Useful and therapeutic properties of sunflower

August 12, 2017 17:59 | Drug Plants

Annual herb from 1 to 1.25 m in height.Taproot branched.Stem simple as leaves, rough.Leaves alternate, petiolate, cordate-ovate, upper - elliptical.Flowers in large single baskets, exterior - reed, yellow, inner - tube, deep yellow.Baskets with imbricated wrapper drooping.Fruit - achene tetrahedral.It blooms in August and September.

Grown in the forest-steppe, steppe and semi-desert areas in the part of the Southeast.

C drug to apply flowers (edge ​​length of 4-6 cm) petioles and leaves with less than 3 cm, or without them.Collect the initial raw materials, the flowering period, it quickly dried outdoors in the shade necessarily, spreading a thin layer on the mat.When gathering should not be collected from the faded flowers fade baskets, as they turn brown when dried.sunflower leaves pluck from the petiole, it should not be too large to collect leaves, damaged by rust and moth insects.In leaves no smell, taste bitter, with a sense of the mucosa.Shelf life of raw materials 2 years.In

sunflower leaves contain rubber, various resins and provitamin A (carotene - over 100 mg%) and in flowers - kvertsimoritrin colorant consisting of quercetin glycosides and anthocyanin and betaine and choline.The fruit contains a significant amount of fat oil.

sunflower preparations: tincture, extract (liquid extract) of a mixture of flowers and leaves (to extract

collect small axillary baskets sunflower) - used as bitterness to improve appetite.

Versenatnye antidotal properties of sunflower pectin set for poisoning cobalt and strontium.

In medical practice in addition to flowers and leaves is used as the basis of achenes oil for ointments, patches, and some drugs (bleached oil, volatile ointment and so on. D.), And replaces the expensive oil.Moreover, sunflower oil is used as a laxative and recommended for the treatment and prevention of atherosclerosis (it contains unsaturated fatty acid) as well as its treatment.

In folk medicine, a decoction of ray flowers drink in jaundice, heart disease, bronchial spasms and intestinal colic, malaria, influenza, catarrh of the upper respiratory tract.Alcohol tincture of ray flowers (and sometimes leaves) is effective for fever and neuralgia (especially catarrhal nature).If no infusion, decoction can be used;decoction is useful for diarrhea and as a diuretic.

PPLICATION

flowers Tincture 20% -I: 20 drops 3 times a day.

tincture dry stem vodka 1 part of the stem into 8 parts vodka;insist 9 days;use 3 Art.spoon on an empty stomach for 3 days - for malaria, a tincture of the core of the stem - in fever.

baskets tincture in vodka: cut the whole basket, when they begin to mature achene, cut it into small pieces, pour the vodka, add the pieces of soap, put in the sun for 9 days.This mixture rubbed at rheumatism.

Broth: 20 g per 200 ml;1 tbsp.spoon 3 times a day.

Infusion: 3-4 g per 200 ml - a daily dose of malaria, bronchial spasms and intestinal colic.

Overdone sunflower oil is recommended in the form of oily dressings for the treatment of wounds and burns.