Useful and therapeutic properties of wormwood , or present
generic name derives from the Greek sage arterites - healthy because of the healing properties of this kind of plant.The specific definition is made up of two Greek words, as well - and not psinthos - enjoyment, pleasure, ie,plant, not a pleasure due to its bitter taste.
Botanical description. Perennial herb with short rhizome, passing in the taproot.From roots departs somewhat erect, slaborebristyh, top branching stems, reaches a height of 50-125 cm Leaves alternate, lower - long-petiolate, in outline triangular, heart-shaped, and in the form trizhdyperistorassechennye, medium - dvazhdyperistorazdelnye and upper - pinnatipartite and oblong-lanceolate.;apex obtuse segments.Stems and leaves on both sides of the silver-gray, as are pressed hairs.Flowers yellow, small, clustered in a globular baskets, which form paniculate inflorescence.Fruit - brownish, oblong achene without pappus.The plant has a strong peculiar odor and a very bitter taste.
Flowers in July - August;fruits ripen in August - September
Geographical distribution. growing near houses, along roads, in the furrows, vacant lots, coastal slopes, in young orchards, at least - in the pine forests.It occurs in the European part of the USSR, the Caucasus, in the eastern part of Central Asia and the middle part of Siberia.The main areas are blanks in the Baltic States, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, the Stavropol Territory, Voronezh, Sverdlovsk and other regions of the RSFSR.Widespread in all areas.It grows as a weed on fallows, steppes, fallow fields, in fields, on roads, gardens, gardens, near the property.
collection and drying .Gather wormwood at the beginning of the flowering plants, cutting with a knife or sickle top of a length not exceeding 25 cm without rough parts of the stem.to collect field blanks alternate after 1 year.Less harvested leaves of wormwood, tearing radical and large stem leaves before flowering in June.Late with the collection of raw materials, particularly grass, can not, as later, the flowers lose their yellow color - turn brown, and brown spots appear on the leaves, also during drying they lose their natural color.
Dried material in the shade, in attics, under eaves or in the dryer at a temperature of 25-30 °, turning regularly until then, until the stems and petioles of the leaves become brittle.When dried, especially when packaging materials, it is desirable to protect the airway respirator as dust leaves in the mouth for a long period of bitterness.
medicinal raw materials. ready raw material is of two kinds.wormwood herb (Herba Absinthii) contains leafy tops of flowering stems no longer than 25 cm. Stems slightly ribbed end and sprawling complex whisk, which branches are small globular baskets diameter of 2.5-4 mm with yellow tubular flowers.Receptacle convex, covered with scaly films.Upper bracts sessile, oblong, entire, down spike - and sometimes tripartite dvazhdyperistorazdelnye or dissected.Top greenish-gray leaves, bottom - silver-gray.The second type of raw material - wormwood leaf (Folium Absinthii).
smell of both kinds of raw materials is strong, fragrant, peculiar, taste, spicy and bitter.
GOST 3558-75 allows both kinds of raw materials: moisture not more than 13%;ash no more than 3% in the grass;and not more than 4% of the leaves;darkened pieces no more than 3%;stem diameter greater than 3 mm (grass) to 3%;crushed pieces pass through a sieve with a hole diameter of 3 mm and not more than 5% of the grass and not more than 3% in the leaves;Organic impurities are not more than 2% in the grass, and less than 1% in the leaves;mineral impurities in the grass no more than 1.5% and not more than 1% in the leaves.The content of extractives extracted with 70% alcohol, should be at least 20% grass and 25% less in the leaves.
to the organic impurities are part of other, non-poisonous plants, including other species of wormwood.Most often, it may inadvertently collected Artemisia vulgaris, or mugwort, - Artemisia vulgaris L., which forms a bitter wormwood and other plants, plant community (phytocoenosis).This plant leaves from above naked, green, but after drying, are dark green, almost black, bottom - gray.Segments with sharp-toothed tip.The flowers are reddish, collected in baskets oval.
chemical composition. herb wormwood contains from 0.5 to 2% essential oil blue-green color, which includes sesquiterpene alcohols (absintin, anabsintin, artabsintin) and 7 sesquiterpene lacto-new, tuyilovy alcohol, hydrocarbons (bizaboleny, pi-nen, cadinene, phellandrene, caryophyllene, sepino), ke-tone thujone, monocyclic ketolactone and OE also contains flavonoid artemizetin other, tannins, lignans, organic acids, carotene, a small amount of vitamins C, B6 and OE
leaves have a similar chemicalcomposition.
Action and use .The bitter taste of wormwood is due to the presence of sesquiterpenes.These substances irritate the nerve endings of taste in the mouth and reflexively enhance the secretory function of the gastrointestinal tract.Essential Oil stimulates peristalsis.In addition, it increases bile secretion.It is used as a means of stimulating appetite and improving digestion gastritis both with high and low acidity, liver and gall bladder and anemia.Appointed as patients after heavy operations, long-term debilitating diseases as appetizing.
Wormwood - old folk medicine.It is widely recommended that the aerial part of the plant with renal stone disease, cervical erosion, and as an abortive agent in the form of baths, in the form of alcoholic extract in cancer of the stomach, rectum and uterus;decoction of herbs -. with heavy labor, puerperal fever, female disorders, amenorrhea and dysmenorrhea, diabetes and other
decoction of the root or the whole plant is used for nervous disorders as an anticonvulsant, epilepsy, neurasthenia, fright, meningitis, and other nervous disorders..The root, infused with white wine, recommended for patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and to increase appetite.Effective with tuberculous meningitis.
Topical infusion of herbs used for inflammation of the mucous membranes, for the treatment of ulcers, long healing wounds;in broth bathe children with rickets.
fresh grass in powdered form is applied to wounds for a quicker healing them.
decoction in wine: 20 g per 200 ml of white wine;cook for 10 minutes, adding 1-2 hours a spoon of honey in more boiling broth.;drink half a cup and more fasting as a tonic in pulmonary tuberculosis.
decoction on beer: 30 g roots by 0.5 liter of beer;boil for 5 minutes, it is possible to make the decoction and water (for better beer), drink epilepsy and convulsions and convulsions different kind.
Broth: 20 g per 200 ml;1 tbsp.spoon 3 times a day.
a 10% tincture: 15-20 drops 3 times a day.Powder sugar:. 1 teaspoon three times a day.
Take as a tincture - Tinctura Absinthii 20-30 drops to a reception and infusion of '10 feedstock per 200 ml of water 1 tablespoon before eating.Herb wormwood is part of the stomach drops - Guttae Stomachicae (Guttae Gastricae).
established that bitter (absintin) have the ability to stimulate the function of the digestive glands, the secretion of bile and pancreatic juice, increase the secretion of gastric juice.The effect of this, as well as others. Bitterness, due to the increased excitability to food stimuli.Airtime wormwood oil in its stimulating effect on the central nervous system similar to camphor.
In scientific medicine the practical application of wormwood and its products have found a bitter taste to excite the appetite, as a carminative and laxative agent.To this end, Artemisia is administered as an infusion of herbs, tinctures or extracts, as well as in the choleretic, carminative and delicious tea.
In medieval herb wormwood was considered one of the most healing and was used as a tincture with women's diseases to enhance the menses;Fresh mashed herb infused with wine as an abortifacient, as well as swelling of the intestinal gases, as a diuretic and as an antidote to some poisoning.
wormwood is used as a means of stimulating the appetite, regulates the functional activity of the gastrointestinal tract, especially in connection with the root of sweet flag, as well as choleretic, diuretic, analgesic, sedative, disinfectant in folk medicine.A decoction or tincture in vodka consumed in the absence of appetite, pulmonary tuberculosis, for gastric diseases (gastritis, ulcer, indigestion), dysentery, with fetid smell from the mouth and nose, fever, malaria.
plant is recommended in jaundice, liver, bladder and kidneys, dropsy, and diseases of the spleen.
Application broth inside and externally (in the form of enemas with garlic) is recommended for roundworm and pinworm.Details on the application of wormwood with worms, see here.
Preparations of wormwood is used as a lotion for the eyes.
bitter wormwood has a calming effect (especially seed oil) for insomnia, constant fainting, convulsive vomiting, abdominal cramps and shortness of breath.In the latter two cases are successfully used this herb plants.
herb is used externally, it acts as a disinfectant, soothing and reduces bruising means.Fresh juice of herbs quickly stops bleeding, disinfects the wound tissue and tightens.
Fresh crushed leaves are effective in severe injuries and are irreplaceable painkillers in case of dislocation.The beneficial effects of wormwood has for pain caused by stretching of the tendons.
As an external agent decontamination wormwood used against blood poisoning - washed the wounds, ulcers and chronic ulcers, as well as injuries, diseases of the joints.
recommended to drink a decoction or infusion of diluted (1:10) with insect bites.
wormwood mixed with thyme creeping or Bogorodskaya herb (1 part of wormwood into 4 parts Bogorodsk grass) as a decoction (15 g per 200 ml) is used for treating alcoholism (1 tbsp. Spoon 3 times per day, duration of treatment- 2-3 months).When liver disease wormwood use with sage (in the ratio 1: 5) in the form of powder.
Infusion may be appointed for the expulsion of round worms from the wormwood in the form of enemas.
infusion of wormwood difficult to drink due to its very bitter taste.Recommend to prepare a tincture, extract (25-50% th) or wine: dry leaves of wormwood - 30 g of alcohol 60 ° - 60 ml white wine - 100 ml.Insist on alcohol for 24 hours, then add wine, strain after 10 days.
Take no more than 100 grams per day, as this drug in the essential oil is a toxic substance and application in large doses can cause convulsions, such as epilepsy.
tincture (available at pharmacies) 20% -I: 15-20 drops, or 1: 5. 70 "alcohol
aqueous extract (available at the pharmacy.): 25 g or 1 teaspoon of brewed as tea,.. in 2 cups of boiling water extract of Take teaspoon 3 times a day tea - 1/4 cup 30 minutes before meals
Petite tea: mix 8 parts of wormwood and yarrow 2 pieces, 1 teaspoon of the mixture..to brew two cups of boiling water and take a quarter cup 3 times a day
Broth:.. 10 g per 200 ml, 1-2 teaspoons 3 times a day for 30 minutes before eating
powder:. one pinch (0.2-0.5 g) 3 times a day
hemicarps Ointment: mix 1 part crushed achenes and 4 parts olive (in the absence of - sunflower) oil, infuse 8 hours; use 1-2 drops (on sugar..)
mixture enema (with pinworms): mix sage broth (2 cups) of broth with the average for the largest heads of garlic (1 cup)