Useful and therapeutic properties of Ungern

August 12, 2017 17:59 | Drug Plants

Perennial bulbous plant of the family Amaryllidaceae.Basal leaves linear, 20-35 cm long, 2-3 cm wide, the number of 7-10, collected in the outlet.They appear in spring, remain green for 2-3 months and then fade.In August ejected leafless flower arrow at the top of the carrier floral umbrella.Flower yellow, sometimes pink on the inside of the flower is visible pink and purple stripe.At the root of the plant the bulbs are placed several pieces with a diameter of 4-7 cm

Another type Ungern -. Ungernia Severtsova - also prevalent in the flora of Uzbekistan and southern Kazakhstan.The flowers are red, bulb diameter up to 7 cm

third kind -. Ungernia three layer - different pink flowers and larger bulbs - up to 12 cm in diameter.

Medicinal raw materials are the bulbs and leaves, which contain (bulbs Ungern Victor) 0.8-0.9% total alkaloids, the roots - 2.25%, the leaves - 0,33-1%.

As part of the total alkaloids found up to 0.2% alkaloid galantalina and Lycorine.From other types of Ungern Lycorine the large

st number contained in Ungern three-ball: in the leaves (0.45%) and bulbs (0.38%).

Pharmacological properties.Lycorine in small doses stimulates the secretion of bronchial mucous glands, liquefies phlegm and thereby facilitates its expectoration.In large doses, it causes vomiting.Lycorine reduces spasms of the bronchial muscles.

Application medicine.At doses of 0.1-0.2 mg Lycorine used as an expectorant in diseases of the lungs and bronchi, bronchiectasis and bronchial asthma.The drug is administered 3-4 times a day.Higher doses can cause nausea, vomiting, and others. Toxic effects.Contraindications - with an open form of pulmonary tuberculosis, stomach ulcers and other diseases dvenadtsatiperstnika and with a tendency to bleeding, as well as organic diseases of the central nervous system..

available in tablets of 0.2 mg Lycorine and 0.2 g of sodium bicarbonate.Store in a dark, cool place (List A).1 / 2-1 tablet 2-3 times a day after meals.