Physalis useful properties
physalis - it is a heat-loving perennial plant in the apartments can be grown as an annual.The family - Solanaceae.Motherland - tropical and subtropical America.There are about 100 species of Physalis.
physalis In the wild it grows on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus.Crop are 2 types: Mexican and strawberry.At room conditions the Mexican physalis reaches no more than 60 - 80 cm, and strawberry - 30 - 40 cm Leaves
-. Light green, broadly.The upper leaves are opposite, long-petiolate, ovate, entire, redkoopushennye.
The flowers are small, greenish-yellow, self-pollinating.
The flowers are solitary, drooping, located in the axils of upper leaves.Calyx fused, quinquedentate;whisk pyatilepestnoy, fused, greenish-white, 15-20 mm wide;stamens 5, attached at the base of the corolla;pistil of 2 carpels with upper ovary.
Fruit - orange-red berry spherical, outside covered with overgrown again in the form of a bubble, and painted in fiery red cup.The fruit - fleshy berry, different color (from red to pur
seed set.It blooms in summer.
occurs in open forests and among the shady bushes, near populated areas and in the vineyards, in places like weeds.
Physalis best varieties are: Moscow early, Clay Gribovsky, confectionery and others.
Fruits Physalis pleasant to the taste, they are used both in fresh and in processed form.
root system of plants - small, therefore it can be grown freely in the rooms, on balconies, loggias.
♦ Placement.Physalis - photophilous and heat-loving plant.In autumn and winter, it should be placed on light boxes, with the temperature in the room at least 18 - 25 ° C.In spring and summer, early autumn cape gooseberry is recommended to make the balcony, veranda, loggia, where it will grow well and produce a high yield of fruit.
♦ Planting and care.The best soil for planting are Physalis substrates with a neutral reaction, rich in organic matter.We recommend "biogrunt universal" soil mixture or "Rose", sold in flower shops.
physalis In the indoor environment should be grown seedling method.Seeds sown in small boxes, and then the best plants are transplanted into larger pots (diameter 15-20 cm) or separate boxes.The distance between plants 25-30 cm. Grow cape gooseberry bush without using the garter and pasynkovanie.Further care for the plant is infrequent watering and feeding, which is carried out every 10 days.As fertilizer is best to use a universal granular fertilizer for flowers "Flower" or liquid concentrated fertilizer "Rainbow".
Maturation first fruits occurs after 50 - 60 days after transplanting.
To enhance the branching, which consequently lead to an increase in the number of fruits on the plant, should be pinched apical shoots.
♦ Pests and diseases.Pest for Physalis are wireworms and winter moth.
Sick physalis same diseases as tomatoes, - phyto-fluorosis, blackleg.
♦ Reproduction - seeds.The seeds germinate at a temperature of + 20 ° C.Then the seedlings are planted at the age of 25 -30 days in pots or boxes.
Some species Physalis used in ornamental horticulture.Beautiful large flowers with a blue rim have an interesting biological features.Flowers-lanterns bloom at 12 o'clock, and in 16 hours closed.
We grow mainly two kinds: the Mexican and strawberry.Physalis undemanding to soil.On one bush Physalis you can get 3-5 kg of fruit.
Physalis love a good light, moist soil at an early age, dry air, moderately fertile soil during growth and development.Not suitable for him sour, heavy soils, does not like fresh manure cape gooseberry, excessive doses of fertilizers, prolonged cold spell (Low: 10 degrees).
Selecting varieties Physalis
Mexico (vegetable) physalis - ramified, tall (120 to 150 cm), undemanding plant, the most cold-resistant of all solanaceous crops (shoots appear at a temperature of 10-12 degrees).
He fairly large fruit (60-70 g), which concluded in Case consists.Fruits are coated with an adhesive substance, so they are released prior to use of shaped case and washed with hot water to remove the adhesive.
Strawberry (raisin) physalis lower (about 70 cm), the berries had smaller (30-40 grams) and more sweet, with a pleasant flavor, slightly reminiscent of strawberry, also in Case consists.This kind of Physalis more thermophilic (shoots appear at a temperature above 15 degrees).
widespread decorative cape gooseberry, with orange or yellow Case consists.Typically, they are used in winter bouquets.The berries are small and they are inedible.There are decorative Peruvian physalis, continuously blooming bright blue flowers.The shrub grows high (120- 150 cm), with a thick purple stems and resembles a small tree, entirely covered with flowers.
Features of growing physalis Physalis
easily propagated by self-seeding.From the fall of the fallen fruits on the soil in the spring shoots appear, as soon as the soil temperature warms up to 12 degrees.Grow seedlings through physalis just like tomatoes, but sow it on the seedlings can be a month later tomatoes, because it comes into fruition in 80-100 days after emergence, depending on the variety.It can be planted in open ground, but only after a spring frost bypassed.
on vegetable seedlings physalis need to sow approximately 40-50 days before transplanting into the soil or a greenhouse.In the North-West region of seeding done in late March.Early appearance of fruit varieties can be grown and nonseedlings way.watering and fertilizing mode is the same as in tomato, but, unlike him, did not physalis stepson and not form.Phytophthora physalis is not sick.
Stored physalis until spring right into Case consists in an ordinary cardboard box, which is held on the windowsill.
strawberry Physalis seedlings should be transplanted to a permanent place in the age of 30-40 days, with the landing of a place in the beginning of June, it should be to sow seedlings in late April, and during the landing in a greenhouse in early May - sown seedlings in late March.Sowing and care as for tomatoes.In the North-West under physalis strawberry growing in open ground is bad, it has to grow under cover (like cucumbers), who on the day should be removed.Yields it is much lower than the vegetable.
Fruits with both species Physalis must be collected in a timely manner, with the onset of their biological maturity, otherwise they will crack and fall to the ground, where they immediately begin to eat insects.Fruiting starts in July and lasts until frost the most.
All kinds of Physalis can grow their own seeds.The seeds are very small, they should be sown shallow, about 1 cm, and avoid thickening.Transplanting plants tolerate well.
From pests physalis sometimes attacked by aphids, but from disease - stem rot.Physalis flowers attract many pollinating insects.
good quality Physalis is that it is stored in the winter on the windowsill in an apartment in a cardboard box, Case consists necessarily in that lift as needed, and the berries are washed in hot water to wash away the sticky layer.
Medicinal raw materials are the ripe fruit.The raw material contains a colorant, a bitter substance called -. Fizalin, etc.
Physalis fruits are used in folk medicine.Apply them with rheumatism, urological and especially kidney ailments, liver disease and gall bladder.
from the dried fruits Physalis made ointment, which is used for rheumatic pains in the joints and muscles.Keep in mind that when using fruits Physalis necessary to separate cup containing toxic substances.
Fruits Physalis recommended as a diuretic with stones in the kidneys and bladder, purulent inflammation of the urinary organs, edema, gout, rheumatism.
Fruits Physalis useful in gallstone disease, jaundice, inflammation of the stomach, with traumatic brain injuries.It promotes the removal of kidney stones and gall bladder.
Incidentally, physalis relieves toothache, it does take 10-15 fruits make 0.5 liters of boiling water, boil for 5 minutes, a little cool, strain through two layers of cheesecloth and rinse your teeth with warm decoction 3-4 times a day.
In the Bulgarian folk medicine, a decoction of the fruit of Physalis is recommended for rheumatism, gout, jaundice, haemorrhage, pain in the stomach and intestines, as a diuretic and urinary excretion during the complicated hemorrhoids.
Broth: 15-30 g of dried fruit to 0.5 liters of water (the dose for 2 days, which should drink sips), or to eat 10-15 fresh fruit per day or drink 20 grams of juice of fresh fruits daily.
Eat fruits should be without calyx, which is poisonous!
Use in cooking
Both Physalis, and vegetable and strawberry, are rich in organic acids, especially citric acid, polysaccharides, pectins (cape gooseberry them more than in apples).
Contraindications for use in food from Physalis not.
Use vegetable physalis raw in salads, it is marinated, salted, used for cooking eggs, cook from it preserves, make jam, marmalade, candied fruit, as it has gelling properties.
Berries strawberry Physalis used fresh or dried to obtain raisins;cook them jam.
Physalis Fruits blanch for 2-3 minutes in hot water, then recline on a sieve, allow to drain water.Prepare syrup per 1 kg of fruit - 500 g sugar, and 0.5 liters of water.Pour the hot syrup should be prepared fruits Physalis.Leave syrup 3 - 4 hours- then add 500 g of sugar, heated gently with stirring until sugar is dissolved.Cook for 10 minutes.Leave on for exposure for 5-6 hours.Second time to cook for 10-15 minutes.
From the finished jam can be cooked candied.Ready jam poured on a sieve to drain the syrup.The fruits of Physalis put on a baking sheet and dry in the oven at 35 - 40 ° C.Then sprinkle fruit sugar.Store in a cardboard box, in a dry place.
Caviar from Physalis
Fruits and bake mince.Added sugar and salt to taste.
To prepare the marinade: 1 liter of water 1 tbsp.teaspoon salt, 3 tbsp.tablespoons sugar, 1 bay leaf, 4-5 pea black pepper, 3 tbsp.spoons 9% solution of vinegar, 1 tbsp.tablespoon of vegetable oil.
Clear Case consists of Mexican husk tomatoes, blanch 1 minute in boiling water, cut in half and put into a sterile jar on most shoulders slice up.Prepare the marinade and pour over the top of the cape gooseberry to banks.Roll up, turn on the cover and cool under a blanket.
Store in a cool place.