Useful and therapeutic properties of ergot
fungus parasite that infects ovaries of flowering grasses.On affected plants appear, instead of grains, horns ergot sclerotia-dark purple color.Glued-rotsii - dense plexus mycelium -. Gifof fungus long 1/3 cm maturation fall to the ground, overwinter in the soil, and in the spring sprout capitate formations on the legs (sling).The rafters are developing fruiting body with spores.Disputes maturation spread by wind and infect new plants.The horns are highly toxic, once in the grain being milled and, together with them, they poisoned flour.Eating flour, ergot affected, causing poisoning - "evil cramps."It appears ergot in crops of rye and other cereals in late June-early July.Collect horns with rye in dry weather and dried in shade.
Ergot has no specific dissemination areas.Developed in cereal crops, mostly rye.It occurs on wild grass.
Medicinal raw materials are the horns-sclerotia.Ready raw material - well dried, brittle, whole Sclerotiniose tion - must not contain crushed sclerotia.Store raw materials
ergot In scientific medicine has long been recognized as a means royal.It is used in the form of powder, liquid and dense extract or novogolenovyh drugs as uterine hemostatic agent in obstetric and gynecological practice.Alkaloids controversial cause severe and prolonged uterine contractions, thus compressing the uterine vessels, help stop bleeding.Vigorous uterine musculature caused by ergot alkaloids, and accelerates uterine involution after birth.The hydrogenated ergot alkaloids do not have a selective effect on the uterus and in combination with various medicinal substances used as sedative-nye and antihypertensives with nervousness, irritability, insomnia, menopausal
neurosis, vascular spasm, hypertension and other diseases.
ergot drugs are toxic and can cause poisoning!Chronic poisoning most often occurs when eating flour from grain contaminated with ergot, and manifests itself in two forms: gangrenous and seizure.Acute poisoning is possible with the use of large doses of ergot and characterized by the following symptoms: headache, nausea, vomiting, a weak, rapid pulse, pain in the heart, disorders of movement and speech, agitation, convulsions, sudden respiratory failure, up until it stops.
Help with acute ergot poisoning: gastric lavage with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, vomiting, the appointment of laxatives, blood transfusions, the introduction krovozamenyayuschih liquids and tools that support the heart and breathing.In convulsions - warm baths, inhalation of amyl nitrate.
Since ergot toxicity and can cause poisoning, the use of drugs it should be done only by prescription and under medical supervision.
ergot is used in the form of powder, tincture (1:30), liquid and dense extract.Store with precaution (list B).