Propolis treatment and application
Propolis (from the Latin word patch, to stick), is a resinous adhesive yellowish-green, dark green or brown, which has a bitter taste and specific smell.As storage propolis darkens, thickens and loses its smell.The feedstock for propolis are resinous substance collected by bees from various parts of plants, especially kidneys.Revised in the hive propolis is one of the main building materials.Bees use it for bonding together the movable parts of the hive, coating the inner surface, filling the slots, polishing of cells in which the larvae are grown.Propolis walled wormed their way into the hive pests.Propolis
melts at a temperature of 65 C, it is poorly soluble in water, slightly better - in alcohol and completely - in ether.
This is not a food product, the bees use it for glossing over cracks in the hive, reducing tap-hole, polishing cells and give them strength, cover them with the laps, placed on top of the framework, which contributes to better preservation of the heat in the nest, walled pests
Origin, the chemical composition of propolis is not fully understood.However, many argue that the bulk of the bees collect propolis from adhesive wood kidneys that produce resinous substances, and pollen grains.Composition bee glue (propolis) are not equal, on average, it contains: resins and balsams - about 55%, essential oils - about 10% wax - 30% pollen 5%, in addition, it includes aromaticsubstance.
Propolis has a high antimicrobial action, prevents the development of putrefactive processes, helps microbes death.Thanks to these properties, it has long been widely used in medicine for the treatment of skin diseases, tuberculosis as propolis ointment or alcohol solution.Applies it in the veterinary treatment of farm animals, and also has a number of technical applications, especially in the paint industry for the manufacture of coatings that cover the surface of stringed musical instruments and wooden dishes (cups, bowls, spoons), finds application in the manufacture of plastics,particularly phonograph records.
Harvest propolis mainly scraping chisel with top and side bars of the framework, potolochin and lap.Gather be seen from a beehive, as it sticks to a large number of various debris, which is a favorable environment for vnutriulevyh parasites.When collecting propolis wax necessarily separated.Keep propolis recommended in a dark, cool place, it should be noted here that when storing it there are some changes in its chemical composition, but a significant reduction in antimicrobial properties not observed.
At low temperatures (below zero) propolis becomes extremely brittle, hardened, as rosin.Melting point 65 ° C, is completely dissolved in ether and poorly - in alcohol.
Due to the high market value of propolis it possible falsification, which is not easy to recognize.For medicinal purposes, the preferred propolis obtained directly in the apiary or from a person associated with the work in the apiary, and known to the buyer.The most reliable pharmacy drugs: proposol, propolis spray, 10% propolis ointment - propotseum and homeopathic ointment "Propolis".
What prized propolis, why he is so popular?Evidently, because it simultaneously in honey and many active ingredients are combined: bactericidal virusocidal, antifungal, analgesic, anti-inflammatory and regenerative.
believed that propolis is useful as a biostimulant not only patients but also healthy people, because relieves fatigue and increases efficiency.
antimicrobial action of propolis, delivered to various apiaries, different in strength.It depends on many factors: time of collection, type of plant from which bees obtained resinous-ether mass of the kidneys, from the area of their growth.The latter, apparently, due to differences in the macro-and microelement composition of soils.The most active antimicrobial against considered propolis obtained in the Altai and the North Caucasus, the mountainous areas of the Crimea and Bulgaria.
In vitro propolis stops the growth of common pathogens such as Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus hemolytic and zelenyaschy.Under the influence of propolis parathyphoid coli and Proteus are killed after 4 hours, Pseudomonas aeruginosa - 6 hours, and even the most stable - spore-forming bacillus anthrax -. 4-8 hours detrimental effect propolis and tuberculosis bacteria.The data on the antimicrobial and antifungal effects of propolis have given reasons for its application in medical practice.These properties of propolis are used in the canning of fish products, as reported by KEBernhard and SASekatskii technology from the laboratory processing of fish Siberian Scientific Research and Design Institute of Fisheries (Tyumen).The proposed method of processing frozen fish allows to lengthen its storage without any signs of fat muscle tissue oxidation.In fat tissue stabilizer as they have successfully used propolis.
Since propolis - active chemical, it is quite natural to expect that he can not heal and hurt in some pathological processes.There are cases of extremely high sensitivity, an allergic reaction to propolis.In this regard, one must be especially careful in the appointment of inhaled aqueous-alcoholic solution, until the appointment so they should be sure to pre-lubricate the skin sample with 20% alcohol solution of propolis.If redness, itching - inhalation canceled.The successful use of propolis is reported in special editions Apimondia (Bucharest, 1975, 1980, 1981, 1983, 1988).But, unfortunately, so far it is only the message, not the official recognition and public health recommendations, in particular the Ministry of Health of Russia.Due to the fact that the study is still ongoing propolis and its use in our country legally permitted only for outdoor purposes: burns, wounds, ulcers.As an exception allowed to use propolis inside with tuberculosis and chronic inflammatory diseases of the lung.
list of diseases for which it is recommended propolis: various dermatoses microbial and fungal origin - neurodermatitis, eczema, abrasions, hydradenitis, trophic ulcers, itching.
way, itching can be caused by many reasons:. Violation of antitoxic function of the liver by excessive formation of histamine and delay in the skin, etc. In these cases, propolis may enhance itching.
According VF Bolshakova (1989), propolis and its products have been successfully tested in many patients (more than 2 thousand people) in the Gorky Research Institute STI since 1956 in a number of dermatoses - eczema, neurodermatitis,psoriasis, tuberculosis, kidney and skin, pustular diseases, alopecia hair loss, trophic ulcers, etc. .:
oral disease - inflammation and ulcers (stomatitis, gingivitis, tonsillitis, glossitis).Applied biological dressings, chewing gums and candies, propolis as such for chewing and applications on the gums;
purulent post-burn and deep wounds (a 15% Propolis antibiotic ointment);unhealed wounds ear cavity after tympanoplasty and purulent otitis;
inflammation and ulceration in gynecological diseases (cervical erosion, coleitis, endocervite);
tuberculosis, bronchial tubes and lungs.There propolis preparations are used for a long time and are appointed by the intolerance of antibacterial drugs or resistance to them mycobacteria tuberculosis.This propolis activates defense mechanisms function, enhances phagocytosis, increase the amount of blood in a protective protein and specific antibodies;
renal tuberculosis (in all cases the use of propolis preparations mentioned strengthening of its action with antibiotics);
use propolis ointment contributed to the success in autodermoplasty: reduction of terms of treatment, complete healing of skin grafts;
various diseases of the eye;. Keratitis, etc. It is recommended to 3-5% -s propolis ointment on vaseline oil and 1% aqueous emulsion of propolis;
various diseases of the respiratory tract: rhinitis, tracheitis, bronchitis, chronic pneumonia and bronchial asthma in adults and children.Here, recommended 20% alcoholic solution of propolis 5-7 drops 3 times a day, aerosol "Proposol", and inhalation of 5% ethanol-water solution or a mixture of propolis and propolis wax (M. Petrov, 1971; I.Mihaylosku, 1976).
easiest way inhalation of propolis and wax, which can be used at home: 60 g and 40 g of propolis wax placed in a small glass jar and cover it up with the tip of the funnel.Bank placed in a pot of boiling water.Propolis melt under these conditions.They point out volatile - volatile substances.Inhale they recommended caution through the funnel, paper bag.For this purpose, dryer can be used, the mask, as with inhalation and honey.Inhalation is recommended in the morning and evening for 10-15 minutes.- Gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer disease, chronic gastritis with low acidity, colitis.When intestinal infections in young children increases the body's natural defenses.It applies an alcoholic solution of propolis on the 40-60 drops polstakane milk, water, or 0.25-0.5% of novocaine before meals 3 times a day or every 1.5-2 hours after a meal.It recommended and 10% solution of propolis 15-20 drops 3 times a day for 1.5 hours before meals for 18-20 days.If necessary, treatment is repeated in 1-2 weeks.Reported on the use in this disease Propolis oil - 1 teaspoon 3 times a day, 1.5 hours after a meal..In Bulgaria, with ulcers in addition to conventional drugs used 20% alcohol solution of propolis 8-10 drops with water 3 times a day before meals for two months.In Austria, in this disease recommend 5% alcoholic extract of propolis 5 drops of water three times a day before meals.
Thus, the conventional methods of treatment of propolis diseases of the gastrointestinal tract does not exist.No and official guidance on this matter on the part of health authorities.At the same time, self-medication, of course, undesirable, emerged in 1971, it continues today.Propolis treatment should only be carried out in a clinic or hospital under regular medical supervision.
For the treatment of ulcers, fissures, pruritus rectal mucosa, hemorrhoids without prolapse in 1972 in the Research Institute of proctology of the Russian Federation Ministry of Health successfully used propolis candles.
According to N. Todorov (1984, Bulgaria), was an effective use of a 30% solution of propolis in subacute and chronic colitis.In order to establish the body's allergic response at the beginning of treatment, patients were given 30 drops of this solution in a glass of warm water or raw milk one hour before meals 3 times a day.In the absence of allergy propolis solution has given 40 drops 3 times a day for an hour before a meal with a diet № 4.
successfully used for chronic prostatitis candles made from propolis extract (0.2 g) and cocoa butter (2 g).Candles were injected into the rectum 1 time a day at bedtime for 1 month.(2- 3 courses) with a 1-2-month break between them.According to ShLobsters (2002) as a result of five years of research on the treatment of propolis and other active bee products (Bappoo) men complaining of fatigue, weakness, loss of libido, erectile attenuation, 80% of patients noted improvement in health status.
Recently propolis time began to be used to remove calluses, cleansing the teeth, strengthen gums, strengthen secretion and gastric motility in the manufacture of chewing gum and toothpaste (used anti-caries effects of propolis), corn removers.Propolis is used in pure form or in the form of a 30% ointment to remove calluses: pre-made hot foot bath (10-15 min), then heated propolis slice thinly applied on corn and fixed with a bandage for 5 days.After three treatments take a hot foot bath.Softening Corn is removed.
How to say ASNemodanova and ZGChanisheva (Bashkirkostanskaya Agricultural Academy), propolis in small concentrations is not toxic, accelerates corneal regeneration processes, improves trophic eyes, reduces pain, promotes the resorption of infiltration.Established prophylactic and therapeutic effect of propolis when epiteliitah - inflammatory diseases of the skin and mucous membranes, resulting from irradiation.
Therapeutic drugs from propolis and their preparation:
alcohol-aqueous solutions of different concentrations;
thick ointment (Vaseline-lanolic);
liniment (suspended in liquid oils - petroleum jelly, olive, sunflower and others);
slurry in milk (milk propolisnoe);
slurry in butter (propolisnoe oil);
propolis as such in the form of cakes of different sizes.
alcohol concentrate Preparation: 300 g of crushed propolis pour 1 liter of 96% alcohol, to insist 5 days in a tightly sealed glass container dark, shaking his daily 10-15 min, stored in a dark place.The solution was filtered through cheesecloth.The residue is weighed, thereby defining the amount of the solution and its concentration of propolis in alcoholic solution.The solution was active for a long time.Preparation
alcohol and alcohol-water solutions of different concentrations: alcoholic concentrate is diluted with alcohol or distilled water to the desired concentration (typically 2 or 4%).Preparation
aqueous solution (akvapropolisa, propolis water):
a) is poured in a flask with 100 ml of distilled water was placed into it 10 g of crushed propolis.Boiled in a water bath, often shaking flask for 1 h, filtered through cheesecloth.Prepare before each use.Applied in the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis;
b) 30 g of crushed and purified from mechanical impurities propolis pour 100 ml of distilled water, insist 5 days, shaking occasionally.The extract was then filtered through cheesecloth.Apply in the form of applications in pure form or as a slurry with white clay to treat cheilitis, candidiasis, glossalgia.Due to the fact that the propolis is poorly soluble in water, it is expedient to increase the concentration by increasing the amount to about 50 grams and applying the boiling until complete dissolution of propolis.Preparation
thick ointment: enamelware in pure petrolatum and lanolin adjusted (in the ratio 1: 1) in a water bath to a light boil, then this mixture was placed in crushed propolis knife (15-20-50 g based on 100 g vazelino-lanolin mixture).Heat the mixture for 10 minutes, stirring occasionally.Dishes covered with a lid.After 5 minutes of cooling (before thickened mass) content is packed in glass jars which are then capped or parchment paper, and stored in the refrigerator.If propolis contains visible mechanical impurities weight should be hot filtered through a thin layer of gauze.
Preparation liniment: 1 liter of liquid oils (vaseline, sunflower, corn, olive), warmed on a water bath to boil the water, melt the pieces crushed propolis (from 10 g (10%) and 50 g (50%) obtained.warm the mixture, stirring occasionally, for 20-30 minutes, cooled and filtered through cheesecloth Pour into wide mouth glass bottles, close and store in refrigerator
Preparation Propolis milk:.. fresh whole milk to bring in an enamel pot to a boil, lower it finelycut up slices of propolis per 1 liter of milk propolis 50-100 g (10.5%). continue to heat the milk with propolis (up to 70-80 ° C) for 10 minutes, stirring with a wooden spoon. The mixture is cooled and then filtered through cheesecloth. in glassware formed during cooling of the milk layer of wax is removed propolisnoe milk has a brownish color and a bitter taste honey improves the taste and assimilation
Preparation propolis butter:... the oil is heated to 50-60 ° C in a water bath and dipped the pieces of crushedCM.