Useful and therapeutic properties of orchids
Perennials two klubnekornyami (young and growing old the dying), palmate or round.Stem single, erect, unbranched.Leaves are alternate, entire, linear or lanceolate, with parallel veins.The flowers are irregular, brightly colored (purple, purple-red, and others.) In the apical racemose inflorescences with bracts.Perianth simple, corolla, six leaflets in two circles.The outer leaves are almost identical, from the inner bottom - larger forms lip with spurs Coy at the base.The fruit - capsule, opening with six longitudinal slots.Seeds numerous, very small.Blossoms in May-June.The fruits ripen in July and August.
orchis male - with purple flowers in dense cylindrical inflorescence up to 15 cm
Orchis spotted -. With pink and purple spotted flowers with thick ovoid-cylindrical brush length of 3-9 cm
Orchis broadleaf -. With lilac-Pink flowers in dense ovoid-cylindrical inflorescence (grows in swamps and wet locations).
Orchis Morio - with dark purple flowers in a small sparsely inflorescence.
Medicinal raw materials are tubers, which in dried form known as salep.
collection of tubers produced at the end of flowering or shortly after flowering plants that have not yet eliminated the flower arrow.The shape distinguish 2 types of salep: round - 1-1.5 cm thick, which is considered the best, and finger, is less thick (0.5-1 cm).Roots dug from the ground purified quickly washed in cold water for 1-2 minutes, and immersed in boiling water to prevent the germination of tubers during drying and to accelerate it.Dried material in the shade or in a dryer at a temperature of 50 ° C.Ready raw material - well dried tubers - dense,
too heavy, slightly translucent;have no taste and odor, off-white or whitish gray.
tubers contain about 50% slime, 27% starch, 5% of proteins, sugars, calcium oxalate and mineral salts.
Since ancient times, orchids were used as a restorative remedy for paralysis in the recovery period, while long-term healing ulcers and as preventing the spread of herpes - infection of the lips.
In modern medicine used young tubers with gastrointestinal disease, acute and chronic respiratory diseases, chronic and acute bronchitis, gastroenteritis, enteritis, diarrhea, dysentery, especially in children, diarrhea, inflammation of the bladder, the poisoning of some poisons.
young tubers are used as a means of restoring power after a serious illness, experiences in senile exhaustion, TB patients and those who have suffered severe bleeding.
salep is very useful, especially for children suffering from intestinal catarrh.The aqueous emulsion yatryshnikovuyu with success use in enemas for diarrhea, including dysentery.To the emulsion was added with a decoction of linseed (1 h. Spoon of flax seeds in 1 cup of boiling water).
in East tubers salep used when severe weakness, to restore health.
Some believe that the tubers orchids help with impotence.
In folk medicine, powdered tubers found very useful as an aphrodisiac sexual weakness, in tuberculosis, in order to maintain strength in old age and those who have suffered severe bleeding, trauma;in diseases of the stomach, diarrhea, dysentery, gastric and duodenal ulcers, ulcerative colitis, dystrophy, catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, inflammatory diseases of the mouth and throat and food
et al. poisoning when to treat inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract tissue is requiredenveloping mucus.
When diarrhea for more effect do an enema of salep solution with the addition of 1/10 of the flaxseed.
salep If no in pharmacies, it is possible to prepare: tubers were dug orchids purified from small roots and the upper skin, strung on a thread are immersed for some minutes (1-3) in boiling water to kill odor removal and bitterness, as well asto tubers could not germinate.
Taking of boiling water and dried in the open air (in the shade) or in a warm room.Dried tubers should have a yellowish color and some vitreousness or transparency.
Note.To test the goodness salep powder, it is necessary to take 1 part per 100 parts of water and boil;It should get a thick and almost colorless slime;if for cooling to the mucus to add few drops of iodine control, mucus should buy blue.Before use, tubers triturated first diluted in cold boiled water, 10 parts, is added and then 90 parts of boiled water (or hot milk), stirred to obtain a liquid thickish as liquid cream.
for malnourished people's daily dose - 40g Water
or milk with honey.
In traditional practice, salep used in the form of mucus, which is prepared as follows: tubers were pulverized, pour hot water (temperature 50-60 ° C) in a ratio of 2 g of dried root per cup of water, then stirred for 10-15 minutes.Mucus is stored in a cool place no more than 2-3 days, but it is better to cook and just take 1 tbsp.spoon before meals in diseases of stomach and intestine 4-5 times a day.
bronchitis take before and after meals for 1 h. Spoon on reception.Eat-ing obtained by gelling weight can at all diseases, together with cereals, broths, milk, etc. Products.Massa has neither taste nor smell.Babies dose should be reduced according to age.
Infusion: 1 teaspoon of the crushed tubers boiled water and leave for 15 minutes, shaking occasionally, in a warm place;.the infusion should be drunk hot.When children are given the infusion of diarrhea in the cold.
Decoction: 3-10 g per 200 ml;1-2 Art.spoon 3-4 times a day
Enema:. 2 tsp salep in 2 cups boiling water (after moistening the powder with cold water), add a quarter teaspoon of flax seed pounded.