Useful and therapeutic properties of rhubarb Altai
Large perennial herb up to 2 m thick with a many-headed short rhizome and fleshy succulent roots.Radical leaves large, rounded-ovate, at base glubokoserdtsevidnye, with long petioles.Stem leaves are alternate, ovate, with a dry filmy flared at the base.On the second or third year of life appear large paniculate inflorescence.Flowers small, regular, white, green or pink.Flowers in July.Fruit - triangular nut red-brown color, with wings.
Distributed in southern Siberia, Altai, Sayan, Transbaikalia.It grows on rocks and stony slopes in the alpine zone.
Medical raw material are the rhizome and roots.Dig them fall, clear of the ground and fine roots, washed, dried and slightly provyalivayut at temperatures up to 60 ° C, cut into pieces.Raw materials suitable for 5 years.
The rhizomes and roots contain two main groups of biologically active substances: tannoglikozidy (tannins pyrocatechol group and derivatives of gallic acid), causing the binding properties, and en-tiglikozidy enhancing peristalsis.Oksimeta
In scientific medicine rhubarb root, dry extract, tablets and so on. E., Applied for the regulation of the gastrointestinal tract.Preparations made in the water, calculated on the laxative effect ant-raglikozidov, alcohol - to improve digestion and astringent tannins.Small doses of the powder improves the appetite, regulate the activity of the stomach, especially indicated for catarrh of the stomach, intestine, dyspepsia;average doses act as cholagogue;big - like a gentle laxative for bowel atony, spastic constipation, constipation in children and pregnant women, to soften the stool hemorrhoids and fissures of the rectum.
In folk medicine, rhubarb is used as a fortifying agent for various disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, diseases of the gallbladder and biliary tract, anemia and tuberculosis.The dry powder of the root is recommended for the treatment of burns.
With long-term use of rhubarb laxative effect decreases as the body gets used to it.Therefore, habitual constipation rhubarb should be alternated with other. Drugs.