Spinach beneficial properties
Spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) - an annual herbaceous plant of the family Chenopodiaceae with triangular-lanceolate, fleshy, tender leaves.The greens may be obtained from an open ground in early spring, especially when there is a shortage in fresh vegetables.By the number of protein spinach yields only peas and beans.In addition, it contains little sugar, minerals (iron, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, sodium and calcium), a significant amount of iodine, vitamin C (64 mg%), B1 (0.30 mg%), B2 (to 0.30 mg%), P, K, E, D, folic acid, and carotene.
homeland spinach is considered Iran.In the Caucasus and Central Asia, there are wild species.In Europe, he has appeared in the XV century from Spain, which was previously introduced by the Arabs.Arab scientists awarded him the title "King of fruits".During the Renaissance, the spinach has spread widely in Europe.In Russia, he appeared in the middle of the XVIII century.
There are more than 20 varieties of cultivated spinach, characterized by high d
Victoria - relatively late-.Rosette leaves compact, pressed, small, with a diameter of 10-20 cm. The leaves are round or rounded-oval, with short petioles, dark green silnopuzyrchatye.The weight of the plants 25-28 Zhirnolistny - is middle.Rosette medium-compact, polupripodnyataya diameter of 25- 28 cm. The leaves are large, juicy, slabopuzyrchato-undulating green.The weight of the plants 20-32
Giant - precocious, has a fairly compact outlet diameter of 40-50 cm Leaves are oblong-oval, slabopuzyrchatye, light green..The weight of the plants 20-39
Care: in phase 2 leaves of plants thinned out to a distance of 6-8 cm of stem to prevent premature dry and hot weather crops are regularly watered and fed ammonium nitrate (7-10 g / m2)..
♦ placement. spinach must be intense light, so after germination (when sown in January - February) boxes or pots of plants mounted on a window sill or in the heated glazed verandas, loggias and greenhouses as close as possible to the light.The optimum temperature is 14 content - + 18 ° C.Under these conditions, you will be within a month to collect in the cold, winter, fresh green spinach.
best substrate for growing indoor spinach is the earthen mixture of rich turf ground, humus and river sand (2: 2: 1).High yields are obtained by using spinach universal "Biogrunta".The substrate is best to sleep in small boxes or pots of 12-15 cm layer
♦ Pests and diseases -. Mined fly and aphids.From spinach diseases mostly affect the downy mildew and root rot.
♦ Reproduction - seeds.Before sowing the seeds for 1-2 days soaked in water and sown to a depth of 1.5-2 cm. When sowing indoors optimal allocation of 30 seeds per 1 m2.Sow spinach in a groove with a distance between 5-6 cm, 3-4 cm between plants. Seedlings thinned if necessary.Frequently and abundantly watered.After 12 to 15 days after germination the plants fed.It is best used as fertilizer liquid concentrated fertilizer "Rainbow".Read more about the cultivation of spinach can see here.
leafy vegetables - spinach, spinach, garden quinoa, sorrel and rhubarb - are a group of plant spinach, greens which is suitable for use in cheese and boiled.
greatest value of this group of plants has spinach as a source of vitamin B complex.Moreover, vitamin C and carotene of spinach are very resistant and almost destroyed during cooking.The plant is rich in minerals, especially iron.Protein in dry matter spinach contains 1.5 times more than in the dry matter of milk.
This sheet contains digestible plant proteins, carbohydrates, and high in potassium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, iodine, vitamins and secretin, promotes better digestion.
Greens Spinach is rich in vitamins, minerals, proteins.By the number of proteins it is next to the milk, and second only to meat.
spinach leaves are eaten raw (like salad) and boiled form.Of these, together with sorrel soup boil, cook mashed potatoes and sauces.It has proven its canned spinach puree, which saved significant amounts of carotene (provitamin A) and vitamin C. Green juice of the leaves is used for coloring canned (eg green peas).Due to the large amount of protein, as well as the variety and high content of vitamins spinach it is a very valuable product for baby food and dietary and prophylactic against scurvy and other deficiency diseases.Spinach is rich in iron and chlorophyll its chemical composition is close to the hemoglobin of the blood.Therefore, it is very useful for patients with malignant anemia and tuberculosis.
In Russia there are several varieties of early ripening.The most famous "Rostov", "Dutch", "viroflay".Grade "Gaudry" distributed in Latvia and Moldova.
In the food consumed young leaves collected in the rosette.As soon as the flower stem, leaves stiffen and lose their nutritional value.Spinach is resistant to low temperatures and is promising for use in food in early spring, when there are not enough plants that contain significant amounts of vitamins.
Spinach second piggy bank vitamins after the wild rose.Of particular importance for therapeutic purposes is folic acid.An adult man needs to be about 2 mg per day.In children up to 1 year the need for it was 0.5 mg and 1 to 10 years - 1 mg per day.Usually healthy persons failure it is not observed in the body, because it comes into contact with food, and is also synthesized in the gut by bacteria.Deficiency can occur in people suffering from colitis, malabsorption of nutrients in the small intestine or liver disease, treatment with antibiotics and sulfa drugs.Lack of folic acid is shown mainly in violation of the hematopoietic function of the body.This also observed dysfunction of the gastrointestinal tract, decrease the body's defenses.Folic acid is used to treat anemia of various origins.
Currently folic acid is produced industrially and is assigned a doctor, is used in tablets.
physiologically important for human chemical compounds found in plants is chlorophyll.Chlorophyll and its products can enhance the hematopoietic function of the human body.Thus, folic acid and chlorophyll have on the body and make the combined effect of spinach useful not only for healthy people, but also for patients.It is indicated for use in case of anemia.
spinach leaves are used and drug target.Thus, for example, used the property contained in spinach saponin initiate the activity of digestive glands and intestinal motility.If constipation and flatulence in the intestines take 10 grams of leaves per cup of boiling water, boil for 10-15 minutes, after cooling drink 1/4 cup 3-4 times a day before meals.The same decoction can be recommended in all cases, when shown a dietary food spinach.
Useful properties of this culture allowed to use it as a therapeutic and dietary agents for diseases of the blood, digestive system, cardiovascular system.It is very useful in infant formulas - for bone formation, as antirachitic agent.
spinach leaf decoction is drunk against constipation and flatulence in the intestine (10 g per 1 cup boiling water, boil for 10-15 minutes, strain off) 0.5 cup 3-4 times a day before meals.Drinking spinach juice is recommended at infringement of children's growth, the most severe form of constipation, diseases of the gums (mixed with carrot juice), as a means to supply the nervous system of manual workers and people neurotic warehouse.
Due to the significant number of valuable mineral salts and an abundance of various vitamins it is used in the treatment of malignant anemia and thyroid diseases.Regular consumption of it contributes to the normal operation of the heart.Recently spinach steel used as a medicine against radiation sickness.
Use in cooking
Spinach - an annual spicy vegetable whose leaves are commonly used in food.Spinach has a sweet flavor and slightly sour taste.
eat fresh spinach, steamed, stewed, fried, frozen, dried or canned in the form of boiled mashed potatoes.
Spinach and numerous dishes from it are beneficial to the body.
spinach is used mainly in cooked form.Mistress conserve it for the winter.With skillful harvesting spinach leaves do not lose vitamins.
From leaf spring spinach salad can be prepared in excellent: 300-400 g spinach leaves, cut into small strips, finely chopped 2 hard-boiled eggs and mix with mayonnaise.
Young green spinach put in salads, soups (nettle soup, okroshka), sauces, hot egg dishes, meat, fish, poultry, vegetables, served with cheese, bacon, toast, cream, pine nuts, tomatoes, beans, peas, rice.
defrosted spinach suitable for salads, soups, salad mashed potatoes, scrambled eggs, omelets, spinach snack cream, garnish with meat, chicken and fish, fillings for pies, casseroles, and others.
Dried and canned spinach is good as a source of vitaminsin the winter time.This spinach added to soups and main courses of meat and fish.
Chef's Tip: To spinach dish was delicious, you need to fill it with a mixture of fresh lemon juice and olive oil (at a ratio of 1 tablespoon of oil in the spoon 1 teaspoon of juice..).Or add to a dish to the little green spinach sorrel.
Spinach goes well with nutmeg, citrus zest, black pepper, dill, fennel, parsley, basil and other spices.
Spinach eat boiled, braised or stewed and raw.Before using spinach sorted out, removing the rotten and damaged leaves, and carefully washed several times in a large amount of cold water.
spinach leaves cut.Pour the prepared dressing: 1/2 cup sour whisk 2 tablespoons vegetable oil, 1 tbsp.spoon of vinegar, add sugar to taste, salt and pepper.Sprinkle with chopped dill and parsley.
Omelette with raw spinach
200 g raw spinach finely chop.In bowl, beat four egg yolks with salt and 2 tablespoons of hot water, mix with spinach.Of proteins and two tablespoons of cold water tight whip lather and gently mix it with spinach and egg yolks.From this mass of 2 to bake omelet in the frying pan, greased.Ready to roll omelets and immediately bring to the table.Spinach omelets - healthy dinner for children, for adults they can be served as an appetizer.
salad of raw spinach
500 g spinach, juice of 1 lemon, CT 3 tablespoons vegetable oil, 1 h. Spoon of grated horseradish, small onion, parsley dill IPT.
Finely chopped raw spinach mixed with grated horseradish, onion, chopped parsley or dill, add lemon juice, vegetable oil.Mix well.Salad can be served with various meat and fish dishes.
400 grams of spinach, 30 g margarine or butter, 100 grams of oatmeal or rice, 1.5 liters of water or broth, salt, pepper, 1/2 cup sour cream, yogurt or yogurt, fried onions (cut into slices).
The melted fat quickly fry oatmeal or rice, pour in boiling water and cook until soft grits.Then add the chopped spinach, salt, a pinch of pepper and a little boil.
Garnish with spinach
1 kg of spinach, 2 onions, 40 g margarine or butter, 30 g of flour and pepper.
Spinach pour 3/4 cup of boiling water and bring to a boil.The broth is separated and used to prepare the sauce, spinach and chop with onions.Separately, prepare the sauce: fry the flour with the fat until light yellow in color, dilute the hot broth, bring to a boil and cook for 5-7 minutes.The resulting mass enter prepared vegetables, salt, pepper and boil while stirring for an additional 2-3 minutes.
Spinach baked with sausage
1 kg spinach, 200 g of white bread, 2-3 eggs, 150 g of sausage or cooked meat, margarine, salt, nutmeg and red pepper.
Finely chopped spinach, salt, put in its own juice and mix with soaked and pressed white bread, eggs, sausage or diced meat and spices.Massa put in a greased ring-shaped oil ( "miracle" type), and bake oven.
finished dish to pass on a heated plate.The middle of the ring can be filled with hot mashed potatoes or boiled rice.
Omelet with spinach
500 grams of spinach, 8 eggs, nutmeg, 2 tablespoons.tablespoons flour, margarine or butter, salt.
Chopped spinach extinguish fat.In the prepared mass to enter the egg yolks, flour, salt, spices.All mix and add the beaten egg white.The mixture is poured onto a hot, greased pan and bake.
fritters of spinach with potatoes
At 500 g spinach and potatoes, 100 g of flour, 2 eggs, sour cream, melted fat, nutmeg, salt, grated horseradish.
Boil potatoes, mash and mix with the flour, nutmeg, salt.Raw spinach finely chop and mix with eggs and potatoes prepared mass.Fry the pancakes on both sides on a hot, greased pan.When serving pour sour cream and sprinkle with grated horseradish.
In Italy, spaghetti sauce served with cheese and spinach.It is easy to cook and at home.You will need 150 grams of frozen spinach, 100g of cheese such as Roquefort cheese, 1.5 cups cream, 2 tbsp.grated cheese "Parmezat" and 1/2 hours. The spoon of black pepper.The thawed spinach, bring to a boil in oil, mix with crumbled cheese such as Roquefort cheese, parmesan, cream and pepper.On low heat melt the cheese.
can cook a casserole and spinach with cheese: 500 g spinach, 100 g soaked cheese, egg, 1/2 cup milk, 2 tbsp.tablespoons of sunflower oil, salt.Moved and washed spinach finely chopped and slightly put out in oil, cheese mash with a fork, beat the egg and milk.Transfer the spinach to the pan, smooth, pour the resulting mixture and place in oven for 10 minutes.
Lasagne of spinach with cheese sauce
Preparation time: 15 min.Baking: 45 min.
per serving 720 calories.
1 kg of frozen leaf spinach, 1 onion, 2 cloves of garlic, 1 tbsp.tablespoon butter, salt, 200 grams of fat cream cheese, 150 g sour cream, pepper, nutmeg, 150 g of lasagna plates (not pre-boil), 150 g of grated cheese.
1. Thaw the spinach, squeeze and cut into strips.Onions and garlic are chopped.Heat the butter and stew in it both.Add spinach, salt and simmer for 3 minutes.
2. Preheat oven to 200 ° C.For the sauce, melt in a saucepan over low heat, stirring constantly, cream cheese and sour cream.Season with salt, pepper and nutmeg.
3. Grease a baking dish.Put it in layers alternately cheese sauce, a plate of lasagna and spinach leaf.Complete cheese sauce.Sprinkle with grated cheese.Bake in the oven for 45 minutes.If desired decorate with fresh spinach leaves.
Spinach with toasted
Spinach leaves are sorted, washed in cold water, put in a pan, pour a little water and cook over high heat, covered.Cooked spinach is wiped.Simultaneously with this sauce prepared milk which is mixed with spinach, salt is added a little nutmeg powder, and then heated well.To prepare the croutons take white bread cut into small slices, soaked in milk, mixed with eggs and sugar, and fry in butter until golden brown.When a table ready spinach spread in a deep dish and garnish the edges in the form of stacked toast.In spinach, you can also put the peeled eggs, boiled "in the bag".Per kilogram of spinach consume a tablespoon of flour, one fourth of a glass of milk (for the sauce) and 1-2 tablespoons of Russian oil.
300 g of fresh or frozen spinach, 3 tbsp.