Useful and therapeutic properties of licorice ( licorice ordinary )
Perennial herb up to 1-1.5 m in height.Many-headed rhizome, powerful.Leaves are alternate, compound, imparipinnate, adhesive, with deciduous stipules subulate.The flowers are small, axillary, in spicate racemes, pale purple or lilac.Fruit - Bob smooth or adenotrichous, flattened laterally.It blooms in June and July.
Licorice - fairly common plant in the Southeast in the steppe regions, on the left bank of the Ural River.Distributed in the North Caucasus.It grows on floodplains, along the canals and through the steppe depressions.
When gathering should not be confused with licorice echinated, whose flowers are collected in capitate inflorescences and fruits beans short subulate.
Medicinal raw materials are refined from the outer bark of the roots and underground shoots, 25-40 cm long and 8-12 mm thick, digs in early spring, in March-April (or fall with the beginning of withering aerial parts of the plants), to the development of new stems.The smell is not, taste pungent, sickly-sweet, slightly irritati
feed comprises glycosides - liquiritoside rizin and glycerol, sucrose, glucose, mannitol, bitterness, gum Aspara-hin, starch, proteins, traces of essential oils, mineral salts, pectic substances.
The large number of mucous substances and gum enables the use of licorice as weak
tional and expectorant, and to include in the composition of breast and thoracic Elixir collection.
There are indications of the ability of licorice root to influence water-salt metabolism.The effectiveness of the juice extract and licorice root for gastric and duodenal ulcers associated with the presence in the formulation Gly-tserrizinovoy acid.
By gum licorice has a purgative action and is part of a complex of licorice powder.When administered
5% solution of liquorice root is increased in the stomach secretion of hydrochloric acid and total acidity.
Preparations of licorice root is used in pulmonary tuberculosis and dry bronchitis, as an expectorant emollient, as an antidote for poisoning with meat and mushrooms, as a diuretic, for chronic constipation, diseases associated with the violation of water and mineral metabolism, hemorrhoids, gastric and duodenal ulcers,cancer.
In Chinese medicine, it is believed that the root of the licorice in its significance is not inferior to ginseng and is used as antifebrile, analgesic, enveloping, expectorant, laxative and eczema, lupus erythematosus, psoriasis, which is obviously due to the presence of licorice glitserrizina.
Liquorice, according to Chinese doctors, rejuvenates the body.In Tibetan medicine, licorice root is used in the treatment of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis, diseases of the cardiovascular system and as anti-inflammatory agent in tuberculosis of the adrenal glands.
There is evidence of the successful use of plant root with Addison's disease-Birmera.
Preparations of licorice (elixir, extract, syrup and complex powder) is used in small doses intermittently since observed that long-term use
glitserrizin may cause a violation of water-electrolyte-foot balance and lead to the formation of edema.
In the food industry Licorice roots are used to sweeten the beer, soft drinks, kvass, with pickled apples.
Broth: 15 g of crushed root to 1 cup water, boil for 20 minutes, take 1 tbsp.spoon 4-5 times a day.
established that Licorice has anti-cancer (delay tumor growth), bactericidal and protists-cal action.
Licorice is contraindicated in hypertension, obesity, congestive heart failure and pregnancy.