Useful and therapeutic properties of milk thistle ( acute - variegated )
Thistle -. One or biennial plant with spindly root, herb of the family Asteraceae, height up to 150 cm in the first year develops numerous basal spiny leaves, the second year constitutes a powerful slightly branched stem.
Leaves are oblong-oval, large, dark green, with transverse wavy white stains, leathery leaves with a white cross, wavy, interrupted stripes, lower - petiolate, middle and upper - sessile, stalk-enveloping, leaf blade oblong,wavy, serrated blades on the edge spiny, spines are long, strong and yellow on the edge seated yellow thorns.
The flowers are tubular, lilovomalinovye or purple.The flowers are collected into large globular baskets, surrounded by spiny leaves wrap;corolla tube only, lilac-purple, of threadlike petals;achenes about 5 mm long, ribbed, wrinkled, belopyatnistye, pileated.It blooms all summer.
Fruit - shiny achenes with tuft, yellow, with dark oblong spots.It blooms from July until late autumn, fruits ripen in September-October.
growing on vacant lots, sometimes get
Homeland - South and Atlantic Europe.Distributed in Western Europe, Asia Minor, North Africa, America, southern Australia, and in the southern regions of the European part of the former USSR, the Caucasus, the south of Western Siberia and Central Asia.Introduced to the culture.
Medicinal raw materials are seeds.They are harvested in the early morning, dried, cleaned and stored in a well ventilated area.Raw material contains up to 32% fatty oils, essential oils, gums, mucilage, biogenic amines (tyramine, histamine) flavonolignany to 3.8% (silybin, silidianin, taxifolin, silihristin), trace elements (copper, zinc, selenium, nickel, boronand etc.).The presence of the complex of silymarin (a mixture of three flavonolignans) determines the healing properties of plants.Even high concentrations of silymarin is free from side effects and very good effect on liver regeneration.
From drug to use fruits.In tincture form, they are part of the preparation "Holeletin number 1" for the treatment of gallstones.
Previously fruits acute-variegated used in medicine for diseases of the liver and spleen, gallstones, jaundice and chronic cough.
In folk medicine, milk thistle is recommended for inflammation of the liver, bile duct and spleen, colic, caused by gall stones and sand, jaundice, hemorrhoids and constipation as a bitter tonic.
powerful impetus to the study of this plant was the work of German scientists X. Wagner and V. Dogen, who was isolated from milk thistle fruits biologically active substances - flavonolignany contributing kompleksoobrazova-niju in Kupffer cells of the liver, which creates a hepatoprotective effect in any exogenous and endotoxiceffects on the body.
Recent experiments on animals have shown that milk thistle treatment weakens or completely inhibits the action of irritating and damaging the liver substance.Even experimented with a dangerous liver poison - poison green mushroom, experience, the results have been successful.The results obtained allow no doubt that milk thistle has a protective and regenerative effect on the liver.
first in Germany, then in Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, and other countries are obtained and used drugs re-patoprotektornogo action - silymarin (Germany), is legal (Yugoslavia), Kars (Bulgaria), Silibor (Ukraine), Silimar (Russia), and others. All of these drugs are approved for use in the form of pills or tablets for chronic persistent and chronic aggressive hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, toxic-meta bolic liver damage as a means, protects the liver hepatocytes under the influence of gepatotok-classical factors.
Germany released drug mariakon containing silymarin from milk thistle extracts of celandine, madder dye, Hypericum perfoliate and others. There is also a hepatitis drug, in addition to silymarin also includes extracts of dandelion and some other plants.
Unfortunately, the domestic chemical and pharmaceutical industry produces insufficient amount of hepatoprotective drugs, despite the fact that the NGO "VILAR" (Moscow) developed domestic products Silimar, Sibektan and eraksol.
Experimental and clinical studies have confirmed the safety objective property thistle for liver damage, which is caused by contained in It silymarin.
thistle Natural products (seeds, fruits and plants extracts, powder, flour) have a pronounced therapeutic effect in diffuse liver disease, including alcoholic genesis, improve contractility of the gallbladder, cropped dyspeptic syndrome.
Given that patients with eczema, especially in its chronic form, and atopic dermatitis often identified certain diseases of the liver, biliary tract, drugs can have and have some therapeutic effect with a combination of disease of the two systems - the skin and the liver (Korsun,Kubanova, Sokolov, 1998).Especially shows the preparations of milk thistle patient professional eczema, caused by arsenic, vanadium, chromium, nickel, zinc, copper, formalin and other exogenous occupational factors, often occurring in the metallurgical, chemical, wood and others.
In view of the fact that many patients allergicskin diseases of the digestive system diseases, disorders and biliary liver detoxification function, along with the conventional complex therapy used karsil 2 tablets and carbol 1.5 g mashed with a mineral water Smirnov, truskovetskoy patients with allergic dermatoses.
the treatment of 104 patients with eczema on the method stated - cessation soak for 2 to 3 days, the cessation of new lesions - on the 6-7th day, the resorption of infiltration - at 16-18-day.Favorable results were observed in all patients.
Although in most cases preferred, preparations for people with sore or sensitive liver is very useful exchange treatment of the milk thistle tea.Take 1 teaspoon of seeds pour a glass of boiling water, insist 20 minutes and strain.Tea is drunk hot, in small sips, 1 cup in the morning on an empty stomach, half an hour before lunch and in the evening, before bedtime.Thistle tea can be blended with tea from peppermint - this is achieved by not only improving the taste, but also in many cases amplification steps.
Given the considerable density of achenes thistle shell, it is desirable to use them broth - 30 g of crushed seeds in powder boiled in a water bath in 0.5 liters of water as long as the amount of broth is reduced by half, drink a tablespoon every hour.
at the department of pharmacology and biochemistry of the Samara Medical University conducted scientific research on the use of products and preparations of milk thistle in curative and preventive in practice.In Samara, bakery products produced under the title "Health" with the addition of milk thistle fruit powder, and tincture of vodka and "Milk."
On the basis of a number of clinical departments of the Russian Ministry of CDB conducted clinical trials of dietary supplement "Mariola", developed by scientific and production company "Mariola" to the widest possible practical application of products aimed at improving the population.
in the department of chemotherapy Oncology Center of rail transport on the background of chemotherapy of cancer of various localization prescribed dietary supplement "Mariola" 1 tablespoon per day.Assigning it allowed when receiving platinum drugs and anthracyclines not observe symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, dyspepsia, stomatitis, changes of peripheral blood, which is an important factor in the prevention of recurrence and metastasis of cancer.
Thus, milk thistle preparations have a pronounced hepatoprotective, choleretic, antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory effect.Food dietary supplement "Mariola" is suitable as a support and the support means in the complex treatment of diseases of the liver and gastrointestinal tract, cancer patients, as well as in the preoperative period in various diseases.It can be used as an adjunct with insufficient function of the hepatobiliary system in patients with dermatoses in pediatric practice and in the elderly.
seeds consumed in the form of decoction: 30 g mashed into a seed powder boiled in 0.5 liters of water, boil until half;drink 1 tbsp.spoonful every hour.
Dry powder from seeds taken 4-5 times a day for 1 h. Spoon.