Yarrow useful properties
family Asteraceae (Asteraceae) - Asteraceae
Achilleio vulgaris (yarrow ) - The generic name given by the name of the hero of the Trojan War, Achilles, who, according to legend, treated wounds warriors juice of this plant.Species definition is derived from the Latin mille - thousand and folium.- List that characterizes strongly dissected leaves.
Yarrow - a perennial herb to 60 cm tall.Roots thin, numerous, on a thick creeping rhizome.Stem - straight, thin, bare or pubescent.The leaves, stem, sessile, basal, Cherenkov, linear, double-trizhdyperistorassechennye with pointed lobes.The flowers are small, white edge, reed, middle - tubular, yellow, collected in baskets and thyroid inflorescence.Receptacle convex, filmy.Fruit - achene brown, belookaymlennye.It blooms from June to September.
very undemanding plant.
humidity requirements : unpretentious, in severe or prolonged drought irrigation needs.
requirements to heat and light: and grows well in open areas, and in the penumbra.
to soil requirements: can grow on poor rocky soils.
Reproduction: seed (sown in spring or fall winter iodine), dividing the bush, segments of rhizomes.
Use: as ground cover and for cutting.
Geographical distribution .It grows along the edges of fields, along roads, in the furrows, among bushes, on dry meadows, forest edges, on the hillsides, and so on. D. It occurs throughout the European part of the USSR, the Caucasus, Western and Central Siberia.Widely distributed in Belarus.
Medicinal raw materials are the tops of the inflorescence, the leaves (grass) and roots.Collection of herbs produced in the flowering period.Dry the conventional manner.
The leaves of the plant contain the alkaloid ahillein in leaves and inflorescences essential oil containing proazulen, pinenes, borneol, esters and others.
raw Odor peculiar, fragrant, taste bitter, astringent.Shelf life 2 years.
proved that ahillein increases blood clotting, and azulene has anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic effect and accelerates the healing of wounds.At the heart of hemostatic action of yarrow mechanism is an increase in the number of trozibatsitov and shortening the time to stop bleeding.Additionally, Yarrow intensifies uterine contractions, that determines its effectiveness in uterine bleeding.
established that 0.5% th yarrow infusion increases blood clotting by 60%, which exceeds the force of the action of calcium chloride at a concentration of 1: 200, 1: 500.hemostatic action of yarrow mechanism similar to the action of calcium salts, t. e. it activates and never gives thrombosis, the influence of his moderate, long-term.
Harvesting and storage: medicinal raw materials are grass and flowers.They are harvested at the flowering period of dry weather, cutting off the tops of the stems not more than 15 cm. The raw materials stacked in baskets and air dried in the shade, laying a thin layer on the paper and stirring.
drying Ends determined by the brittle stems.Store in a wooden or glass container for 2 years.
raw billets produced in many parts of the country.
collection and drying. Gather tops up to 15 cm flowering plants.Flower baskets are collected, cutting boards, and before drying separate them from peduncles.The leaves are harvested before flowering - at this time they are well developed and form a rosette.
With proper harvesting, you can use the same areas for several years, giving then "rest" bush for 1-2 years.This action prevents the thinning of undergrowth.
Dried material in the shade: under the eaves, in attics or in well-ventilated areas.
When collecting herbs and flowers have to use knives or scissors, as the plants can be pulled out by the roots.Multiple copies are left intact.
Medicinal raw .Yarrow herb (Herba Millefolii) consists of a stem with leaves and shields no longer than 15 cm, meet the individual baskets and their groups.Baskets ovate or oval, small, 3-4 mm in length.Stems pubescent, gray-green, with alternate leaves.They outline lanceolate and dvazhdyperistorassechennye in shape, projecting hairs pubescent.
smell of fragrant, peculiar taste bitter.
Art.GF 243 X admits: moisture not more than 13%;ash no more than 15%;shredded pieces, passing through a sieve with a hole diameter of 1 mm and not more than 3%;3 mm thicker stems not more than 3%;Organic impurities are not more than 0.5%;mineral impurities are not more than 1%.
yarrow flowers - Flores Millefolii contain plates with peduncles not longer than 4 cm and single flower baskets.Color involucre green, ligule - yellowish-white or pink, tubular flowers - yellow.
Smell and taste like grass.
FS 42-44-72 admits: moisture not more than 13%;ash no more than 15%;other parts of milfoil not more than 2%;boards with peduncles longer than 4 cm of not more than 5%;inflorescences, becomes discolored (brownish), no more than 5%;shredded pieces, passing through a sieve with holes of diameter 0.5 mm and not more than 3%;Organic impurities are not more than 0.5%;mineral - less than 1%;extractives extracted with 70% alcohol for at least 17%.
leaf yarrow - Folium Millefolii not contain stems and flowers.
7908/371 OST allows: moisture not more than 13%;other parts of milfoil not more than 3%;shredded pieces, passing through a sieve with holes 2 mm in diameter, not more than 3%;Organic impurities are not more than 1%;mineral impurities are not more than 0.5%.
chemical composition .Grass and leaves contain vitamin K, ahillein which is metilbetainom, essential oil, which includes proazulen, a- and p-pinenes, camphor, borneol, thujone, cineole, caryophyllene, have also acetic, formic and Izov-leryanovaya acid,flavonoids (luteolin-7-glyco-Zid, rutin).
In the flowers contain sesquiterpenes:. Matricin, millefolid, balhanolid, tannins and other essential oil content in the leaves and inflorescences up to 0.8%.
Use Medicinal properties of yarrow known since ancient times.The plant has a vasodilator effect and analgesic in the gastro-intestinal diseases.It is used in various diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, such as ulcer and gastritis, a beneficial effect on the entire body, normalizes secretory-motor processes, as well as inflammation of the urinary tract.herb preparations used as bitterness to increase appetite and as a hemostatic agent for internal bleeding - bowel, lung, hemorrhoid, uterine, nasal, bleeding from the gums and wounds.
Yarrow is used as a hemostatic agent in local bleeding (nose, tooth, from small wounds, abrasions, scratches, uterine bleeding).In addition to the labeled indications, drugs of yarrow are used as a sedative, in neurasthenia, hysteria in the form of decoctions, infusions, extracts;It is part of the various fees.
The official medicine milfoil use as anti-inflammatory, hemostatic and wound-healing remedy for gastritis, gastric ulcers and as an aphrodisiac centers secretory nerves of the stomach, as well as in atherosclerosis, flu and catarrh of the upper respiratory tract.
In folk medicine, yarrow is used for a long time as in poor appetite, and to treat a variety of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract: gastritis, ulcers, digestive disorders in gallstone disease, liver disease, acute bronchitis, headache, scrofula, fright, kidney disease, bedwetting, hemorrhoids;to stop bleeding and accelerate wound healing, with pustular skin lesions of various diathesis, eczema, and drink the broth make lotions to the affected area and treat many other diseases.
Besides this, yarrow is used to increase the amount of milk in nursing mothers, and as a diaphoretic and diuretic, with palpitation.
Yarrow accelerates blood clotting, wound healing and has blood-cleansing, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and anti-allergic effect.Yarrow promotes proper metabolism.
Oil Yarrow should be used to strengthen the immune system, the nervous system as a stimulant;in the treatment of colds, diseases of liver, kidney, intestine, stomach, helps with gastritis, it is recommended with radiculitis, arthritis, softens the skin, eliminating the allergic reaction;It has a strong antifungal and antimicrobial action;regenerates the skin after burns, ulcers, injuries.
application methods: aromakamin - 1-2 drops;Massage -4 drops to 10-15 g of transport oil;bath - 2-4 drops;Packs: 10 drops yarrow oil plus 10 g of transport oil;inside 1 drop of essential oil to 1 teaspoon of honey 1/2 cup of warm water 2-3 times a day.
decoction of a mixture of: 2 tbsp.tablespoons yarrow, 1 tbsp.Spoon Ahearn root, 1 tbsp.spoon birch buds, 2 tbsp.spoons of bearberry leaves and stir 2 tbsp.spoon the mixture is poured 0.5 liters of water, boil for 5-7 minutes, remove from heat, insist 30 minutes, strain and drink the whole decoction within a day in 4 divided doses with the inflammation of the bladder.
Infusion: 20 g of chopped herbs pour 300 ml of water at room temperature, boil for 15 minutes in a closed form, and let stand 60 minutes, drain.Take 1 tbsp.spoon 3-4 times a day to improve digestion, as a hemostatic inward and outward.Keep infusion in a cool place for 3-4 days.
Tea from yarrow flowers 15 g per 200 ml, 3 cups a day for uterine diseases, and hemoptysis.
juice and the juice of yarrow herb rue, 25 drops each, diluted in drinking grape wine or other small fortress in cardiac arrhythmias.
Fresh juice is better to use honey to taste 3 teaspoons per day.
Tincture 30% -I: 40-50 drops 3 times a day.
Infusion of yarrow - 20 g chopped herbs pour room temperature water, boil for 15 minutes, insist at least 45 minutes;keep for 3-4 days in a cool place.Take 1 tbsp.l.3-4 times per day.
If cystitis is recommended fee: 2 tbsp.l.yarrow, 1 tbsp.l.Ahearn root, 1 tbsp.l.birch buds, 2 tbsp.l.bearberry;2 tbsp.l.the mixture is poured 500 ml of water, boiled for 5-7 minutes, drawn 30 minutes.The broth drink during the day in 4 divided doses.
flatulence recommended medicine: 2 tablespoons.l.yarrow, caraway seed, 1 tbsp.l.fennel seeds, 3 tablespoons.l.oat straw, 1 tbsp.l.Calamus and 1-2 hours. l.valerian root;3 tbsp.l.mixture pour 3 cups water, boil for 15 minutes, take 3 cups a day.
1 Ointment (in winter): 1 part tincture to 4 parts of petroleum jelly (mix well).
Ointment 2 (summer): take a handful of flowers and leaves, pounded in a mortar until a homogeneous mass, and mix almost in half with melted unsalted pork fat (lard).
better use freshly prepared ointment.
powder from the roots perfectly helps with healing wounds, the juice of the leaves - with bleeding and to treat wounds, old ulcers, etc.
tea yarrow leaves drink at hemorrhoids, boils at a dose of 30 g per 1 liter of water...
presence in the grass fragrant essential oil (it includes azulen, pinene, berneol et al. Matter), bitterness and tannins allow the use of this plant as a gastric means to increase appetite and as an anti-inflammatory and topically to treat wounds as a gargle.
Infusion: 1 tablespoon.spoon flower baskets or flowering herbs insist 2 hours in 1.5 cups of boiling water.Apply infusion for 2 tablespoons.tablespoons every 2 hours.
Bitter substances yarrow stimulate appetite and improve digestion.Essential oil accelerates intestinal motility.
Ahilein increases the number of platelets in the blood, and vitamin K - number of prothrombin.
essential oil has anti-inflammatory effects.
essential oil obtained from the flower clusters or the entire aboveground plant parts steam distillation method, output 0.1 - 0.4%.The most valuable component is considered hamazalen (6 - 25%).
addition to the oil contains cineole, bornylacetate, camphor, linalyl acetate, and others.
In folk medicine, yarrow was used for pain, malaria, insomnia, kidney stones, liver disease, incontinence, as wound healing and hemostatic during heavy menstruation.
basic properties that define the internal use of yarrow: anti-inflammatory, carminative, antispasmodic, wound-healing, krovoochischayuschee, as well as external - antiseptic, tonic.
Indications for indoor and outdoor use essential oil, tincture and infusion of yarrow: loss of appetite, gastritis, inflammation of the stomach and gallbladder, flatulence, infection, weakness of the bladder and kidneys, hemorrhoids, headache, neuritis, dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea,vaginitis, menopausal problems, rheumatism, wounds, burns, ulcers, varicose veins, eczema, cellulitis, sunburn.
increases blood clotting.
In the evaporation of essential oil of yarrow is having a positive impact on the psycho-emotional system of the body.
Dr. E. Bach recommends this oil for depression and menopause.Dr. Brown recommends that the essential oil of yarrow in skin irritation and internal organs, for irregular and scanty menstruation, and even uterine prolapse.
It helps in states of anger, embarrassment and irritation, has a calming effect on the mind.It is the antithesis of alcohol and nicotine.
Dermatology: eczema, boils, psoriasis, infiltration.
Dosage: oil burner - 3 drops;baths - up to 4 drops;Massage - 4 drops to 10 g. vegetable oils;Interna n its use - up to 2 drops with one teaspoon of honey.
as a styptic yarrow was used for a long time, but then the action it has been forgotten, and it was used in scientific medicine only as a delicious raw.During the Great Patriotic War, the famous Soviet pharmacologist MN Varlakov proved hemostatic action of yarrow, and he again returned to medicine.Grass administered as an infusion rate of 15 g of raw material per 200 ml of water at inner (intestinal, lung, hemorrhoid, uterine) and local bleeding (nose, tooth, from small wounds, abrasions, scratches, etc.).
We carried out further study of yarrow (VI Popov).It is proved that the hemostatic effects have only the leaves, the flowers do not have this same property and therefore to prepare hemostatic agents should be used only leaves.
How bitter-spicy raw appointed to excite the appetite, is used in colitis, peptic ulcer, gastritis and other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
As an anti-inflammatory agent is shown in various diseases, including urinary tract inflammations.
Increases bile secretion and therefore is also used for liver and gall bladder.
Lotions with yarrow eczema
200 g carrots, 10 Art.tablespoons herb yarrow, 2 tbsp.honey.
Squeeze the juice of carrot, yarrow, mix them, add honey.
Apply this mixture on a thin layer of gauze to apply on the sore spot, rinse with warm water.The course of treatment 10 days.
Use in cooking
smell of yarrow slaboaromatny taste moderately pungent and spicy.Young shoots, flowers and leaves of yarrow are used in food as a seasoning for salads, vinaigrettes, in the vegetable and potato soups, to meat and fish dishes, in preparing dark sauces.Dried leaves and flowers are used to prepare kvass flavored beverages, jellies and mousses.
decoction of young shoots, flowers and leaves of yarrow added to fruit compote and the dough.
powder of dried leaves of yarrow flowers are added to soups and main dishes for 5 minutes before end of cooking, it takes 1 teaspoon of dry powder for 3-4 servings.
yarrow leaves and flowers of yarrow in a ventilated area to dry, grind in a mortar or a bag, sift through a sieve.The powder used for refueling and flavoring dishes.
150 grams of sauerkraut, 25 g green onions, 5 g greens of yarrow, 10 g of vegetable oil, spices to taste.In the prepared cabbage salad add chopped onion, young yarrow leaves, soaked in boiling water for 1 minute, add salt, stir and season with vegetable oil.
meat soup with yarrow
The meat soup for 3-5 minutes before the end of cooking, add the powder from the leaves and yarrow flowers.