Useful and therapeutic properties of horsetail ( pine )
Perennial herb to 35 cm tall, reproduce by spores.Branched rhizome roots deep into the soil - up to 1 m or more, covered with small, thin roots and spherical nodules.Stems green, ribbed, segmented.The leaves scaly, fused into a cylindrical sheath with 8-10 teeth.Lateral branches - with chetyrehzubchatymi sheaths.In April and May there shoots, pale-yellow, up to 20 cm tall, succulent, segmented, with sheaths fused scaly leaves.At the top of the stems developed Sporebearing spike with modified leaves, on the bottom surface of which are arranged sporangia with spores.Sterile stems appear later in May-June.
Horsetail - the most common plant in all regions of Russia, found in the forest-steppe and steppe areas.It grows on meadows, crops, rivers, ravines and slopes on fallow fields.
Medicinal raw materials are the summer vegetative green shoots (stems) collected throughout the summer.Cut off at the root stalks quickly dried in the air.The smell of dried plant is missing, slightly sour taste.
When gathering should distinguish other species of horsetail, which have fewer medicinal properties: horsetail, whose branches arched hang down and re-branching, stem vagina 4-5-toothed, spore-bearing stems are developed simultaneously with the fruitless;.meadow horsetail, which stems in the upper part of the vagina and nipples are seated stems 10-15-toothed, growing in meadows and fields;marsh horsetail, having thick stems up to 1.5 m, the vagina with 15-20 awl-shaped teeth;marsh horsetail (toxic) - with lank branches (very similar to the field, but differs in hollow branches and the presence of spore-bearing spikelets on the top).
The grass horsetail contains akotinovaya (or ekvizetovaya) acid, saponins, oxalic acid, malic acid, carotene and vitamin C, tannins, bitter substances, carbohydrates, resins, as well as a significant amount of silicic acid, and calcium salts.
Horsetail preparations have a pronounced hemostatic and diuretic properties.They are used as a tincture and liquid extract as a diuretic for edema caused by circulatory failure, as well as in inflammatory processes of bladder and mochevshodyaschih ways, pleurisy with plenty of fluid, hemorrhoids and uterine bleeding as a hemostatic agent.Particularly effective preparations of horsetail in diseases of the kidneys and bladder.They have a diuretic effect and ability to dissolve kidney stones and bladder.Preparations from the grass give good results in pulmonary tuberculosis and skin diseases, not amenable to local external treatment.They act on the body as a tonic and cleanse
present means.As a cleaning agent, these drugs are shown in dropsy and jaundice.horsetail grass is part of the anti-asthmatic medicine (for Traskovu), there are indications of the use of horsetail in the treatment of dysentery.According to some scientists, the grass has a disinfectant, antiseptic, tonic and ra-nozazhivlyayuschee action.It is used orally in the form of tea with the disease of the lungs, kidneys and bleeding (4 h. Spoon 2 cups of boiling water, take sips throughout the day).Externally - as baths and herbal lotions with sluggish healing wounds, boils, sore throat, inflammation of the gums (as a rinse);with nosebleeds as washings.
not recommended to use drugs from horsetail in inflammatory diseases of the kidneys, because they cause irritation.
In Chinese medicine, a decoction of Horsetail is used in inflammation of the eye.In Poland - as a diuretic.Outwardly - baldness.
has long been known as a styptic and diuretic In folk medicine, herb horsetail.The aqueous extract is used for edema, especially of cardiac origin, with cholelithiasis, gout, rheumatism, bleeding, pulmonary hemoptysis, hemorrhoids.In Europe, the infusion of horsetail is recommended to use inside the treatment of lung diseases, and externally - for washing for a long time healing wounds and ulcers, and as a rinse with inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity and pharynx.
In homeopathy herb Horsetail is used as a hemostatic, diuretic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and toning blood vessels agent in hypertension, atherosclerosis, kidney disease (in small doses), liver and gastrointestinal tract.
good hemostatic effect is achieved by the use of wine from horsetail: 15-20 g to insist in 1 liter of white wine for a long time.Take in the morning on an empty stomach at 100-150 ml.Outwardly, this wine can be used as a cleansing lotion.
Broth: 50 g per 200 ml of boiling water;insist 20 minutes;use 3 Art.spoon 3-4 times a day;horsetail or powder dissolved in boiled water (30-50 g per 1 L).Take 150 grams of morning and evening.Effective with diarrhea, coughing up blood, as a diuretic and regulates menstruation remedy for kidney stones and other
extract a 30%:.. For half teaspoon 3-4 times a day.
Flask 1: 4 hours tablespoons herb pour 2 cups boiling water, to insist 15 minutes and drink a warm infusion during the day - a diuretic..
Flask 2: 50 g of chopped herbs infuse for 3 days in a glass of cold water and use for bathing, washing, compresses.
ointment on sores: 1 of the extract or condensed broth into 4 parts butter (unsalted) butter or petroleum jelly (preferably yellow).
When painful urine drinking tea from a hot infusion (napara) mixture of horsetail grass and flowers of chamomile equally.Reception - 3 cups per day."