds), to soothe pain in acute peptic ulcer as an anti-inflammatory and enveloping.
seeds decoction 2: South of crushed seeds per cup of boiling water 1/2 to 1 reception (at ahilii necessarily strain), take 3 times a day.
Broth 3 seeds: 10 g per 200 ml;1 tbsp.spoon 2-3 times a day as an expectorant.
home patch for the treatment of boils: fresh crushed plantain leaves mixed with salt, lard and bread crumbs (preferably black) make for a night on the boil and bandage.