Useful and therapeutic properties of the tea bush

August 12, 2017 17:59 | Drug Plants

evergreen shrub or small tree of the family tea, with spaced branches, leathery, elliptic, toothed leaves on edge with white fluffy flowers with a yellowish or slightly pinkish tinge, sitting singly or 2-4 in leaf axils.Fruit - a three-sided box with shiny round seeds, more than 1 cm in diameter.It blooms in August and November, the fruits ripen in November-December.

CIS tea is grown in Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Krasnodar Territory.

Medicinal raw materials are leaves.Leaves contain up to 35% of tannins, alkaloids are caffeine (2.5%), theophylline, theobromine and other flavonoids;.tion

ester oil, enzymes, vitamins C, Bj, K, P and PP.For tea harvested young shoot tips (flysch), which is located less than three young leaves.The leaves are spread out on the shelves and subjected to withering, as a result they become soft.Then the leaves are twisted and in this form they fermentation process proceeds, leading to considerable changes in their chemical composition.During this period the tea absorbs odorous

substances and is often subjected to a flavoring.By the end of the fermentation the leaves acquire a specific aroma of tea and a copper-red color.After subsequent drying in a hot air spetssushilkah they blacken.This is fed to a tea tea-packing factory.

In Central Asia, is widely used green tea.For its preparation are also young leaves, but have been subjected to fermentation.Dry them immediately after harvesting.Green tea is less aromatic, but physiologically more active.Pressed tiles black or green ( "brick") tea prepared from tea dropouts or collected autumn leaves rough.

Part of leaves and twigs of the tea bush, cut in the care of plants in plantations, as well as tea dust remaining in the tea-packing factories are the main source of caffeine in the industrial production of the country.Due to its physiological action this substance occupies a prominent place in the arsenal of therapeutic agents.Caffeine stimulates the cerebral cortex, increases reflex activity, speeds up and deepens breathing, strengthens the heart, improves low blood pressure, dilates blood vessels of the brain, heart and kidneys, increases the excretion of urine, secretion of gastric juice.

pharmaceutical industry produces drugs alkaloid caffeine and its connection with other substance -. Caffeine-sodium benzoate vrazlichnyh dosage forms.caffeine drugs are used to stimulate mental and physical activity, in case of poisoning,

failure cardiovascular activity, migraine, associated with vascular spasm.Caffeine - a potent aphrodisiac, and it can not be applied in increased excitability, insomnia, organic diseases of the cardiovascular system, atherosclerosis and hypertension.

hot water infusion of tea - as used throughout the drink.By drinking tea on the human body has an effect all the complex compounds contained therein.However, the stimulating properties of the beverage are mainly due to caffeine that is very easy to go into solution while insisting.The hot infusion becomes significant part and others. Tea physiologically active substances, including vitamins.The color and tart flavor infusion impart tannins, flavor - essential oils.

Various teas contain varying amounts of caffeine, tannins, aromatic, and others. Substances.In the Indian tea caffeine, tannins and extractives more than others, so it gives you a thicker and stronger infusion tones the body.From domestic varieties close to it Krasnodar tea.

tea is widely used in medicine.Strong tea is recommended in order to give first aid in case of poisoning, causing depression of the central nervous system, weakening of cardiac activity and respiration.Due to the high tannin content of tea has an astringent effect and improves digestion.It should be drunk in acute diarrhea and others. Disorders of the intestine or its activities.

Application

Green tea has anti-microbial properties.In this regard, a decoction of green tea (a. S. H.) Proposed for the treatment of dysentery.To cook 100 g of dry green tea poured 2 liters of water, insist 20-30 minutes, then boiled for one hour, stirring occasionally.Remove from heat broth filtered through a double layer of cheesecloth.tea residue (tea leaves) is poured over 1 liter of water and boiled for 40 minutes, then filter again broth) was

through cheesecloth.Both the filtrate is mixed, bottled and sterilized, after which the finished product can be stored in the refrigerator for six months, and at normal room temperature in a dark place - 3 months.Take the drug for 1-2 items.spoon 4 times a day for 20-30 minutes before a meal (children under one year give 1-2 teaspoons, and over the year -. 1 - 2 dessert spoons).The treatment of acute dysentery lasts 5-10 days, chronic - 16-20 days.In severe forms of the disease.h.h. The enema can be administered.O. h.h. as shown in colitis, enterocolitis, and dyspepsia.

Strong tea infusion is used for protection against excessive sunbathing.To do this, before going to the sun should wash tea and wipe the exposed parts of the body.Packs of strong tea relieves pain and fever with sunburn.