High herbaceous perennial plant of the lily family up to 2 m. The stem is thick and straight.The leaves are alternate, elliptic, whole-extreme and naked.The flowers are greenish, inconspicuous, is formed on top of the plant long inflorescence - panicle.Flowers in June-August.
In all parts of hellebore contain toxic alkaloids.Most toxicity hellebore manifests in early spring, at the time of regrowth of the stem and leaves.
Veratrum growing in pastures, and dangerous for animals, which are often poisoned by eating the young and juicy greens of this plant.
Veratrum irritates the mucous membranes of the nose, mouth, throat, causes severe sneezing.If poisoning occurs a burning sensation in the mouth, salivation, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, respiratory depression.
Veratrum found in Dagestan, in Ukraine (in the Carpathians), in the central region of the Caucasus, in the Krasnodar region and the southern Caucasus.It grows on moist meadows and bushes in floodplains, swamps.
Medical raw material are r
There are also others. Hellebore species, such as black hellebore is similar to white hellebore and differs from it only in black and red flowers.The black hellebore popularly used for the same purpose as that of white hellebore.Hellebore white procured on a par with hellebore Lobel.
All parts of the plant contain highly toxic alkaloids (protoveratrin, protoverin, Irmin, Pervin, irmerin) glycoalkaloids (psevdopervin, izorubiervin).
The amount of hellebore alkaloids in the form of salts recently beginning to enter into medical practice as a means of reducing blood pressure in patients with essential hypertension.
hellebore powder when applied to the skin or mucous membrane irritant, which is replaced by an anesthetic.
on the central nervous system, as well as the end of the somatic and autonomic nerves hellebore alkaloids have a stimulating effect, which quickly gives way to a functional exhaustion.
action on heart muscle manifested by a significant enhancement of systole and diastole elongation that can cause cardiac arrest in the case of poisoning.
hellebore alkaloids contribute to contractile capacity and slow relaxation of striated muscle.In recent years, data were obtained on favorable action protoveratrina in hypertension.
active principle poisonous hellebore and B refer to the list, so the collection, processing and storage of raw materials and drugs require caution.
When collecting and processing of raw materials is recommended to use a wet mask, should be good ventilation, and so on. D. The powder of the root causes sudden irritation of the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract and eyes.
In folk medicine used alcohol or vodka infusion of hellebore, water teas and ointments as an analgesic agent for inflammatory diseases of the joints, rheumatism, neuralgia and myalgia and a radical remedy for lice.The broth is used for washing the hair with dandruff, hair growth and lubricate the joints of patients with rheumatism, drink drops extract or tincture with abdominal pain.
Dagestan rhizome powder with honey is used in the treatment of malaria.
Home infusion (not alcohol): 1 part crushed root to 120 parts vodka, insist 2 weeks.
Ointment: 1 part tincture or condensed broth into 4 parts of petroleum jelly.
picture hellebore poisoning: due to irritation of mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract - salivation, sneezing, burning sensation in the mouth, scratching in the throat and esophagus;then join dyspeptic disorders (vomiting,
diarrhea), accompanied by intestinal colic and tenez-Mami.Breathing and heart rate slow down, there are strong headaches, pale skin, and visual disturbances.There may come a regidnost skeletal muscles, alternating clonic-tonic convulsions character, then join parastezii and evolving number laptoidnoe state.
First Aid: gastric lavage with a solution of tannin, a suspension of activated charcoal or white clay in water.Then appoint saline laxatives.In the end - morphine, caffeine, camphor.If necessary, carry out artificial respiration.With the defeat of the mucous - irrigation of 2% solution of novocaine.White hellebore should be distinguished from the black hellebore, or hellebore, which contains cardiac glycosides.
Using drugs be careful: when administered more than 1 g hellebore come great excitement, salivation, sweating, vomiting, diarrhea and sometimes death.