Useful and therapeutic properties of Salvia officinalis
Perennial herb to 75 cm tall.The root woody, branched, with a dense thin lobe of the roots at the bottom.Stems numerous, quadrangular, densely leafy, have dereveneyuschie roots.The leaves are opposite, petiolate, entire, oblong or oblong ovate, young - and white felt with crenate on the edge of the plate.The flowers are irregular, bilabiate, blue-purple, pink or white, gathered in whorls that form at the ends of branches racemose inflorescence.Fruit - chetyrehore SQA HICLES remaining in the cup.Blossoms in the second year of vegetation from the end of May to July.
plant cultivated in the Crimea and the Caucasus.It comes from the Mediterranean countries.
Medicinal raw materials are leaves, collected in the first year of vegetation in September, and in subsequent years, 2-3 times since the beginning of flowering until September inclusive.Drying leaves produced in the air in the shade, in attics or in the dryer at a temperature of 35-40 ° C..
smell of dried fragrant raw materials, especially when crushed
sage leaves contain starch, gum arabic, protein, tannins, mineral salts and essential oil (2.5%).Sage oil contains cineol, thujone, pinene and others. Terpenes.Fresh leaves contain volatile, and have a strong bactericidal action.
Sage leaves have a disinfectant, anti-inflammatory, astringent, hemostatic, emollient and limiting the influence of sweating.
is used in the form of infusion or tincture of the leaves to rinse the mouth with stomatitis, catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, various catarrhal conditions of the mucous membranes, sore throat, inflammation of the gums and gynecological diseases in the form of medical douches.
Sage preferably Hypericum in cases of suppuration of the gums and mucous membranes of the mouth.Astringent and anti-microbial action of sage used to suppress coccal infections, mainly associated with staphylococci.
It has long been noted by doctors antiperspirant effect of this plant, which occurs relatively quickly after ingestion of sage tea or tincture, and reaches a maximum after 2 hours.Inhibition of sweating sometimes lasts the whole day.Sage is considered most effective for night sweats in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis.Inside the tea from the leaves is prescribed for chronic bronchitis, inflammation of the renal pelvis.In its pure form or mixed with other herbs sage is used to treat diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, liver and gall bladder, as a diuretic, carminative, choleretic and astringent.In bronchial asthma smoke of sage leaves with leaves of Datura.Valuable assistance it can also provide women during lactation.Sage tea or tincture that are used within a few days as directed by the physician stops lactation.
In folk medicine sage is highly valued as a medicine, the leaves are used in gastritis, colitis, liver disease, kidney disease, bronchitis, as an expectorant, emollient and diuretic;when Shaking Palsy (in this disease sage tea is recommended long torment, taken orally and do sage bath).Green leaves without stems, dried, are considered to be useful in poor memory, night sweats, and dropsy.The most widely used sage as a rinse with angina, gingivitis, ulcers in the corners of the mouth (especially in children), while pig and others. It is used as a decoction, infusion, tincture, powder.Fresh grass is used externally for tumors.
The people have long used sage tincture of flowers: 3 ounces of flowers, 800 ml of alcohol and 400 ml of water, infuse for 40 days in the sun in a closed glass container.Take 1 tbsp.spoon mixed with water in the morning and on an empty stomach.This setting is recommended for older people to prolong life and stimulate the nervous system (shelf life 1 year tincture).
used sage as an expectorant;decoction, tincture or powder on the wine drinking with inflammation of the renal pelvis and gall bladder (for effect added wormwood powder - 3 part sage 1 part of Poland).
As an external agent preparations of sage used for festering wounds (as a tincture), thrush in children (with vinegar).When the flux, toothache, gum disease and throat good mixture of two concoctions: sage (5 g per 1 cup of water) and oak bark (5 g per 1 cup of water).Broths filtered and mixed.The resulting mixture is used to rinse in hot form.
Ancient physicians (Hippocrates, Dioscorides, and others.) Was considered a sage of "sacred herb" and the most useful remedy, especially women with infertility.In Egypt, after the epidemic forced the women to use sage to multiply more people.When infertility was recommended sage juice with a little salt.
In Chinese medicine, sage is used as a tonic, appointed, in addition, dysmenorrhea, rheumatism, externally for chronic skin diseases.
Used sage in hypertension, atherosclerosis (especially in menopause in women), Shaking Palsy, as well as for therapeutic baths, rinses and douches.
Flask 1: 1 tbsp.a spoonful of chopped sage leaves pour a glass of boiled water, 20 minutes, filter, store in a cool place no more than 2-3 days, sometimes the number of leaves for the preparation of the infusion increased to 20 g per cup of boiling water.1 tbsp.spoon infusion
diluted in a glass of water for a gargle for gingivitis and stomatitis.Sometimes leaves are used together with boric acid, which is added in an amount of 2 g per cup of infusion.Dilute 1 tbsp.spoonful of tincture in a glass of lukewarm water and rinse your mouth after eating.
Tincture: 20% th;20 drops three times a day.
mixture of drugs for thrush: 1 part vinegar and 3 parts of broth (20 g per 200 ml) of the sage;is used as a lotion.
Flask 2: 5 g of chopped herbs to brew 400 ml of boiling water, take 20-30 ml every 3-4 hours with gastritis, gastric ulcers, flatulence, inflammation of the liver and gall bladder.
When the disease of the nervous system, we recommend the following recipe: sage leaves - 5 g, Dubrovnik leaves - 5 tons, hot water - 50 ml.Take 3 times a day before meals.
sage wine is also used for therapeutic purposes: sage leaves - 80 grams, wine - 1 liter.To insist 8 days, take 20-30 ml after meals.
powder: 1 or pinch 1.3 g of 3 times a day.
This herb should not be taken in high doses for a long time and without a doctor, as it can cause poisoning and irritation of mucous membranes.
During asthmatic attacks the good effect gives a few small puffs of a cigarette made from the dried leaves of Datura and sage.Mixture: take equally small piece of dope and a leaf of sage, roll a cigarette, delayed several times is not very much smoke.The attack takes place.This, of course, does not cure asthma, but brings relief.
Other varieties of sage are less effective.